We’ve all had the occasional tummy ache or have endured some form of ‘abdominal pain’, like the doctor would put it. Abdominal pain occurs between the chest and pelvic region. It can be crampy, dull, a sharp shooting or stabbing pain, or come in intervals or pulses. In other words, there are several types of tummy aches and that’s probably why a stomach ache is one of the toughest things to figure out. Most of the time it’s pretty straight forward and is quick to resolve on its own. However, sometimes a more intense stomach pain warrants a deeper look.
How common is abdominal pain?
Statistics suggest that a stomach ache is a symptom that leads to millions of outpatient clinic visits, perhaps even more than chest pain. In fact, according to the Annals of Translational Medicine 2016, acute abdominal pain or stomach aches that occur suddenly account for 7-10% of all Emergency Department visits.
The following graph shows emergency department visits for chest pain and abdominal pain in adults in the United States over a span of 10 years.
The green bars are for abdominal pain and the blue ones for chest pain. It’s easy to tell that the percentage of abdominal pain is consistently higher throughout over the span of nine years.
What are the different types of abdominal pain?
Let’s have a look at the different types of abdominal pain and learn more about them. The abdomen is divided into 9 areas or zones that represent the basic arrangement of organs and structures within the abdomen. This makes it easier for doctors to diagnose the pain depending upon the organ in that zone. The first and most obvious question your doctor is likely to ask is where it hurts. You can localize the pain on your own too. All you have to do point a finger at where it hurts. That’s the first step indiagnosing and treating a tummy ache because it is most likely to indicate where the pain is coming from. Here is a picture that shows where different abdominal organs are located.
As complicated as it may seem, compartmentalizing internal organs makes a doctor’s job much easier!
5 tummy troubles that are more common than you think!
Most people associate appendicitis with children. Well, here’s some news for you! In the United States, in 20 people will get appendicitis, most commonly between the age of 10 and 30. Although the appendix lies in the lower right part of the abdomen, the pain initially begins in the center or around the belly button area. Most cases of appendicitis are treated as emergencies and require surgery.
This condition affects the large intestine or the lower part of the gut i.e. the colon. Diverticula are small pouches that are formed in the walls of your digestive system. Constipation or straining during bowel movements may facilitate diverticula formation. If the diverticula become infected or inflamed, it is called diverticulitis. Diverticulosis is quite common and occurs in 10% of people over age 40 and in 50% of people over age 60. Typically characterized by pain in lower left abdomen, some individuals complain of generalized lower stomach pain.
3. Acute Cholecystitis
One of the most common complaints is that of stomach pain after eating or stomach pain at night. While there is a long list of causes, acute cholecystitis is among the more common ones and should be ruled out. It affects 10-20% of the population. Gallstones is the most common cause of inflammation of the gallbladder. The pain usually occurs in the upper right region of the abdomen but can move to the back and shoulder as well.
Inflammation of the pancreas can cause a sharp stabbing pain right in the middle of your abdomen. It usually occurs suddenly and constantly hurts at the same place. It is prevalent in males as compared to females with a 3:1 ratio. Excessive alcohol consumption and gallstones are the leading causes of pancreatitis.
A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through a part of the abdominal wall that holds it in place. For instance, umbilical hernias occur in the umbilical or belly-button region and inguinal hernias in the groin area. Hernias can be painful and frequently appear as abdominal swellings. Statistics suggest that hernias affect 15 out of 1000 individuals.
So, the next time you encounter a belly ache, you might be able to work things out in your mind before reaching a doctor. For expert medical advice you can reach out to an online doctor and book an online appointment with doctor by downloading an app to find a doctor on your smartphone. My Live Doctors is one of the best medical apps for patients that is FREE! After registering with the online doctor app you can look up your doctor and book your doctor appointment online within minutes! Getting an online medical consultation for a tummy ache has never been easier! Engage with your online doctor in a video visit and get treated at home. All you need to do is point to the pain and go from there. A doctor’s consultation is always your safest bet so do not attempt to self-diagnose or self-treat.
So contact top-notch online doctors at www.mylivedoctors.com and share your concerns with them. If further investigation is advised, book a local appointment right there and then. It will not only save precious time but money too!
The ‘C’ word can be a scary term to hear at a doctor’s office. It sounds more like a death sentence than a diagnosis. Even the cancer symbol is that of a crab, a creature that has the ability to ‘root itself’ and stick around, much like a hub of cancer cells. Cancer is one of the most feared health conditions but sometimes facing your fear makes you realize that not knowing more about it not only helps you heal but conquer as well.
Are you a cancer survivor? Have you cared for someone with cancer or lost someone to it? It’s likely you have a lot of unanswered questions or concerns. There are hundreds of sources online from which you can acquire ample information on this topic, but much of it can be overwhelming and confusing as well. So, let’s try to cover some fundamentals of cancer first, and go from there.
What is cancer?
Among the many definitions, the simplest one is that cancer is an abnormal growth of cells, that continue to divide in the body and invade or spread to surrounding tissue. Cancer cells can stem from or attack any cell, tissue or organ. Under normal conditions, old cells die within the human body and are replaced with new ones. The growth and division of cells is tightly regulated by different control mechanisms within the body. When the control system fails, cells divide uncontrollably and give rise to cancerous cells.
How many types of cancer are there?
There are more than 100 types of cancer making it the second leading cause of death in Americans. The most common type of cancer affecting men is prostate cancer in the United States. According to the CDC, cancers of the lung, colorectal, bladder and melanoma follow next in line. The most common cancer that affects women is breast cancer, followed by colon, endometrial (uterus) and lung cancer.
Another way to look at cancer is whether it is potentially harmful or not. In other words, they are either malignant or benign. Malignant neoplasms (tumors) spread to and infiltrate secondary sites whereas a benign growth remains localized and does not have the potential to cause harm, even when left untouched.
What causes cancer?
Like the disease itself, the answer to this question is complicated. Extensive research and study suggest the following factors responsible for cancer:
Genes make up our DNA and DNA controls cellular function. Some people are born with genetic mutations that may manifest as cancer at any point in life, but such types are rare. More commonly, genetic mutations occur after birth that may be caused by factors such as smoking, obesity and exposure to cancer causing chemicals. Inherited or not, genetic mutations make you prone to different types of cancer.
Cancer causing chemicals, also known as carcinogens, are associated with several cancer types. For instance, tobacco is considered a potent carcinogenic substance that is responsible for 90% of lung cancer. Head and neck cancer, pancreatic, laryngeal, stomach, bladder and esophageal cancer can also be caused by inhalation of tobacco smoke. Over 50 different carcinogens have been identified in tobacco smoke alone making it a potential health hazard with the ability to cause extensive damage.
Approximately 35% of cancer related deaths can be tied to obesity, lack of physical activity and poor dietary choices. There is sufficient evidence from clinical trials and studies that shows a significant link between obesity and cancer. For instance, obese and overweight woman are four times more likely to develop endometrial cancer (cancer of the uterus lining). Other cancers that share obesity as a common risk factor are, esophageal, gastric, liver, pancreatic, colorectal, multiple myeloma and kidney, to name a few.
Some viral infections tend to progress to cancerous conditions. They are called onco-viruses. Examples include human papilloma virus, Epstein-Barr virus, Hepatitis B and C viruses. Some bacteria and parasites have been linked to cancer as well.
Exposure to sunlight is a great risk factor for melanomas and other skin malignancies (skin cancer) since it comprises of non-ionizing ultraviolet radiation. Ionizing radiation sources include radon gas and medical imaging.
Sex hormones such as estrogen and progesterone increase the risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. Men with higher levels of testosterone more prone to developing prostate cancer as compared to those with lower levels. Insulin like growth factors also play a role in cell proliferation, differentiation and cell death (apoptosis) advocating its role in carcinogenesis.
- Physical agents:
These substances cause cancer through their physical effects rather than chemical ones. For example, prolonged exposure to asbestos may lead to development of mesothelioma (cancer of lung lining). Other asbestos-like agents are rockwool, glass wool and attapulgite.
Warning signs of cancer:
Cancer signs depend upon the type of cancer. Unfortunately, most forms of cancer are caught in the later stages and remain silent at the beginning. However, there are certain signs and symptoms considered red flags that you should look out for:
- Persistent fatigue, nausea or vomiting
- Change in bladder or bowel habits
- Delayed or non-healing wounds or infections
- Unusual or unexpected bleeding from an orifice
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Loss of appetite
- Significant and rapid weight loss
The above symptoms should not be ignored. Seek expert medical advice from top online physicians at www.mylivedoctors.com or download the online doctor app My Live Doctors and look up your doctor or instantly connect to a specialist and get an online medical consultation within minutes after downloading the app on your smartphone or mobile device. The online doctor appointment booking system at My Live Doctors is quick, efficient and saves big bucks too!
How do you treat cancer?
Primary treatment options for cancer management are:
- Chemotherapy. This encompasses the use of cytotoxic drugs that kill the harmful cells and spare the healthy ones, a regimen known as targeted chemotherapy. Currently, target therapy is used for breast cancer, prostate cancer, multiple myeloma and other cancers.
- Radiation. Ionizing radiation is used to damage the DNA of cancerous cells. The radiation beams are carefully aimed at the cancer site to spare the surrounding healthy tissue. Radiotherapy is usually used in combination with chemo or surgery for desired results.
- Surgery. Operative assistance is required for solid, localized masses that may cause additional pressure symptoms by affecting surrounding organs. Signs and symptoms are often relieved following surgery.
- Palliative care. This is perhaps the most important aspect of care. Taking care of the patient’s needs and comfort can affect overall well-being. Supportive care can be a great booster of motivation and willpower.
Cancer can be one of the toughest things to face in life. Show your support by being kind and empathetic towards cancer patients. Sport a pink cancer ribbon in patronage or donate to cancer research. There is still a lot more work to be done! An online appointment with doctor can save a lot of time and put your mind at rest. It’s one of the best medical apps for patients. So download and sign up for FREE today!
Women are all too familiar with the term ‘yeast infection’. Up to 75% of women are affected by this infection at some point in their lifetime. If a yeast infection hasn’t crossed your path yet then consider yourself to be lucky.
Most vaginal yeast infections are caused by candida albicans, a type of fungus. Some may question your personal hygiene if you’ve encountered the notorious candida. Is it fair? Not really. While inadequate sanitation may be a contributing factor, fungi thrive in moist, covered and concealed environments. In fact, candida resides in about 20-50% of healthy women without causing any signs or symptoms. It shares the environment with vaginal bacteria. When the balance between yeast and bacteria is disturbed, it results in the overgrowth of candida and manifests as a yeast infection. So now you know how that fungus got there. It is not uncommon to mistake a yeast infection for an STD (sexually transmitted disease), and research shows that it affects sexually inactive women as well.
How do I know it’s a yeast infection?
Great question! As a woman, here is some basic info you should know about a vaginal yeast infection. Signs and symptoms include:
- A thick, whitish gray vaginal discharge which is typically odorless. (If the discharge is smelly and has a distinct odor, it’ most likely a bacterial infection)
- Intense itching
- Burning sensation
- Pain or burning during urination or sexual intercourse
- Soreness or swelling of the vagina or vulva
A sign that deserves separate mention are yeast infection bumps. They are open sores that may occur on the skin around the genital area, around the mouth and other parts of the body. It’s important to give your doctor your complete history so your skin bumps aren’t mistaken for something else.
Risk factors for developing a yeast infection
Take comfort in the fact that you’re not alone. Besides the fact that there is more yeast compared to normal vaginal bacteria, here are some other factors that can increase the risk of developing a yeast infection:
- Compromised or weakened immune system (like after chemotherapy or taking steroids)
- Taking oral contraceptives (birth control pills)
How can I treat it?
Certain health conditions can make you uncomfortable and you might want to stay home instead of visiting the doctor. Or maybe ask for a medical opinion from home. Online medical consultations are great for receiving expert medical advice from the privacy and comfort of your own home! There are several doctor availability apps like My Live Doctors where you can look up your doctor and book your doctor appointment online. The online doctor app is a quick and convenient way to schedule an appointment without waiting days for one. One of the great things about telemedicine and an app to find best doctors online is that you can access top quality healthcare providers without having access to a medial facility. You can even get a prescription online and meds delivered to your door!
It’s always better to discuss your symptoms with your doctor, but if you don’t feel comfortable, you can contact an online doctor at www.mylivedoctors.com and engage in a live online session on the phone. Get prescription yeast infection medicine delivered at your doorstep too! How convenient is that!
If you’ve been having recurrent yeast infections, then you’re probably a pro at diagnosing it yourself by now. Thankfully, there are some quick and easy ways to treat your yeast infection at home using a couple of common ingredients you can easily find in your pantry.
