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ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT AUTISM

Autism is a complicated neurobehavioral condition that involves delayed developmental language, impairments in social interaction and communication skills along with rigid, repetitive behaviors. There is a wide range of autism symptoms, so it is now more commonly referred to as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It covers a large spectrum of symptoms, skills, and different levels of impairment. ASD ranges in severity from varying degrees of disability that may limit an otherwise normal life to a disability that may require institutional care. If you have a child with autism or know someone who does, talk to your doctor about treatment options and how you can manage it. Or you can find doctors online to help you monitor the condition remotely.

According to the CDC, approximately 1 in 59 children is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Boys are four times more likely to be diagnosed with autism than girls. Children with autism have trouble communicating and expressing themselves which in turn translates into behavioral symptoms. They have trouble understanding what other people think and feel. 

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Signs and symptoms of ASD

Children with ASD are often sensitive and may be greatly troubled by different sounds, touches, smells, or sights that seem normal to others. Children who are autistic may have repetitive, stereotyped body movements such as rocking, pacing, or hand flapping. They might not react to people or objects like you or other people normally would. They have a tendency to become more aggressive with changes in their routine. At times it might seem like they don’t notice people, objects, or activities in their surroundings. Some children with autism may also develop seizures. And in some cases, those seizures may not occur until adolescence.

Other symptoms of autism include cognitive impairment. Children with ASD have varying degrees of cognitive impairment. In contrast to typical delayed development, individuals with autism show uneven skill development. They may have problems in certain areas, especially the ability to communicate and relate to others. But they may have unusually developed skills in other areas, such as drawing, creating music, solving math problems, or memorizing facts. For this reason, they may test higher or above-average on nonverbal intelligence tests.

If you think your child has symptoms that fall into the ASD category contact your doctor and discuss those symptoms. You can also book a tele-appointment with doctor in Pakistan with an online doctor for an online medical consultation. Online consultations are a quick and convenient way to get expert medical advice from the comfort of your own home.  

Symptoms of autism typically appears during the first three years of life. Some children show signs from birth. Others may develop normally at first,  but begin to show symptoms when they are 18 to 36 months old. Individuals with ASD may not have problems in communication until demands of the environment exceed their capabilities. Autism is four times more common in boys than in girls and affects people from all racial, ethnic, and social backgrounds. Family income, lifestyle, or educational levels do not affect a child's chance of being autistic. Autism is just one syndrome that now falls under the heading of autism spectrum disorders.  Previous disorders that fall under the diagnosis of ASD or a social communication disorder include:

  • Autistic disorder. It refers to problems with social interactions, communication, and imaginative play in children younger than 3 years.
  • Asperger's syndrome. These children don't have a problem with language or intelligence., but they have social problems and limited scope of interests as children with autistic disorder.
  • Pervasive developmental disorder or PDD -- also known as atypical autism. There are children who have some autistic behaviors but who don't fit into other categories.
  • Childhood disintegrative disorder. These children develop normally for at least two years and then lose some or most of their communication and social skills. This is an extremely rare disorder and its existence as a separate condition is a matter of debate among many mental health professionals.

How do you treat autism?

Treatment of autism depends upon the type and severity of autism. It may include different kinds of therapies to improve speech and behavior, and in some cases medication may be prescribed to help medical symptoms associated with autism such as depression, seizures, insomnia, and trouble focusing. The treatments your child can benefit from most depends on his situation and needs, but the goal is the same: to improve symptoms and improve learning and development. There is no cure for autism spectrum disorder but there are ways to manage it effectively. Studies have shown that medication is most effective when it’s combined with behavioral therapies.

If you are not sure about your child’s diagnosis or would like a second opinion then get one online with a qualified health professional. Find best physician online to help you with your child. For more information on behavioral disorders like depression and anxiety please visit www.mylivedoctors.com