Home remedies for a yeast infection
- Apple cider vinegar. Add a cup of apple cider vinegar to a lukewarm bath and soak in it for about 20 minutes. Research suggests that the acidic nature of the vinegar will eliminate harmful microorganisms.
- Tea tree oil. Among the many benefits of this essential oil, it has the ability to kill viruses, bacteria and fungi as well. Tea tree oil suppositories help treat vaginal infections and also maintain the normal vaginal flora.
- Coconut oil. Studies show that coconut oil has antifungal properties and local application of pure, organic coconut oil is effective against c.albicans.
- Greek yogurt. A research published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy shows that greek yogurt acts as a probiotic (because it contains live bacteria) against candida albicans. It helps restore the balance between the fungi and bacteria.
Hope these home remedies work for you. Natural products are usually the safest option. However, if you find they’re not helping at all, then contact your doctor. Fungal infections escalate rapidly, so don’t delay! You don’t want to have to pay a price for putting off health problem when you can get it looked at and treated effectively online for fewer bucks! For more information please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
Congratulations, you’re pregnant! Now brace yourself for the incredible journey ahead. Pregnancy can set off a whirlwind of emotions you didn’t even know existed. New discoveries will be made, your body will endure changes and your mind will be challenged. It is exactly, what it sounds like -life changing!
Pregnancy is not a disease, illness or a condition, rather a normal physiological process that the body goes through to reproduce. Once a baby is conceived, the process of development of one or more offspring begins in the mother’s womb. Most women go for the clear blue pregnancy test to confirm the pregnancy at home. A pregnancy stick or strip is dipped into a urine sample to detect the presence of a pregnancy hormone known as B-hcg (human chorionic gonadotropin).
Other women resort to an online pregnancy test, which is a quick online test or quiz that tells you if you could be pregnant based on your signs and symptoms. The test will give you a final score in the form of a final percentage. There are even different calculators online that can predict your chances of getting pregnant, when you are willing to conceive a baby. If it is taking more time than you anticipated, an ovulation test might be able to help identify your ‘fertile window’. This is the time an ovary releases one or more eggs each month. It is only viable for 12-24 hours for fertilization.
Understanding your pregnancy can help you prepare for what you might experience over the course of 9 long months. Expecting moms receive an abundance of advice and at times, unwanted suggestions as well. Here are some popular beliefs about pregnancy that you may or may not agree with. Myth or truth, let’s find out!
First childbirth experience is the worst!
Most first-time mothers-to-be are told tales of never-ending labor and painful accounts of how unbearable the whole experience of giving birth was. Rest assure, your story may be completely different, even if it is your first time. First pregnancies have their own advantages. For instance, the baby’s head tends to engage in your pelvis quicker and your water bag is most likely to break on its own and warn you that your labor is about to begin. Some studies say that subsequent pregnancies may be difficult to assess. False labor pains may increase and head takes a longer time to descend and engage.
There will be a certain level of uncertainty for first time moms since they don’t know what to expect, but you can mentally prepare yourself by reading up on the topic and discussing a birth plan with your obstetrician. If you have more questions or concerns, please visit www.mylivedoctors.com and connect with a licensed obstetrician to guide you through your pregnancy.
The memory of your first pregnancy can be a good one, so yeah, this is a myth!
Epidurals are dangerous
Epidural anesthesia is given to pregnant women during labor to relieve pain. Epidurals block the nerves supplying the lower half of the body. It is administered by inserting a needle in an area surrounding your spinal cord in your lower back region. A catheter is then placed in the epidural space through the needle. The needle is slowly removed and medicines are supplied through the catheter.
There is a substantial reduction in pain which will allow you to conserve your energy in case of a prolonged labor. It will most likely provide a positive birthing experience by helping you stay relaxed and focused.
However, epidurals are not without risk. They can cause your blood pressure to fall, severe headaches (rare), shivering, difficulty urinating and you may find that pushing in your final stages is harder since you cannot feel your contractions.
So, in all fairness, risks and benefits both have to be taken into consideration before you make a decision, but to say that it is potentially ‘dangerous’ would be a false statement-a myth.
Eating pineapples can speed up labor
Some research studies suggest that pineapples, in any form, should be avoided during the first trimester as they increase the risk of miscarriage. It induces uterine spasms which may lead to miscarriage, diarrhea or allergies. Modern day nutritionists share a different opinion. They say this is a myth and including up to two servings of pineapple a week is safe.
Consuming pineapples near the end of pregnancy is often recommended as a safe and natural way to induce labor. It contains an enzyme called bromelain that causes ripening of the cervix and stimulates uterine contractions. High amounts can increase gut motility, which can also stimulate the uterus. If you have reached term and want to initiate labor, make sure you eat the inner core as well, as it contains the highest amount of the enzyme. It’s true!
Whether it’s your first, second or fifth, each pregnancy will be different. Just let nature take its course and trust your body. It already knows what to do. You can do your part by being well informed, attending workshops or birthing preparatory classes. Involve your partner in the whole process. Caring partners will provide the emotional support you need.
Try to stay as active as you can over the course of pregnancy, but don’t push yourself. As the months progress, you will find yourself tossing and turning the night away because a bigger belly can make it difficult to rest in a comfortable position. Use a pregnancy pillow or multiple pillows to ease into place.
The most important aspect of a smooth pregnancy is maintaining an honest and open relationship with your doctor. Share your concerns and discuss the possible birthing options. Take your supplements regularly and any additional meds that may have been prescribed. Pregnancy is an unpredictable journey and unprecedented things can happen at any time. It might be a good idea to keep in touch with your doctor or midwife through an online doctor app like My Live Doctor. It’s a great tool that allows you to connect with online doctors within minutes. This way your pregnancy can be monitored from home at times you aren’t able to make it to the clinic. You can even get a prescription online for meds or supplements that you’ve ran out of. However, in case of an emergency do not stay at home and rush to the hospital immediately.
Heart diseases are the leading cause of death, more common than other diseases in US and rest of the world. According to a CDC report, an estimated one-fifth of all deaths in the US occur as a result of a heart attack or other heart related diseases. Heart attack symptoms are not always apparent but physicians suggest that if patients with pre-existing risk factors do not take their medicines on time, the risk of developing heart disease increases.
Over thirteen million people across the US suffer from heart attack or other related heart diseases every year and four out of ten die from these attacks. According to the World Health Organization, more than 30% of all global deaths were related to heart disease and a whopping 85% is due to heart attack and stroke. Ischemic heart disease is a leading cause of death in several developed countries.
What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?
Some common signs of a heart attack include anxiety, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, vomiting and some even have a feeling of impending doom. Others may feel weakness. It is not an uncommon symptom. This is not all, some individuals may have a silent attack without any apparent symptoms at all. Silent attacks are common in diabetics. Research suggests that every third heart attack is silent and does not consist of any pain or other symptoms.
Doctors often find different heart attack symptoms in women, such as a feeling of weakness, fatigue and shortness of breath. Irrespective of the gender, knowing the warning signs of a heart attack could save someone’s life. Here are some important heart attack symptoms or warning signs to look out for:
- pressure over the chest
- squeezing or aching sensation
- cold sweat
- sudden dizziness
Heart attack symptoms can mimic other conditions too. For instance, non-specific symptoms such as throat or jaw pain, fatigue, snoring and sweating and heartburn can also signify an underlying heart attack. Not all people who have heart attacks have the same symptoms. They may vary in duration and severity.
How long does a heart attack last?
There’s no definite time frame of how long a heart attack lasts. A heart attack may typically last for at least 15 minutes or longer. A heart attack usually arises suddenly, but warning signs and symptoms may occur many days in advance. The earliest warning sign may be chest pain that occurs at rest or while walking or climbing the stairs. This chest pain is known as angina, which is caused by a temporary lack of blood flow to the heart.
What are the risk factors of a heart attack?
The coronary arteries supply the heart with blood. When one or more arteries become blocked, you’re likely to get a heart attack. There are certain factors that contribute to blocked arteries. They include:
- Obesity. Obesity is associated with high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and and diabetes. Experts say that losing just 10% of your weight can lower this risk.
- Increasing age. Men above 40 and women above 55 have a higher chance of getting a heart attack compared to younger individuals
- Smoking. Long-term exposure to tobacco and smoking can increase the risk of a heart attack.
- Co-existing medical conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes can increase the chances of a heart attack
- Drug abuse. Drugs such as cocaine or amphetamines may trigger a heart attack
- Stress. Stress sets off physical changes in the body which may increase the chances of a heart attack
- Family history. Experts say that chances of a heart attack increase if a parent or sibling has had one before the age of 50.
When you should see a doctor
You should act immediately in the case of an emergency. The heart stops working when its blood supply is cut off. If you don’t act quick, death can occur within minutes! The 3 most important signs of sudden cardiac arrest are:
- sudden collapse
- unresponsive to touch and sound
- no breathing or gasping
Here’s what you do when you experience or witness the signs of a heart attack.
- Call 911 (or call your local emergency number)
- If you don’t have access to an emergency facility, get someone to drive you there. Avoid self-driving but go for it if you have no other option.
- Start CPR on the non-responding person.
- Take nitroglycerine if prescribed by the doctor
These are just some basic maneuvers you can do while waiting for help to arrive. If you don’t know what to do and your emergency number isn’t responding either, connecting with an online doctor through an online doctor app for expert medical advice can be an option too! Experiencing a heart attack can be scary. If you have any of the above risk factors like obesity or high blood pressure it’s a good idea to keep in touch with your doctor remotely as well. My Live Doctor is one of the best medical apps for patients. Use it to book an online appointment today! Chronic conditions like heart disease and high blood pressure can be monitored without stepping foot into a doctor’s office! Download the app on your phone for FREE and look up your doctor. You can even get a prescription online too!
6 NATURAL WAYS TO TREAT BUG BITES!
We’ve all been bitten by bugs right? Mosquito bites, bee stings and the works! That irresistible itch can be tough to soothe at times. Let’s see if we can whip up something at home to cool down that bug bite burn!
Insects, also known as arthropods are the most diverse group in animal kingdom. More than half of the total living organisms is represented by ‘class Insecta.’ The estimated number of species is around 8 million! Therefore, human contact with insects is inevitable. Most insects are made up of a hard shell called exoskeleton, a segmented body and three pairs of legs.
An insect bites trying to defend itself, when it’s agitated or wants to feed. Come to think of it, we all get a bit ‘hangry’ at times too, don’t we? The bite induces a toxic or allergic reaction in response to the protein in the insect’s saliva or venomous stings.
What are the signs and symptoms of an insect bite?
Insect bites are usually harmless. The signs and symptoms may vary from very mild local irritation to generalized symptoms and even a serious life threatening anaphylaxis (extreme allergic reaction). Insect bites may cause:
- lump formation
- wheal formation
- papules and blisters
An insect bite is different from a sting. A bite is caused by the mouth parts of an insect whereas a sting is caused by stingers that are sharp venomous organs usually located at the rear end insects. Stinging insects include wasps, bees, scorpions and hornets. The probability of catching a disease from an insect bite is lower in colder climatic conditions, whereas near or at the Equator an insect bite may cause diseases like Malaria, Dengue Fever, Zika virus, Lyme disease or Sleeping sickness.
What a typical insect bite looks like
An insect bite causes a laceration, or a puncture wound which may form into a minor lump and may or may not be filled with serous fluid and cause itching. It usually goes away in a few days. Scratching the wound can me it go red, peel off the overlying skin and lead to infection. Warm overlying and surrounding skin, hardness or may even drain pus. Prolonged irritation, itching and constant scratching may cause the skin to thicken resulting in “lichenification” of the skin.
If you’ve been bitten by an insect and feel like it’s going from bad to worse then go to your nearest healthcare provider immediately. We don’t want the infection to spread. If you’re not sure about what to do, connect instantly with a doctor by downloading an app to find best doctors online on your smartphone or mobile device for FREE! Get expert advice on how to treat your bug bite through an online medical consultation. You can engage in a live video call or send in a picture of the bug bite to the doctor for a clearer and better assessment. Get a prescription online too. For more details, please go to www.mylivedoctors.com.
Different bugs and bug bites
Mosquitoes, midges and gnats may cause lump formation and mild itchiness which soon subsides. Mosquito bites can cause deadly diseases like Malaria, Dengue, Yellow fever and Encephalitis. The bite might be accompanied by symptoms such as fever, chills, body ache and headache. Tick bites can wear off in around three weeks. Ticks can also cause Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, babesiosis among others. Flea bite typically forms an itchy wheal followed by papule formation. They are responsible for diseases like Typhus and Plague.
Bed bugs pose a major problem of public health. They infest clothing, bedding and mattresses. Their bite in sensitive individuals can lead to wheal formation, itching and papules. Horsefly bite can be painful with accompanied allergy like symptoms, itch, and dizziness and generalized weakness. Fire ants are aggressive and their bite can cause instant extreme pain and burning. Sensitive individuals can go into anaphylactic shock from their sting.
How do you treat an insect bite?
Bug bites treatment depends upon the severity of symptoms. First line treatment of a symptomatic insect bite is thorough cleansing of the affected area with soap and water, icing and over the counter painkillers like Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen. Topical steroids and insect bite cream may help in easing discomfort and reducing the swelling. If bitten by a bug which is still attached to the skin, use tweezers to remove it.
Generalized systemic symptoms like dizziness, generalized swelling or difficulty in breathing calls for a quick and vigorous medical intervention. A serious local reaction may require oral antihistamines and oral painkillers. Widespread swelling may require oral steroids. If large area of skin is affected with generalized symptoms, the patient is treated for allergic reaction and desensitized by a specialist. Fleas, mites and bed bugs infested clothing, bedding and furnishing should be treated and decontaminated. Pets, if any, should be also checked for infestation.
Complication may arise if the insect bite gets secondarily infected by bacteria causing serious and painful conditions like cellulitis, impetigo and lymphangitis which require antibiotics to be treated. Other transmitted diseases like Malaria and Lyme disease are also treated with antimalarial and antibiotics respectively.
Natural treatment for bug bites
Some natural instant home remedies include:
- Oatmeal. It has anti-irritant properties. Oatmeal paste applied on a burning and itchy insect bite may relieve the symptoms. In case of multiple bites, an oatmeal bath is preferred.
- Applying crushed ice can ease inflammation and cause numbness which reduces irritability.
- The anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of honey can help ease the local symptoms.
- The gel of aloe Vera has anti-inflammatory properties that can help heal minor wounds and local infections.
- Eugenol, a chemical compound found in basil helps relieve an itchy skin.
- Itch can also be eased by a dab of vinegar.
How do you prevent bug bites?
Insect bites can be prevented by minimizing the contact as much as possible, wearing long sleeved and light colored shirts and long boots. Avoid going to grassy areas and marshes. Cover garbage containers. Avoid formation of stagnant water bodies and draining them to prevent mosquito habitat. Use structural barriers like window screens and netting while sleeping. Insect repellants can also be used with caution avoiding direct spraying onto face and edibles. Repellants shouldn’t be sprayed on children. Be cautious when near beehives, ant hills and wasp nests.
The thing is, we can’t avoid being outdoors and bug bites are only inevitable since we share the ecosystem. What we can do is respect their space, their breeding grounds, and keep our environment clean. If we do encounter an insect bite, try treating it home first. It’s likely to get better. If it doesn’t contact your doctor as soon as possible or go to www.mylivedoctors.com for help.
A headache is one of the most common presenting complaints at a Doctor’s clinic and a symptom that is most often ignored as well. Headaches have become a regular part of the day, say experts, and it’s sadly an increasing trend. Over 15 percent of adults suffer from headaches or migraines in the US. That is approximately 1 in 7 Americans. It is more prevalent in women in their reproductive years. Recent statistics also seem to be leaning against the younger age group as compared to those above 65 years of age. Headaches can really tamper with your day and become your worst enemy. The occasional throb is usually of no concern, but chronic sufferers can have a hard time adjusting. Finding out the cause and type of headache can certainly help alleviate the condition.
How do you know which type of headache you have?
The medical definition of a headache is ‘pain affecting any region of the head or neck’. Headaches aren’t as simple as they seem. Different types comprise of different characteristics and must be managed according to duration, intensity and cause. Here are the various types of headaches:
- Tension-type headache is the most common type which is popular among young adults and teenagers. It may present as a dull and aching pain all over your head. It comes and goes and is usually triggered by stress. Treatment with over the counter painkillers such as aspirin and ibuprofen often relieves the pain.
- Cluster headache is often described as a burning or piercing pain behind or around one eye or one side of the face. It may be associated with nasal congestion, drooping of the eyelid and teary eye, all affecting the same side of the head. They are called ‘cluster’ headaches because they occur in groups, sometimes 3 or 4 times a day and can last anywhere from 15 minutes to 3 hours. Not sure about the exact cause, they can be treated with sumatriptan, oxygen therapy and lidocaine (local anesthetic). Steroids, melatonin and calcium channel blockers may be affective in putting the condition into remission.
- Migraines are typically throbbing or pulsating in nature. Lasting for days on end they can affect daily routine life. The pain is usually unilateral (affecting one side of the head). Common associative symptoms are nausea and vomiting. Bright light and noise may act as triggers or worsen the migraine. Migraines are often misdiagnosed as sinus headaches (unknowingly referred to as sinus migraine). Migraines are mostly treated with medicines belonging to the ‘triptan’ family. They can be used in the form of pills, nasal sprays or injections.
- Sinus headache or sinus pressure headache occurs secondary to a sinus infection or allergy. Sinus headache symptoms are usually limited to the sinus areas in front of the face characterized by congestion, dull or stuffy pain and feeling of heaviness. Sinus headache relief can be achieved by using over the counter antihistamines, nasal decongestants and painkillers.
- Exertion headache, as the name indicates is caused after periods of intense physical activity. Common triggers for exertion headaches include running, swimming, weight lifting and sexual intercourse. Basically, any activity that increases the blood flow to the head may result in a throbbing headache. The pain typically affects the whole head and thankfully resolves after some rest and over the counter painkillers.
- Ice pick headache can be one of the worst types of headaches you encounter. The name itself is kind of self-explanatory. Ice pick headaches are typically excruciatingly painful and come without warning. They are characteristically pin point in nature and can occur anywhere in the head. Even though they only last for a couple of seconds, they can recur as abruptly as they end. Due to such a short duration, they can be challenging to treat. However, ice pick headaches have shown association with migraines and cluster headaches so treating those disorders can decrease the incidence of ice pick headaches as well.
- Cough headache is not as uncommon as you think. It is a strange type of headache linked to coughing or any other activity that involves some sort of straining such as sneezing, blowing your nose, a fit of laughter, crying, or even after having a difficult bowel movement.
- Primary cough headaches are usually piercing or stabbing in nature and affect the back of the head. The pain can last for a few hours and is treated with medication such as propranolol (relaxes the blood vessels), diuretics and anti-inflammatories.
- Secondary cough headaches may result from a defect in the brain matter or skull, a brain aneurysm, tumor or leak of the spinal fluid. Surgery is often required for a permanent fix.
- Cervicogenic headache begins in the cervical spine i.e. the neck or base of the skull. Other than stress-induced situations such as eyestrain, tension, fatigue or trauma, the cause of a cervicogenic headache can be traced back to a problem in the nerves, muscle or bone of that region. It is termed a ‘head’-ache because the pain tends to travel to the head and may even mimic a migraine. Depending on the cause, it can be managed by simple painkillers, physical therapy or surgery if needed.
When do you get help?
Headaches may seem like a regular, every day problem but they can genuinely ‘mess with your head’ (in every sense of the phrase). If you can relate to any of the symptoms mentioned above, the sooner you contact your physician the better. Just remember, persistent, lingering and intensifying symptoms are never a good sign.
You can contact and access a licensed physician online with MyLiveDoctors, one of the best medical apps for patients. It’s a great doctor availability app that helps you connect with online doctors instantly! Book your doctor appointment online without having to wait long hours and engage in an online medical consultation. You don’t have to visit the ER for that occasional headache. Get help from the comfort of your own home by consulting a physician online and seek expert medical advice. The best part is that the online app for doctor is absolutely FREE! Never take your health for granted, no matter how small the symptom is!
You’ve probably experienced the occasional sore eyes. No matter how many times you’re told not to touch them, the constant irritation can be irresistibly hard to ignore! They may be itchy and teary or completely dry and just down right annoying. Is there something in my eye, or could it be an infection? This is probably the question you ask yourself while contemplating a doctor’s visit.
Let’s face it, most people don’t want to schedule an appointment at a clinic that’s miles away for something that might just be an allergic reaction. So why not get an online medical consultation? An online doctor app is a super convenient option when it comes to everyday health problems. Experts say that more than 80% of non-urgent healthcare concerns can effectively be treated at home. Download a doctor availability app on your smartphone and connect instantly to healthcare experts from different fields and book your online appointment with doctor today!
What caused my eye infection?
Eye infections occur when any part of the eyeball or surrounding area is invaded by harmful microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria or fungi. Depending on which part of the eye was affected and the causative agent, eye infections can be divided into the following types:
- Conjunctivitis. Also known as pink eye, it is highly contagious in nature and affects both children and adults. Usually caused bacteria or viruses. Infants can also acquire conjunctivitis, in which case a pediatric eye doctor or pediatrician should examine it.
- Keratitis. Other viral eye infections include ocular herpes caused by Herpes simplex virus. Fungal keratitis is common in individuals who use contact lenses. Contact lens wearers are also at an increased risk of acquiring Acanthamoeba keratitis, a parasitic eye infection. They should avoid wearing lenses in swimming pools and hot tubs.
- Trachoma. This eye infection is commonly seen in more under-developed regions, where basic sanitation and hygiene is an issue. It is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and flies are the vectors that help spread the disease. It infects the inner eyelids, then causes scarring and destruction of the cornea which may result in permanent blindness.
While your doctor can make the final diagnosis, here are some signs and symptoms you can watch for that may indicate an underlying eye infection.
9 eye infection symptoms you should know about!
- Discomfort (like something is in your eye)
- Itchy eyes
- Burning eyes
- Teary eyes
- Small, painful swellings or lumps under eyelids or eyelashes
- Tender eyelids or eyeball
- Light sensitivity
Besides these symptoms, you may also notice changes like:
- Yellow, green or clear discharge in one or both eyes
- Redness in the white part of your eye
- Swollen eyelids
- Change in skin color of eyelids
- Crusty eyelashes
- Difficult eye opening due to eyelids sticking together
- Vision might be affected (blurry vision)
- Fever in case of extensive or severe infection
- Swollen regional lymph nodes around your ear
Commonly asked questions about other eye conditions:
Is lazy eye also a type of eye infection?
No, lazy eye or amblyopia is a condition that causes reduced or blurry vision but is not attributed to an eye disease. For some reason, the brain focuses on sending and receiving visual signals in one eye and ignores the other (hence the term ‘lazy eye’).
Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the condition in most cases.
Is LASEK eye surgery used for treating eye infections too?
No, LASEK is used to correct vision abnormalities such as astigmatism, nearsightedness and farsightedness.
Treatment of eye infections:
If you’re having any of the 9 symptoms mentioned above, it’s best you pay a visit to your nearest eye center or eye specialist for a more detailed evaluation. You can also visit www.mylivedoctors.com and get your eye examined online by a Board-certified specialist before booking an in-clinic visit just to make sure.
Most eye infections can be treated with antibiotics and by making sure that your eyes are kept clean at all times. You can get your prescription online too and begin treatment without delay! Make sure you follow doctor’s orders to ensure complete recovery!
Do you feel slightly under the weather? Some days just feel like a drag, even when you get up on the right side of the bed! You can’t really put a finger on it but know that something isn’t quite right. Maybe it’s the weather, or long hours at work. Even the cat seems grumpy. You don’t feel sick enough to stay home but not well enough to face the day either. Your thermometer confirms a fever. Ugh!
Every so often, fever is mistaken for an illness itself. Well it’s not. The body has a way of sounding off an alarm when something is wrong. It is the one of the first clues given by the body’s defense system signifying an unfamiliar invader in the midst. It compels you to dig deeper and find out the cause. Generally, a slight fever (low grade fever) isn’t of much concern. It should normalize in a day or two with minimal intervention.
Medically, fever refers to ‘any body temperature above the normal i.e. 98.6 F (37 C)’. It becomes significant when the temperature rises above 100.4 F (38 C). A fever occurs as a result of an immune reaction by the body to a foreign agent such as virus, bacteria, fungi etc. Hence, it actually benefits the body as it tries to fight off an infection.
Types of fever
A fever can reveal a lot about the underlying cause. It exhibits different patterns, some of which are specific to certain conditions. Here are the common types of fever:
- Continuous fever. The temperature remains above normal throughout the day and is typically non-fluctuating. It is common in conditions such as pneumonia and urinary tract infections.
- Remittent fever. The temperature remains above normal throughout the day and generally fluctuates more than 2 C. It’s the most common fever pattern.
- Intermittent. The temperature gets back to normal throughout the day but spikes either every day or every other day. Typically seen in malaria, septicemia and pyemia.
Causes of fever
Fever causes are misinterpreted as ‘fever symptoms’ most of the time. Among the several causes of fever, infection is the most common. Most bacteria and viruses operate well at normal body temperature, but have a tough time surviving at higher temperatures. Viral fever is popular during the winter season, making it the most frequent cause of fever in adults. As the name indicates, it is caused by viruses.
Symptoms include runny nose, cough, sore throat, ear ache and muscle aches. Some may experience chills or an upset stomach as well. A typical viral infection can last up to two weeks. Treatment is usually symptomatic and your immune system has to battle off the rest of the infection. Some cases may warrant anti-viral medication and vaccinations can be administered for future protection.
Viral and bacterial infections run rampant in children as well. A toddler temperature can be worrisome for parents. Some children, particularly under 4 years of age may experience seizures with high temperatures, a phenomenon known as ‘febrile fits’. In a case of febrile fits parental judgment is obscured by fear and temperatures that may seem low can be a potential hazard for the child.
Other causes of fever include:
- Tumors /Cancers (neoplasms) such as lymphomas, blood cancers, pancreatic cancer, bone and lung cancer
- Vasculitis and other vascular causes such as pulmonary embolism and acute myocardial infarction
- Physical trauma, stress and burns
- Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and collagen disorders
- Hormonal imbalances such as thyrotoxicosis
- Heat stroke
- Radiation sickness
- Vaccinations or immunizations in children
What’s the best way to treat a fever?
Since fever is a sign of illness, the underlying cause will most likely navigate the path it takes. Low grade or mild fevers that usually last a couple of days and are mostly stress induced require plenty of rest and hydration. Simple, over the counter drugs such as Pandaol/Tylenol or Ibuprofen are potent fever reducers.
Persistent more aggressive fevers, accompanied by chills rigors and other serious symptoms should be examined in more detail. It is best to consult your doctor at this point and get evaluated. A quicker solution could be to contact an expert physician online. Connect with online doctors with an online doctor app. Book a GP appointment online and get treated from home or even on the go! Get professional advice and get prescription online without the waiting and hassle of the emergency room. Most of the above-mentioned conditions require attention, care and a thorough check on medicine administration. It can be painstaking at times just to remember the timings and doses of all the medicines. Look up your doctor, schedule an online doctor appointment and be monitored remotely!
For more information please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
The importance of a correct diagnosis goes without say. However, certain measures to reduce the temperature initially that can be employed at home are:
- Over the counter anti-pyretics
- Cold water sponging
- Lukewarm bath
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Use a fan to keep body cool
- Cold foods such as ice chips and yogurt help cool the body from the inside
- Drinking herbal tea can induce sweating which will in turn bring down the body temperature
Treating a fever in a child can be tricky because children may appear active even during an ongoing illness or infection. In most cases being active is a good sign but it can also throw you off right track as a parent. It’s best never to ignore a feverish child. Here are some first aid techniques to cool a child down:
- Encourage the use of fluids to prevent dehydration
- Dress child in light clothing
- Cold sponging or soaked socks can be worn to cool the body down
- In case of chills, cover with light blanket until chills subside and sweating begins
There’s a famous saying that ‘feed a cold and starve a fever’. Although a fever initially shows its face as a friend, if dismissed, it can become a foe. Be smart when it comes to your health. Good sense and good health are two of life’s greatest blessings!
ARE YOU FORGETTING THINGS MORE THAN USUAL?
You could have this condition
It can be tough to receive a completely unexpected diagnosis. It’s human to think it could never happen to you. To suffer from a physical illness has its own challenges but a slow progressing illness that affects the brain, behavior and memory can be an unparalleled burden. Alzheimer’s is an example of such a condition. It causes subtle changes over time. Did you know that according to the Alzheimer’s Association, 5.5 million Americans live with Alzheimer’s dementia? Around 5.3 million are above 65 years of age and approximately 200,000 have younger onset Alzheimer’s.
Is Alzheimer’s and dementia the same thing?
Dementia is basically an umbrella term. It refers to a group of symptoms comprising of cognitive impairment that affects memory and reasoning. Alzheimer’s disease falls under this category. In fact, 60-70% of dementia cases are due to Alzheimer’s rendering it as the most common form of dementia.
Some basics about Alzheimer’s
Alzheimer’s is a chronic, neurodegenerative condition which, unfortunately, only gets worse over time. Although increasing age is a risk factor for developing Alzheimer’s, it is important to note that it is NOT a normal part of the ageing process. Age-related changes in memory are associated with occasional forgetfulness, not significant memory loss that interferes with daily life.
In its early stages, memory loss is mild and easily overlooked, but as the disease advances significant behavioral changes and cognitive impairment become evident. Individuals may have trouble responding to simple questions and may seem aloof to their surroundings. Keeping up a conversation may seem like a difficult task. Individuals suffering from Alzheimer’s may find themselves becoming increasingly unaware of their environment.
What causes Alzheimer’s?
- Death of brain cells. The underlying pathology of Alzheimer’s is similar to other types of dementia i.e. brain cell death. Since it is a chronic condition, death of brain cells is a slow and gradual process. An ongoing reduction in nerve cells and nerve connections causes the brain to shrink in size eventually.
- Protein accumulation in the brain. The degeneration of neurons leads to the formation of ‘tangles’ due to the breakdown of a protein known as ‘tau’. Microscopic examination also reveals the formation of ‘plaques’, in the form of tiny inclusions, found between the dead cells. They form due to build-up of a protein known as beta-amyloid hence these clusters are also referred to as ‘amyloid plaques’.
- Plaques and tangles are the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease. There is still much plodding in the field of Alzheimer’s research as many questions remain unanswered. However, the effect that Alzheimer’s has on the brain is clear.
Are there any risk factors?
Experts have recognized the following risk factors which may play a role in the development in Alzheimer’s disease:
- Genetics. A positive family history increases your chance or tendency of acquiring Alzheimer’s especially if a parent or sibling (first degree relative) has the disease. Genetic research has unveiled certain genes with strong associations to the disease. Two types of genes have been discovered; ‘risk genes’ that increase the probability of getting the disease but do not guarantee the occurrence and ‘deterministic genes’ which will undoubtedly initiate the disease process in one who has inherited it.
- Gender. Women are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease as compared to men. At the age of 65, 1 in 6 women have a chance of acquiring Alzheimer’s whereas the incidence for the male population is 1 in 11. Prevalence of this disease is so high that research suggests that after the age of 60, women are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer’s than attain breast cancer!
- Age. According to the Alzheimer’s association, despite age being the greatest known risk factor, the memory loss associated with Alzheimer’s should be distinguished from that of the normal ageing process.
- Downs syndrome. Research suggests that a gene in the chromosome that causes Downs syndrome is implicated in the development of Alzheimer’s disease and increases the risk of getting it. It has a tendency of appearing before the average age i.e. 60-65 years.
- Pre-existing cognitive impairment. Individuals with mild memory loss are at a greater risk for developing dementia later in life. Adopting a healthier lifestyle may slow down progression of disease.
- Heart disease. Conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels (that supply oxygen to the brain) are associated with a greater risk of developing Alzheimer’s or ‘vascular dementia’. They include obesity, stroke, diabetes etc.
Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s
- Difficulty with remembering new information
- Mood swings
- Changes in behavior
- Unawareness of time and place
- Baseless suspicion for family and friends
- Cannot function without help of caregiver
- Verbal dissociation
- Considerable loss of speech
- Fatigue and exhaustion
If you think you have any of the above symptoms and they’re a posing concern, contact your doctor as soon as possible. You can also get expert medical advice online at My Live Doctors, an online doctor app that connects you to online doctors instantly! Download the FREE app on your smartphone and book tele appointment with doctor today! An online medical consultation may give you the answers you’re looking for quicker. You don’t have to wait endless hours at a doctor’s office for doctor’s advice anymore and it’s lighter on the pocket too!
Is there a cure for Alzheimer’s?
Unfortunately, there is no certain cure for Alzheimer’s disease, but much attention and funds are directed toward research and development. The mainstay of management is mostly palliative (supportive) in nature.
- Medication. Medicines that regulate certain chemicals (neurotransmitters) in the brain which play a role in Alzheimer’s may be prescribed by your doctor. There is little evidence that drugs help in halting the disease process. Risk factors such as high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia, etc. are also controlled by meds.
- Psychological intervention. Behavioral cognitive therapy may help in the early stages. The aim of cognitive treatment is to reduce cognitive deficits and re-condition the brain with information about time, place or person
- Caregiving. In the advanced stage, individuals with Alzheimer’s become completely dependent on their caregivers who must ensure to take necessary precautions around the home to make it a safe environment for the patient.
Deteriorating brain health can be a devastating condition to endure alone. A great way to empower yourself is through education and awareness. Get tested for the Alzheimer’s gene. This will not only prepare you and help you manage your situation better but will make you a great empathizer of those who suffer from this condition. To support this cause, you can join Alzheimer’s walks (marathons) or donate money for research purposes.
If you are concerned that you may have Alzheimer’s or have questions about this illness please visit www.mylivedoctors.com. You can access our panel of top online physicians from anywhere at any time. Keep your hopes up, for hope is an activity of the mind that leads to nothing but positivity and a positive mind is a healthy one!
DOES BIRTH CONTROL SAVES LIVES?
Find out right here!
Birth control in the has stirred up quite a controversy in recent days as access to free birth control pills has become harder in the U.S. under the current administration. Women have taken to the streets with banners and signs to protest this decision. After all, it’s their body, their choice!
Being a sensitive subject, it is surrounded by all sorts of ethical, religious and moral relic. Is it right or wrong? Should it be allowed or not? How young is too young? The answers are quite subjective. To each her own. Well, whatever the stance, you can’t undermine the medical importance of it. Stats and figures are backed by evidence and data collected over the past several years. Fake news? No. It’s fact. Let’s check it out.
In 2017, the revenue generated from over the counter oral birth control pills amounted to $366 million! (1) This is the highest it’s been in the past 8 years. Despite these figures, data reveals that there an estimated 38 million women in the United States that are still in need of contraceptive tools and services.
Many women get their supplies from public funded family planning clinics scattered across America, but they don’t even meet half the demand for contraceptive tools. Furthermore, legislators are cutting funds for these clinics. So, men (with no formal medical background) get to decide what’s best for women’s health. Maybe that’s why they fail to understand that the birth control pill isn’t used for just preventing pregnancies.
Let’s enlighten them by answering a couple of basic questions, shall we?
What is birth control and why is it so important?
Birth control or contraception not only prevents pregnancy but helps you control pregnancy timing and spacing between consecutive pregnancies. This allows the mother and baby to maintain their health. It provides women with time to plan their families and careers so they can advance in the workplace.
What is a birth control pill and what is it used for?
It’s medication that’s made up of synthetic hormones, namely progesterone and estrogen. Single and combination pills are available in the market. That’s what makes it applicable to so many other conditions.
Other uses include:
- Menstrual disorders
- Helps with irregular menstrual cycles
- Used for moderate to severe acne treatment
- Lowers the risk of ectopic pregnancies
- Helps with heavy bleeding during menstruation
- Reduce menstrual cramps
For any more questions you may have about birth control and family planning methods you can get expert medical advice from online doctors at My Live Doctors. Download this doctor availability app on your smartphone for FREE and connect instantly. Look up your doctor, book your doctor appointment online and even get a prescription online too! This is one of the best medical apps for patients to get an online medical consultation from the comfort of your own home!
Your doctor decides which pills are best suited for your condition. Even though most of them are OTC drugs, make sure you talk to your doctor first and are sure how to go about using them and for how long. As with any pill, they come with a long list of side-effects.
Some birth control pills require a daily dose. Missing a couple of pills here and there can mess up your cycle and frankly, sometimes it’s hard to remember where you left off. Your online doctor can monitor your medicine intake remotely and is only a click away if you need to ask a question or need a refill prescription! For quick, reliable and expert advice you can contact a Physician or specialist online at www.mylivedoctors.com. Confide in your doctor and discuss your thoughts on birth control. You both can create a plan based on your life goals, health concerns and convenience.
Are there other types of birth control?
Yes! Other contraceptive methods or birth control types are:
- Internal and external condoms
- Intra-uterine devices
- Natural methods
- Emergency contraception
Birth control can save lives! Research says that planning pregnancies not only reduces maternal and infant mortality, but there are fewer HIV transmissions and of course the obvious-fewer abortions, particularly unsafe abortions.(2)
While disputes about birth control rage on, it’s more likely you’ll find women who testify to being benefited by it rather than not. People in power don’t realize that it’s not just about a pill, it’s a lifestyle. It’s about planning and making life decisions. It could literally be a matter of life and death for someone. So yes, this is why women should have a choice. It’s the power it gives you- a chance at a healthy and safe life for you and your children!
7 TRIED AND TESTED SLEEP SOLUTIONS
THAT WILL HELP YOU SLEEP BETTER!
We’ve all experienced the occasional sleepless night, twisting and turning the night away for no apparent reason. Well, it’s okay when this happens once in a while, but if it becomes constant and unremitting, it’s a health concern.
A good night’s sleep is an important part of a healthy life. It comes right at the top with healthy eating and exercise. A good 7 to 9 hours of sound or deep sleep is recommended for an average adult. Fewer hours of shut-eye is bound to make you feel groggy and out of sorts the next morning.
Scary sleep disorder statistics
Research suggests that:
- Up to 70 million American adults have a sleep disorder
- Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder, with short term issues reported by about 30% of adults and chronic insomnia by 10%
- More than 70% of adult Americans suffer from sleep deprivation
Check out some more quick facts about insomnia in the chart given above. As you can see, lack of sleep doesn’t only affect physical health but takes a toll on mental well-being as well. Other effects of sleep deprivation include:
- Mood changes
- Weakened immune system
- Weight gain
- Decreased libido or sex drive
Not only this, but experts have collected data that shows that insomnia prevalence increases with co-existing medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus and heart disease.
Persistent insomnia is also a risk factor for developing psychiatric disorders in the future. The following graph shows two groups of patients, one with resolved insomnia and the other with unresolved insomnia. Their progress was monitored for a period of one year. The results at the time of one-year follow-up show that the percentage of patients with unresolved insomnia suffer from major depression, anxiety disorders and alcohol abuse.
Can insomnia be cured?
The quickest solution that comes to mind that might help you sleep well is sleeping pills. However, experts say that long-term use of sleeping pills can actually make your insomnia worse. A study at Harvard revealed that cognitive behavior therapy for persistent, chronic insomnia proved to be more effective than prescription medication.
A university student in Pennsylvania started a bakery that specialized in insomnia cookies. Freshly baked cookies, warm out of the oven were delivered at night to students on campus to help them sleep better. There are now over 100 branches of the business across the country.
If you suffer from chronic insomnia or have trouble sleeping, maybe it’s time you consult a sleep expert or ask your primary care physician to refer you to on
e. You can search for a specialist at www.mylivedoctors.com and engage in an online medical consultation! MyLivedoctors is an app to find best doctors online that will instantly connect you with qualified healthcare professionals in your region or anywhere around the world. You can book your doctor appointment online and get a prescription online too. The online doctor app is FREE. Download it on your smartphone or any mobile device and get expert medical advice without leaving home. This online doctor appointment booking system is effective and much cheaper than a conventional doctor’s appointment.
Here are 7 effective sleep solutions on how to fall asleep quicker
1.Increase exposure to daylight
Your body works according to an innate body clock known as ‘circadian rhythm’. A healthy circadian rhythm is maintained by adequate exposure to natural sunlight or bright light during the day. It helps regulate sleep hormones, daytime energy and night time sleep patterns.
2.Avoid caffeine later in the day
Caffeine is a well-known CNS stimulant. It activates the brain, boosts your energy levels and makes you more wakeful. Cutting down on caffeine consumption later on in the day is more likely to help you fall asleep quicker.
3.Avoid daytime naps
Sleeping during the day can affect sound sleep at night. Individuals suffering from chronic insomnia are asked to avoid naps before bed time. Some studies suggest that people ended up being sleepier during the day after daytime naps.
4.Set a comfortable bedroom environment
Your surroundings play an important role in helping you fall asleep. It helps to switch off all unnecessary light emitting sources in the room, such as laptops, TV and cellphones. Make sure the temperature of your room is comfortable enough.
5.Shower/bath before bed
Some experts believe that hot showers or baths help relax the body and mind. It creates a calming effect which helps you sleep faster at the end of a long day.
6.Make sure your mattress and pillow are comfortable
It is recommended that you change your bedding every 5 years. A study revealed that changing to a new mattress considerably decreased back pain, shoulder stiffness and increased sleep quality in about 60% of the participants.
7.Reduce fluid intake right before bedtime
Attending nature’s call in the middle of the night can be really annoying. People often have trouble falling back to sleep once they wake up. To prevent this, it’s best to avoid drinking large amounts of fluids 1-2 hours before bedtime.
Developing good sleeping habits is known as sleep hygiene. It is an integral part of a happy and healthy life. Get help today!
FIND OUT WHAT DEPRESSION IS REALLY ALL ABOUT
When you hear the word depression, gloomy faces and grey memes come to mind. The term is loosely thrown about and terribly misused, greatly undermining the authenticity of this condition. It is often used to describe feelings like occasional sadness, indecisiveness, stress, and fatigue. Depression is not limited to a few emotions or defined by a ‘bad day’. It is in fact, a mental health issue that should be taken seriously and treated accordingly.
What is depression?
Depression, also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression is a mood disorder. It is characterized by and extreme and persistent feeling of sadness that causes you to regress from daily activities. You may lose sense of confidence and self-esteem and lose interest in your surroundings.
According to the American Psychiatric Association, the symptoms of depression must last for at least 2 weeks to receive a diagnosis.
Depression can take several forms and present itself in different ways. You can’t always tell if someone is suffering from depressive symptoms. Sometimes, the symptoms are masked or sub-clinical. Since mental health issues, such as this one is a taboo topic, people tend to hide their feelings and force themselves to show up at social events and gatherings to avoid gossip.
What are the different types of depression?
Each form of depression is slightly different from the other:
- Persistent depressive disorder. In this condition, the symptoms of depression last for at least two years. There may be periods of severe depression followed by phases of less severe symptoms.
- Perinatal depression. Some women experience real ‘lows’ during pregnancy which continue after the birth of the baby as well (post-partum depression). They find it extremely difficult to care for themselves and their babies during this period due to health anxiety and exhaustion coupled with feelings of extreme sadness. Overcoming anxiety by reducing certain stress factors can help manage the condition better.
- Bipolar depression. This term refers to episodes of extreme sadness that meet the criteria of depression, but are associated with alternating episodes of mania, or extreme happiness. This condition in which, an individual may experience spells of both ‘highs’ and ‘lows’ is called bipolar disorder.
- Unipolar depression. Depression without episodes of mania is referred to as unipolar depression. The individual is in a consistent state of sadness.
- Psychotic depression. This type refers to depression associated with psychotic symptoms such as delusions (false beliefs), hallucinations (seeing or hearing something that isn’t really there) or paranoia.
How do you know if you really have depression?
If you have been suffering from the following symptoms for at least two weeks or more, it is best to get evaluated by your doctor or a trained psychiatrist:
- Persistent sadness
- Feeling of emptiness
- Feeling aimless
- Feeling hopeless
- Loss of interest in daily activities
- Becoming unaware of surroundings/environment
- Extreme low self esteem
- Poor self confidence
- Don’t feel like getting out of bed or leaving the house
- May have suicidal thoughts
- Appetite and weight changes
- Low energy levels
How does depression get so bad?
There are several factors that influence or contribute to depression. Some people might plunge into depression due to intolerable circumstances, unforeseen life events, loss of loved ones, ill health, personal or family problems.
For instance, grief is often confused with depression as there are long periods of extreme sadness. You may feel lost and overwhelmed by feelings of hopelessness, but as tough as this phase may be, the intensity of emotions tends to decrease with time. You eventually accept that ‘passing on’ is a natural and unavoidable part of life and learn to move on.
However, if this period of grief lingers and overlaps with other components of depression like feelings of loneliness, guilt and anxiety, over time, it should raise concern and professional help should be obtained immediately. Mounting anxiety can lead to panic attacks which will further increase the depression. It’s a vicious cycle. For beginners, you can see where you stand by taking an anxiety test online. It is a questionnaire which assesses your answers and provides you with a final score at the end. It could be used as a self-evaluation tool at home.
If you think going to your doctor seems like too much of an effort, feel free to contact an online doctor at Mylivedoctors, one of the best medical apps for patients. Download the online doctor app on your smartphone and connect with qualified healthcare providers and specialists in your region or anywhere in the world. Sign up for FREE and gain access to quality healthcare from the comfort of your own home. Look up your doctor on a list and book an tele appointment with doctor right away and get the counseling and guidance you need. You can engage in an online medical consultation through phone calls, video calls, texts or email. Appointments on the phone usually give people more confidence and assurance without having to actually ‘show up’ for them. Mylivedoctors is a safe online space and an effective online doctor appointment booking system that is not only quick and convenient but much lighter on the pocket too.
Another strong associated factor that enhances depression and its symptoms is alcohol consumption. Alcohol and depression go hand in hand when it comes to neglect and misuse. Taken in excess, it turns into a substance of abuse which only worsens the situation. You tend to make bad choices while ‘under the influence’ and will probably regret them later. Intoxication leads to brain damage which will exacerbate the symptoms of depression. Some people even take their anti-depressants with alcohol, which is a BIG no! The alcohol counters the effects of the medicine and makes the symptoms harder to treat.
How do you treat depression?
Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms and how long you’ve had them. The earlier you get help, chances are the sooner you will recover. The mainstay of treatment is medication and psycho-therapy. However, non-medicinal, more natural methods such as exercise and dietary changes may be tried as well.
Antidepressants are commonly prescribed by the doctor and may take 2 to 4 weeks for visible improvement of symptoms. So, don’t be quick to judge and do not stop taking them without doctor’s advice. Most antidepressants are tapered off gradually by the end of the course, which may last from 6 months to a year. Multiple medicines have to be taken during the day and some may cause fogginess and sedation.
Psychotherapy or counselling can be acquired at depression treatment centers or related institutions. A couple of sessions a week, spanned over a reasonable time frame can help overcome self-esteem and confidence issues as well as facilitate social interaction again.
Mental health is just as important as physical health, if not more. Living with depression is not easy. Fight the taboo and be an advocate of mental health in your community. To find out more about mental health, please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
THE DIABETIC DIET THAT WILL NORMALIZE YOUR BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS!
Diabetes is one of the most common chronic health conditions today. It’s always making headlines in the field of medicine in terms of new studies and research. With ongoing developments in treatment and changing guidelines it can be confusing to keep up. Particularly if you’re not regular for your follow-up visits to the doctor. However, not much has changed when it comes to diet. How much sugar is too much sugar? How many fruits a day can you have? Should you eliminate carbs entirely? Are artificial sweeteners safe, and the list goes on.
According to the American Diabetes Association, in 2015, 30.3 million Americans, or 9.4% of the population, had diabetes. This is stark in comparison with a report released this year by the CDC which states that over 100 million US adults are now living with diabetes or pre-diabetes. These figures impose an increasing burden on overall morbidity and diabetes related death.
They say the word ‘disease’ is a misfit or misnomer for diabetes. Diabetes is more of a lifestyle. Small changes in your eating habits can go a long way in controlling blood sugar levels. Let’s go over some basic dos’ and don’ts when it comes to the types of food you put on your plate.
What are the different types of diabetes?
There three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 is an autoimmune condition in which the insulin producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the body’s own cells. This prevents the body from using insulin for glucose metabolism therefore resulting in elevated blood sugar levels. It is also referred to as ‘insulin-dependent’ diabetes. Due to the lack of insulin in the body it must be treated by insulin injections.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 is a metabolic condition in which the pancreas produces insulin but the body’s cells are unable to use the insulin for proper uptake of glucose, a phenomenon known as ‘insulin resistance’. This results in high blood glucose levels, which if remain uncontrolled could lead to organ damage. This is the most common type of diabetes.
This diabetes type occurs during pregnancy (as the name indicates) causing high blood glucose levels during pregnancy that typically return to normal after the baby is born. Women with gestational diabetes are more prone to develop type II diabetes some time later in life.
How do you know if you have diabetes?
The only way to be certain is by getting evaluated by your physician. Certain tests such as HbA1c, fasting and random blood glucose can indicate underlying diabetes. However, there are a few symptoms (common to diabetes) that you can look out for.
The fist warning signs of diabetes are:
- Increased urination (polyuria)
- Increased thirst (polydipsia)
- Increased hunger (polyphagia)
- dry mouth
- increased susceptibility to infection (such as UTI)
- unexplained weight loss
- increased weariness/fatigue
- blurred vision
The early symptoms of diabetes result from a persistently raised glucose level or a pre-diabetic phase. Glucose levels are borderline in the pre-diabetic stage. According to the American Diabetes Association, blood glucose levels should be between 70 and 130 mg/dl before meals, and less than 180 mg/dl two hours after starting a meal, with a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) level less than 7 percent. Sometimes, the initial signs and symptoms can be so mild that you may fail to recognize them. Others are usually diagnosed coincidentally during routine medical follow-ups.
How do you manage diabetes?
It can be an overwhelming to be diagnosed with diabetes, especially for a young individual. Administration of medicines and insulin (in the later stages) can be used to control blood glucose levels, but a recent research study suggests that a low-calorie diet can reverse type 2 diabetes, even six years into the disease!
Losing weight and adopting a more active lifestyle can allow you to live a symptom free, safe and healthy life. Newcastle and Glasgow Universities conducted a trial in which 9 out of 10 patients who lost 15 kg or more put their disease into remission.
Which foods not to eat
- Processed food items and refined sugary products with almost zero nutritional value can expedite diabetes disease process. Here is a list of foods that cause diabetes, or can be considered to raise your risk of diabetes:
- white flour, rice, sugar and other heavily processed carbohydrates
- sweetened drinks with added sugars like sodas, sweet teas and lemonade
- Fried and fatty foods which are high in trans fats
- Butter, full fat milk and cheese which are high in saturated fats
- Red meat and processed meats such as hotdogs and bacon due to high levels of nitrites and sodium
Some foods lie in the grey area. For instance, coffee lovers often worry about caffeine consumption. Coffee and diabetes can play together in a safe zone as long as it is taken in moderation without any added sugar or creamers. Some research studies link the magnesium in coffee to reduced sugar levels. However, other research suggests that caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee may increase the risk of developing diabetes by causing increased blood sugar levels and insulin resistance.
What are the best foods for diabetes?
Fortunately, there are more options of foods that you can eat than those you can’t. They’re delicious and will not only boost your energy levels but make you feel healthier than ever before!
- Fish oil and diabetes is a popular topic when it comes it a diabetic diet. Fish oil capsules contain omega-3 fatty acids that is linked to insulin sensitivity and reduced blood sugar levels
- Quinoa which is rich in fiber and protein makes it an ideal food choice for diabetics
- Whole wheat or whole grain based products like bread, rice and cereal
- Lentils are a super food that contains ‘resistant starch’, a carb that has minimal effect on sugar levels
- Salmon which is great for the heart and can greatly reduce the chance of heart disease and stroke, both of which are potent risk factors for diabetes
- Berries and green leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli and raspberries are rich in anti-oxidants
- Almonds are a great source of magnesium associated with insulin sensitivity
Hope this has helped you map out a strategy for the management of diabetes with a healthier and diabetic friendly diet. If you have any more questions or concerns regarding diabetes, its symptoms and management, talk to an expert online doctor at www.mylivedoctors.com or download MyLiveDoctors, an app to find a doctor on your smartphone for FREE! Look up your doctor and book an tele appointment with doctor and get a prescription online too. Chronic conditions like diabetes can easily be monitored from the comfort of your own home through an online medical consultation. Why wait hours for an appointment when you can get expert medical advice online.
Living with diabetes doesn’t need to be difficult. Eat smart, stay fit and live longer-even with diabetes!
THE FIGHT AGAINST MALNUTRITION !
Did you know that approximately half of all deaths in children under 5 years of age are due to malnutrition? According to a recent survey conducted by UNICEF, this global dilemma is responsible for 3 million young and unfortunate deaths each year! This deteriorated state of children’s nutrition is not only worrisome, it is an emergency. That being said, according to a report published in 2016, the number of children affected fell from 198 million to 155 million showing a positive overall trend. But is this enough?
Malnutrition is considered as a lack of food or is attributed to nutritional deficiencies only. Images of skinny kids with pot bellies immediately come to mind. This is a misconception. Malnutrition occurs when the intake of nutrition is either too low or too high. In other words, poorly balanced. You can over eat and still be undernourished.
Here are the types of malnutrition:
- Undernutrition: when you don’t get the required amount of nutrition
- Overnutrition: when you get more the than the required amount of nutrition (obesity)
See, the more food you stuff your face with doesn’t necessarily mean your diet contains all the nutrients your body needs. More calories don’t equal more vitamin and minerals. Several years of research suggest that Americans suffer from substantial nutritional deficiencies. For instance, the typical American diet lacks plant derived nutrients, vitamin A, E and D, and essential fatty acids. It does contain increased quantities of refined food which leads to leads to obesity or overnutrition, leading to malnutrition.
This article will deal mainly with undernutrition and focus on the causes, signs of malnutrition in children, and malnutrition treatment. Eating well from the beginning will ensure a healthy life in the long run. For more information on obesity consult with online doctors at www.mylivedoctors.com. Or download MyLiveDoctors, a doctor availability app on your smartphone that will instantly connect you to qualified medical professionals from the comfort of your own home.
If you are suffering from obesity and want to lose weight but don’t know how to, professional guidance is always a great way to begin. Find best doctors online at Mylivedoctors and get an online medical consultation regarding your condition. Work out a plan that will help you fight malnutrition and its effects. Online health services are convenient and quicker than the conventional doctor’s appointment. Your online doctor will be able to monitor your progress remotely. Schedule an online appointment with doctor and get regular follow-ups too!
Medical criteria for malnutrition:
The American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and the American Society for Parental and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) have cultivated a standardized set of diagnostic characteristics to identify and document malnutrition. At least two or more of the following six characteristics must be present:
- Insufficient energy intake
- Weight loss
- Loss of muscle mass
- Loss of subcutaneous fat
- Localized or generalized fluid accumulation that may sometimes mask weight loss
- Diminished functional status as measured by hand grip strength
Causes of malnutrition in adults and children
Malnutrition can be caused by various conditions:
- Medical conditions that either cause loss of appetite such as cancer and liver disease or prevent proper digestion and absorption of nutrients such as Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis.
- Dysphagia and odynophagia; difficult or painful swallowing
- Mental conditions such as depression or schizophrenia
- Eating disorders like anorexia nervosa
- Physical factors such as poor dental hygiene, disabilities, ill-fitting dentures etc.
The causes of malnutrition in children are similar to adults. However, medical conditions such as cerebral palsy, congenital heart disease or childhood cancers can lead to a significant decline in nutritional status. Malnutrition due to insufficient intake of food may be rare in the western world, however is the leading cause of malnutrition in developing countries.
An interesting point worth mentioning here is that the youth, especially teenagers, in the west struggle with ideals of a certain ‘body image.’ They are always plagued with perceptions of ‘fitness goals’ and what they consider to be ‘beauty’. Stress eating and eating disorders are on the rise, inevitably leading to malnutrition in adolescents.
Moreover, malnutrition causes a wide array of signs and symptoms, the most common being unexplained weight loss. It can be sudden or over a period of time. Other symptoms of malnutrition include:
- Feeling tired most of the time
- Getting sick more frequently
- Longer recovery time after sickness
- Poor concentration
- Difficulty in keeping warm
- Delayed wound healing
If you have been experiencing any of the above malnutrition symptoms, please don’t brush them under the carpet. It’s a good time to visit your primary physician or use the doctor availability app MyLiveDoctors and book a GP appointment online. A teleappointment with doctor will save you time and money! Gain access to specialists in your region by just a few clicks and you’re good to go!
Signs of malnutrition may sometimes go unnoticed as many of them are non-specific such as dry skin, brittle nails and hair fall. You can take pictures if you notice such signs and send them to your online doctor at MyLiveDoctors for a better assessment.
Malnutrition in children manifests as stunted growth or failure to grow at expected rate for that specific age, discoloration of skin and hair, irritability and sluggishness. Low energy levels as compared to other children and getting tired more easily are also signs to watch for. The effects of malnutrition does not only influences the physicality of a child but hinders mental and emotional growth as well.
Understanding how malnutrition affects child development fosters better management and care. The effects of malnutrition places children at risk for short-term complications such as frequent infections and a weakened immune system as well as long-term complications including stunted growth and weak bones. Cognitive impairments such as learning difficulties, memory deficits and impaired school performance may also occur.
It is safe to say that even the most privileged societies may have underprivileged segments when it comes to nutrition and health. Thankfully, malnutrition can be corrected. For an improved path to wellness you can try the following:
- Make healthy dietary choices. Consume more fruits and vegetables and replace fatty processed foods with lean meat and whole grains.
- Opt for healthy snacks in between meal times such as nuts, granolas, dates and raisins.
- Replace salt with flavorful herbs and spices so you could enjoy your mealtime. Add colorful vegetables to your platter to tempt your taste buds even further!
- Try exercising a couple of times a week. Just take a stroll around the neighborhood. Physical exercise will ensure strong and healthy bones in the long run.
- Plan your weekly groceries ahead of time. Make a list of the fresh produce you want to include and look up interesting recipes. Homecooked meals will always trump those greasy burgers from the fast-food place.
- Nutritional supplements can be incorporated in your routine, be it in the form of pills or energy shakes.
Just remember, to nourish is to flourish. The healthy choices you make today will impact the greater part of your tomorrow!
CAN I USE ONLINE HEALTH SERVICES TO TREAT MY SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE
Online health services like online medical consultations through doctor availability apps are a great way to find best doctors online. Experts say that more than 80% of non-urgent health conditions can be treated online effectively. Sexually transmitted diseases are among many health conditions that need to be addressed as soon as possible. If you don’t have the time or the means to get to a doctor nearby then connect with an online doctor at www.mylivedoctors.com so that treatment can begin.
According to a report released by the California Department of Public Health, more than 300,000 cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were reported. That is 45% higher than what the figures were five years ago.
This may come as a surprise to many as sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are often thought to be prevalent in low-income regions or areas with limited resources. This is clearly not true. Most infections, in the beginning are asymptomatic and can cause serious complications if they remain unchecked. That’s why screening for STDs is so important. It will allow identification, testing and treatment of infected persons as well as their partners.
Some say that the region is afflicted by the stigma and shame associated with STDs. Health and sexual education is still somewhat brushed under the carpet and not taken as a serious issue by the community. Here are some poignant facts you should know about STDs.
What are sexually transmitted infections?
Not all infections are transmitted by sexual intercourse. There are more than 20 types of infections that are, but here are the most common ones.
Some of the most common STDs are:
- Genital herpes
The people of California are mostly affected by syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhea. Health officials stated that they were concerned about the occurrence of stillbirths associated with syphilis. It is transmitted to the newborn baby during birth, a condition known as congenital syphilis. There were 30 stillbirths due to congenital syphilis in California in 2017. This was the highest number reported since 1995.
What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
The following is a list of STD symptoms in both sexes that should not be ignored.
STD symptoms in men:
- No signs at all.
- Itching at the tip of the penis.
- Rash on and around genitalia
- A milky white, yellow, thick or thin discharge
- Pain with urination.
- Pain with ejaculation.
- Painful blisters on the genitals (penile spots/penile bumps)
These symptoms should be taken as male STD warning signs. It would be careless to overlook them.
Signs of STD in female:
- No symptoms.
- Milky white, yellow, or green discharge from the vagina.
- Vaginal itching.
- Blisters in and around the genital area.
- Vaginal rash or rash in the genital area.
- Burning urination.
- Painful urination.
- Pain during intercourse.
Most STDs present with similar symptoms, more or less. Bleeding between periods, painful periods, and abdominal pain with fever can be added to the spectrum of chlamydia symptoms as well. Health officials in California say that chlamydia and gonorrhea rates are highest among individuals under 30. Chlamydia rates highest among young women, and males account for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases.
When do symptoms of STD start?
It really depends on what type of infection you’ve acquired. Chlamydia, for instance, typically starts to show symptoms after 1 to 3 weeks, as is with syphilis. With gonorrhea, it is much sooner i.e. within 10 days. Again, the time can vary greatly. Sometimes, the infection remains asymptomatic for years.
So, if you’re not sure about whether you have an infection or not, it’s best you visit your healthcare provider or simply contact an online doctor at www.mylivedoctors.com. Discuss your concerns in an online medical consultation and use these online health services to book an online doctor appointment for a follow-up too!
You can even go online and search for an STD symptom checker or look up some STD symptom pictures and tally your symptoms there for a clearer perspective. If there’s something you’d like to show your doctor you can take pictures and send them to your online doctor. Online medicine services will enable you to get a prescription online too. Find best doctors online by downloading an app for online doctors called MyLiveDoctors for FREE! This online health service is not only quick and convenient but is lighter on the pocket too.
STDs is a health condition that individuals take personally. An tele appointment with doctor might be a concern with respect to confidentiality and safety. MyLiveDoctors is a safe and secure online space where doctor-patient confidentiality is guaranteed! You will have access to your medical records at all times and can even share them with another doctor if you want. Getting professional medical advice from the comfort of your own home or even on the go has never been easier. Online health services such as this have made it easier for people living in rural or remote areas to get quality healthcare. Online doctor apps like MyLiveDoctors are breaking barriers between doctors and patients in terms of distance and accessibility.
Prevention is better than cure!
Health conditions like sexually transmitted diseases are very much treatable. However, in case of delayed treatment or neglect complications may arise. This just makes it harder to treat and cost of treatment also goes up. Using an online health service like MyLiveDoctors helps you keep track of your health at all times and online doctors ensure you’re getting the treatment you need!
The CDPH Director and State Public Health Officer issued statements that "STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics," They pressed on about the importance of regular testing and treatment for people who are sexually active, even for people who have no symptoms. Most people infected with an STD don’t even know it.
3 EASY WAYS TO QUIT SMOKING
Of the several health scares out there, there is one in particular, which is not only backed by hard core evidence but jaw dropping statistics world over. Despite being the most talked about health concern, cigarette smoking and tobacco use remain the single largest preventable cause of death and disease in America.
If you’re a smoker, you’ve probably read all this before. Sometimes the seriousness of a matter doesn’t really sink in until it’s too late. So, here’s another reminder about why you should quit smoking today!
Tobacco facts and figures you should know!
- Smoking claims more than 480,000 lives every year in the United States
- More than 15 of every 100 adults were current cigarette smokers (2015) in the United States (Current smokers refer to individuals who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime or smoke everyday)
- More than 16 million Americans suffer from a smoking related disease
- Smoking is more prevalent in males (17.5%) as compared to females (13.5%)
- Current cigarette smoking is higher in individuals living below the poverty line
- Individuals experiencing serious psychological stress/distress are more likely to smoke (35.8%) compared to those who aren’t (14.7%)
Burden of tobacco use and smoking related chronic disease in the United States:
Smoking related illness is increasing healthcare costs by the millions, more than $300 billion a year to be precise. $170 billion goes to direct medical care for adults and $156 billion in lost productivity.
Smoking is linked to several chronic health conditions such as:
- Gum disease
- Heart disease
- Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- Reduced fertility
There is a strong association of smoking with several types of cancers:
- Head and neck
These specifics should be convincing enough for any smoker to at least consider quitting. If it’s not, let’s discuss the most common health issue related to smoking. Almost every smoker develops some symptoms of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Do you have any?
Smoking and COPD
Smoking is the number one cause of COPD and a potent trigger for flare-ups. It is a chronic inflammatory condition in which airflow is obstructed in the lungs. Chronic exposure to chemicals, irritants and particulate matter in tobacco smoke results in the inflammation of the lining of the lungs.
Stages of COPD:
The severity of COPD is assessed by determining the how healthy your lungs are. COPD stages are as follows:
- Mild COPD. Individuals may not show symptoms in this stage hence don’t realize that they might have a problem. They may experience occasional bouts of cough with phlegm and slight difficulty in breathing.
- Moderate COPD. In this stage, people begin to seek medical attention due to increased breathing difficulty, frequent coughing with increased mucus production.
- Severe COPD. Lung function has deteriorated considerably by this stage. Individuals find the slightest activity to be strenuous. Difficulty in breathing increases and a wheezing sound can be heard as well. Fatigue and inability to exercise is not uncommon.
- Very severe COPD. This stage is often life threatening. The oxygen supply can become so compromised that individuals may show cyanosis (blue discoloration) of lips, nose and extremities.
3 easy ways to quit smoking!
You never value something good until it’s gone! Don’t take your health for granted. Care for your lungs so they can take care of you. The benefits of quitting smoking can improve your quality of life! Try these tips for help:
- Mark a ‘quit day’ on your calendar and commit! You can’t really prepare or plan for it much. That will just lead to procrastination. It’s like ripping off a band-aid. Just do it!
- Contact your doctor and ask whether nicotine patches would be a good option for you.
- Remember that there is no such thing as just ‘one more cigarette’ after you quit. Keep away from smoker company and take up other activities that you enjoy. Great way to bounce back!
An easy and convenient way of contacting a doctor for expert medical advice would be online. An online medical consultation with online doctors is a great way to treat non-serious medical conditions and health problems without having to wait hours at a doctor’s office. Mylivedoctors is one of the best medical apps for patients that allows people to get treated from the comfort of their own home for basic, everyday health problems that do not require emergency care. Chronic conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure and COPD can be monitored through telemedicine apps such as Mylivedoctors. All you have to do is download the online doctor app on your smartphone or mobile device for FREE and look up your doctor. Book your doctor appointment online and get the answers you’re looking for! For more details please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
DID YOU KNOW THAT CONSTIPATION AFFECTS OVER 4 MILLION AMERICANS
Constipation refers to infrequent bowel movements or passing of stool. Medically it is defined as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week. Whether constipation is acute or chronic, it can be extremely distressing. Did you know that constipation is the most common digestive complaint in the U.S. and that it affects more than 4 million Americans?
The definition of constipation may vary from person to person depending upon what a normal bowel habit may be for that individual. For instance, ‘going’ 3-4 times a week may be normal for you but may not be for someone who goes everyday. However, when defecation becomes tough and stool becomes hard and impacted, that’s when you know you’re constipated.
Along with hard stool, some other symptoms include:
- Straining to go
- A feeling of incomplete evacuation
- Abdominal pain
Here is a picture showing the anatomy of the rectum. The one on the left is a normal rectum that experiences regular defecation with soft stool. Individuals with chronic constipation however, develop a dilated and enlarged rectum due to impaction of large, hard stool.
So, the question is, where do things get stuck? (pardon the pun).
What causes constipation?
There are a number of conditions that result in chronic constipation such as:
- Anal fissure
- Bowel obstruction
- Colon cancer
- Narrowing of the colon
- Rectal cancer
- Spinal cord injury that affects the nerves supplying the rectum and colon
Factors that increase risk for developing constipation
As you can see in the picture above, there are several factors that can influence bowel habits. If you fit into one or more of the categories above, and are experiencing abnormal bowel movements, bleeding or pain while passing stool, you should contact your doctor for further evaluation.
It might be a medicine you’re taking, or maybe your water intake is insufficient. Do you think you move around enough or lead a more sedentary lifestyle? Do you consume a bowel friendly diet? Ask this and more at www.mylivedoctors.com. If you can’t find the time to go to a doctor any time soon, you can get expert medical advice online through a tele appointment with doctor booking system. Download the telemedicine app MyLiveDoctors on your smartphone and gain access to qualified healthcare providers right away! Book your doctor appointment online and engage in an online medical consultation. This is one of the best medical apps for patients that is not only quick and convenient but cheaper too! My Live Doctors provides quality healthcare to individuals living at rural and remote locations. Look up your doctor and get the answers you’re looking for.
How can you relieve constipation?
Your doctor is likely to prescribe a laxative or stool softener to ease the passage of stool. If it is painful, there are topical anesthetics like lidocaine that can be applied around the anus to numb the area. It also helps lubricate the region.
If these things don’t work, there are other steps you can take along with medicines for quicker relief. Here are some home remedies for constipation.
- Increase water intake
An intake of 8-12 glasses of water per day is recommended. Decreased water consumption causes the stool to become dry and hard. To prevent this, it is important to stay hydrated.
- Include more fiber in your diet
High fiber foods such as avocados, whole grains and lentils add bulk to the stool and makes it soft. A study shows that 77% of people with chronic constipation benefited from supplementing with fiber.
Increasing physical activity increases bowel movement. The only way to get things moving is to get going. Literally. A good peristaltic movement is all you need for complete evacuation.
- Drink coffee, tea or other hot beverages
Some people benefit from drinking caffeine, tea or warm milk. It is shown to activate the bowel and trigger an urge to pass stool.
- Prunes and other dry fruits
Prunes for constipation are the way to go. They are not only a great source of fiber, but consist of a natural laxative known as sorbitol. Prune juice is highly recommended. You can also add other dry fruits to it like shown in the infographic below.
Hope these tips help. Constipation may seem non-serious, and most of the time it is. But it can really stress you out at times and cause complications in the long run if not managed timely. You know what they say, when the going gets tough, the tough geAt going! So do just that!
5 OF THE MOST RIDICULOUS FAD DIETS YOU’LL COME ACROSS
So summer is almost here, and you know what that means right? FAD diets are going to be filling your newsfeed! A FAD diet is a diet that is only popular for a certain amount of time. They vow to shed maximum weight in the shortest time. While it may sound promising, it’s not always the healthiest option to go for.
With the rising trend of people googling weight loss hacks, they’re likely to come across ‘quick fixes’ and promotions endorsing ridiculous drinks and crash diets. Instead of searching for diets you can search doctor availability apps for online medical consultations with online doctors that can guide you to a healthier way of life and safer diet plans for weight loss.
Let’s take a look at some of the quirkiest FAD diets out there!
- The Drinking Man’s Diet- How to Lose Weight with a minimum of will power
There are so many things wrong with the title alone! Losing weight is just as much a mental challenge as it is a physical one. A 50-page paperback published back in the 1950s endorsed that a high protein, high fat and low carb diet would help men preserve their ‘masculinity’. Not sure what that implies. While cutting down on carbs does help you lose weight, it’s important to know the difference between good and bad carbs.
Healthy carbs include natural forms of carbohydrates like fruits and vegetable. Brown flour, rice and sugar should replace the white counterparts. Such FAD diets may give you results, but can also come with a list of unwanted side effects.
- The Beverly Hills Diet
Published in 1981, it was popularly promoted by actors and other celebrities. A lady named Judy Mazel with no formal science or nutrition background opened a diet clinic in Beverly Hills and sold a diet that helped her lose weight. Judy’s book sold a million copies despite receiving criticism from doctors and other qualified professionals. They couldn’t accept her theory that weight gain is caused by undigested food that gets ‘stuck’ in the body. Lady, that’s called constipation! Seems like things haven’t changed much in the past 30 years or so. The weirdest things went viral back then too!
If you come across a weight loss diet plan that interests you, consult your doctor before you begin or you could contact an online doctor with the online doctor app Mylivedoctors. Download the online doctor app on your smartphone or mobile device for FREE and instantly and find best doctors online for expert medical advice.
- Sylvester Graham’s Diet
So that’s where graham crackers come from! Mr. Graham was a minister back in the 1800s that had some sort of spiritual awakening and proclaimed the stomach as ‘the helpful minister of your body’. His dietary principles were derived from his interpretation of the 10 commandments which somehow translated into carbs and meat causing ‘over-stimulation’ that ultimately led to immoral behavior. Strange but true. Despite stating that this diet could prolong life up to 100 years, he died at 57.
Being a wealthy businessman, clearly Fletcher had no idea how to put his money to better use. He came up with a theory that food was to be eaten in a ‘good and hungry’ state. How do you define good though? A good state for one may not be for another- so this was an obvious drawback in this theory. But here’s the catch. Fletcher said that in order to lose weight you had to chew 100-700 times before swallowing and solid food had to be spat out! Today we know that chewing aids digestion of food so yes you should chew your food as much as you can but spitting it back out is just absurd!
- Liquid Diets
One of the first meal replacement drinks was concocted in 1930. It consisted of starch, milk chocolate, whole wheat and bran and was to be consumed at breakfast and lunch. This paved a way for a much profitable industry, that is still very much prevalent today. Liquid supplements for children, the elderly and hospitalized patients is applicable an understandable, but they can’t be used to completely replace meals. Nutritionally balanced? Maybe. Practical solution for weight loss? No, not entirely.
The cabbage soup and ‘juicing’ diets are among popular liquid diets too. Advertising a 10-pound weight loss in a week is a high-set bar! If you’re a sucker for rapid results then go ahead and try it. It is likely to cause fatigue and weakness though-like most shortcuts! Life gives you enough lemons as it is! So, make lemon juice and burn off the heat instead!
These diets are still very much prevalent today in different forms with different names. FAD diets often leave out key foods and therefore may cause the following signs and symptoms:
If you think you’re suffering from any of these side effects after following a diet plan contact your doctor immediately or connect with one at Mylivedoctors an online doctor app that you can download on your smartphone for FREE. It’s a quick, safe and convenient way to get expert medical advice from the comfort of your own home or even on the go!
Instead of wasting your time with 10, 15-day weight loss ‘solutions’, make it a lifestyle. You know it’s not going to work anyway. Have everything in moderation. Fill your picnic basket with some graham crackers and cheese, a healthy whole wheat sandwich and juice it down at the beach!
Before beginning any diet plan, make sure you discuss it with your doctor or licensed nutritionist. You can visit www.mylivedoctors.com and instantly connect with a Board-certified specialist!
KIDNEY DISEASE CAN BE A SILENT KILLER
A complex functioning machine, such as the human body, that works around the clock and produces a lot of waste as well. Your body must not only rid itself of unwanted substances and toxins but must retain and reuse the necessary components as well. The kidneys are nature’s filtration system. Without adequately functioning kidneys, you basically die unless you go on dialysis or get a renal transplant.
Kidneys remove unwanted waste products and excess fluid from the blood which then exit the body in the form of urine. Through this process, your blood is kept in a state of balance.
Most cases of kidney diseases and disorders (or renal disease) happen to be discovered during routine doctor visits. When an individual does not yet show symptoms, the disease has most likely just begun i.e. it is fortunately in the early stages. However, basic lab investigations may show some red flags. For instance, raised urea and creatinine levels bring concern which are then pursued further by additional, more specific tests.
If you need a second opinion for a particular lab result, an online doctor is a great option. Download Mylivedoctors, an online doctor app and book your online doctor appointment right away. Upload your lab results and get that second opinion from the comfort of your own home. It beats the hassle of the waiting room and long commutes for medical advice.
More advanced cases of renal disease may present with evidence of abnormal kidney function such as high blood pressure, swelling of ankles or generalized swelling of the body, or blood in your urine. Even something as common as nausea can be an underlying indicator of kidney disease. Once a general physician picks up signs and symptoms specific to kidney disease, the patient is best referred to a kidney doctor or nephrologist for further treatment. Finding out the underlying cause, duration and severity of disease is crucial for further management.
In order to better understand the changes the body goes through on encountering common kidney problems, here is a list of the signs and symptoms that most often occur with kidney disease:
- increase in the urge to urinate
- decreased urination
- swelling around ankles and in feet
- itchy and/or dry skin
- foamy urine (with bubbles)
- blood in urine
- back pain
- troubled sleep
- puffy eyes
- reduced appetite
- muscle spasms/cramps
Pain, swelling and changes in urination may be indicative of enlarged kidneys. Although relatively uncommon, these symptoms should not be taken lightly. Enlarged kidneys may be caused by stones, tumors, radiation, polycystic kidney disease, or abscess formation around the kidney.
Types of kidney disease
There are broadly two types of kidney disease based on disease duration. This is the simplest categorization of kidney disease which will help you gain a better understanding of the disease process.
- Acute kidney disease/failure:
This is a sudden downward spiral of kidney function over a matter of hours to days. Five percent of all hospital admissions and 30% of ICU admissions are also found to be in acute renal failure. Renal injury results in an immediate rise of kidney enzymes such as urea and creatinine in the blood. If you have been experiencing unexplained and sudden outbursts of nausea, vomiting, malaise or feel disoriented, it might not be the occasional upset stomach.
It’s always better to get it checked out. Go to the Emergency Department with anything urgent. For non-urgent symptoms you can always contact an online doctor at www.mylivedoctors.com and look up a kidney doctor. Book a tele appointment with doctor and receive an online medical consultation. It is a quick and convenient way to get treated for basic medical problems without having to go to the doctors office.
- Chronic kidney disease:
Up to 20 million Americans are affected with chronic kidney disease. That is about 1 in 9 adults! There is progressive loss of kidney function over a period of month to years. Greater than 70% of the cases are attributed to Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension (high blood pressure). Whatever the cause of impaired kidney function, most symptoms arise from secondary complications. For instance, difficulty in concentrating, subtle memory changes, restless legs, weakness and altered sensation in the limbs can develop as the disease progresses.
The treatment of kidney disease, whether it is acute or chronic, mostly relies on symptomatic management and treatment of the underlying condition. The aim is to slow the progression of disease and assist the body towards recovery. After diagnosing the underlying cause, a long list of different medications are likely to follow suit. Steroids, diuretics, phosphate binders and calcium based agents are just a few of the conventional drugs that are used based on the particular diagnosis.
Dialysis or renal transplant are opted for in life-threatening situations or when the kidney disease spirals down to the point of no return.
Since chronic kidney disease is largely irreversible, however certain lifestyle changes, particularly pertaining to diet have to be made. It is best to get evaluated by a nutritionist. Find an online nutritionist through www.mylivedoctors.com.
Here are some foods to avoid with kidney disease:
- Protein based foods such as eggs, meat, poultry and fish should be removed from the diet. Research suggests that protein restriction slows the progression to end stage renal disease. The amount of protein intake and restriction should be carefully calculated prior to beginning treatment.
- Salt and water. In the advanced stages of kidney failure, the kidney is unable to manage fluctuations of sodium. Increased sodium levels will lead to swelling, high blood pressure and may even lead to congestive heart failure.
- Potassium rich foods. Dates, bananas, green leafy vegetables should be avoided. Ask for a detailed list of potassium content of foods and limit their intake.
- Phosphate rich foods such as dairy products, eggs and meat should be taken cautiously.
Other lifestyle changes can be made to your routine may also go a long way in the recovery process. Here is how to cure kidney disease at home or at least how to prevent kidney disease:
- Try to keep your blood pressure below 130/80mmHg
- If you are diabetic, keep your blood sugar within the required range
- Incorporate exercise into your daily routine
- If you smoke, quit immediately
- Don’t use supplements or herbal medicine without consulting an expert first
Kidney disease can go unnoticed for months and even years. Educate yourself and learn to listen to your body. Get your annual physicals. Don’t take your health for granted!
HOW ONLINE HEALTH SERVICES CAN HELP WITH STROKE REHABILITATION
A stroke can limit your physical abilities and that’s why recovery and rehabilitation is extremely important in the following days. Online health services can provide the constant help and support you need post-stroke. You can find doctors online to help you map out a recovery plan. You can keep in touch with them to monitor your progress as you go along.
A stroke attacks the center of human function; the brain. It strikes when you least expect, without any warning. Online health services like online medical consultations can go a long way in helping you cope with disabilities and understand the whole process.
According to the WHO, 15 million people suffer a stroke worldwide each year and all of them may not have access to quality healthcare. Online health services such as online doctor apps allow such people to access healthcare professionals from the comfort of whatever their surroundings may be.
Of these, 5 million die, and another 5 million are permanently disabled. In the United States alone 700,000 people suffer a stroke each year and Europe follows not too far behind with about 650,000 per year! Although rehabilitation cannot reverse the brain damage, getting help through online medicine services can help cope with the disabilities that may ensue and ensures a better quality of life long term.
So, what causes a stroke? A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is cut off. Whatever the underlying reason may be, oxygen is prevented from reaching the brain cells and they begin to die. Depending upon the area of the brain that is affected, loss of cells means loss of function.
- Here is a quick summary of how a stroke can affect different body functions depending on the part of the brain that is damaged:
- Right brain: paralysis on the left side of the body, loss of memory, disturbed vision
- Left brain: paralysis on right side of body, loss of memory, speech and/or language problems
- Front of the brain (frontal lobe): loss of or altered emotions, behavioral changes, inability to solve simple problems, loss of attention and concentration
- Back of the brain (occipital lobe): loss of vision and visual processing
- Brainstem stroke: affects breathing and consciousness, heart rate and sleep cycle
- Cerebellar stroke: loss of balance and coordination
- Thalamic and basal ganglia stroke: may exaggerate certain movements, tremors, loss of coordination
- Spinal stroke: caused by loss of blood supply to spine
The leading causes of stroke usually follow certain pre-existing medical conditions that increase the chances of getting one. Following are some major risk factors for stroke.
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
If you have diabetes, learn how you can control it through diet alone. The effects of obesity alone can be detrimental. Learn how to cut down on calories or how to quit smoking at www.mylivedoctors.comThe underlying pathophysiology of stroke affects stroke management and helps categorize it.
Here are 3 types of stroke:
- Ischemic stroke: This is the most common type and occurs when a blood vessel supplying the brain is obstructed. Research suggests that if a thrombolytic or ‘clot breaking’ drug is given within 3 hours of a stroke it reduces the chances of long term disability by 80%.
- Hemorrhagic stroke: This occurs when a vessel supplying the brain ruptured and bleeds into the brain substance. A vessel could rupture due to an aneurysm or more commonly due to high blood pressure.
- Transient Ischemic Attack: More commonly known as a ‘mini stroke’ is a temporary blockage of a supplying blood vessel. They act as ‘warning strokes’ and shouldn’t be ignored.
Brain stroke symptoms
The manifestation of stroke symptoms may vary from person to person but there are certain warning signs that one should know and look out for in case of emergencies.
The American Stroke Association has come up with a very smart acronym i.e. “FAST”. The term itself is a subtle indication that one must not only act fast but that time is of essence when it comes to the first aid management of stroke.
FAST stands for:
- F-ace drooping
- A-rm weakness
- S-peech difficulty
- T-ime to call 911 (or any other emergency service)
Early warning signs of stroke in women are pretty much the same as the above but some studies suggest that sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding, severe headache, blurred vision, trouble in walking or loss of balance and coordination also occur. Of course, these symptoms are not exclusive to women, but have generally been seen to co-occur. Stroke treatment, recovery and rehabilitation
After a stroke has occurred and is relevantly managed in a tertiary care center with appropriate medication and investigations, the next step is perhaps the most crucial in the recovery process i.e. stroke rehabilitation. Various disabilities such as partial or complete paralysis/weakness, altered sensory functions, pain, emotional disturbances all should be dealt with patience and care. As high an incidence that stroke has with a person dying from it every 4 minutes in the United States, it is surprising to see the lack of awareness.
People are increasingly making unhealthy lifestyle choices such as leading more sedentary lifestyles, consuming fatty fast food, resorting to processed and packaged items and subjecting children to refined sugary items on pretty much a daily basis. Lack of exercise will ultimately lead to problems like high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, diabetes and obesity all of which are morbid risk factors for stroke.
Even when one is mindful of these facts, it is the non-adherence and failure to implement a healthy lifestyle and change in routine and eating habits that continue to pose as imminent threats. Using a doctor availability app like Mylivedoctors will help you find best doctors online to guide you towards a healthier way of life. Download it on your smartphone for FREE and instantly connect to expert healthcare professionals. Book your doctor appointment online and enjoy a confidential consultation from the comfort of your own home.
Mylivedoctors is an extremely convenient online health service that is quick, safe, ensures patient-doctor confidentiality and is lighter on the pocket as compared to a conventional doctor’s appointment! Remember that more than 80% of strokes can be prevented! We need to act today for a healthier tomorrow.
Meta: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is cut off. The effects of a stroke can limit physical activity depending upon the type of stroke. Warning signs of stroke include drooping face, arm weakness and difficulty speaking.
FIND DOCTORS ONLINE TO HELP YOU FIGHT OBESITY!
Obesity is the next ‘big’ thing, and not in a good way! Find a best doctors online to not only help you shed the excess weight but keep it off for a healthier life ahead. To put things into context, worldwide obesity has tripled in the past 40 years or so. According to a report released by the WHO, ‘most of the world’s population live in countries where overweight and obesity kill MORE people than malnutrition’. That is unbelievable!
What’s the difference between being overweight and obese?
The terms overweight and obesity are often used synonymously, without realizing that there’s a slight distinction. Both conditions refer to abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Then how do you know which category you belong to?
How do you measure your body fat?
Well, a standardized formula known as BMI or body mass index of weight-for-height is used has been devised to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is calculated by using a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2).
BMI is used all over the world and is the most useful indicator of overweight and obesity for adults since it is the same for adults of all ages. For adults:
- overweight is a BMI greater than or equal to 25
- obesity is a BMI greater than or equal to 30
For children however, age is another factor (in addition to weight and height) that is used for classification purposes. Pediatricians all over the world use child growth standard charts and tables developed by the WHO. They are used to assess the growth pattern in children under 5 years of age and those from 5-19.
Getting into the normal BMI range is extremely important to avoid and prevent obesity-related complications such as heart disease and stroke and diabetes. For expert medical guidance download Mylivedoctors, an online doctor app and find doctors online to help you get your health back on track! Look up your doctor on the panel of qualified healthcare professionals and book an online doctor appointment today! The best part is that it’s FREE!
What are the causes of obesity?
Obesity is not an illness or a disease. It is a condition or a state that you bring upon yourself most of the time. The most common cause of obesity is the obvious; eating too much and lying around on the couch all day waiting for your food to digest itself.
Consumption of high amounts of energy i.e. food comprising mostly of fat and sugar is bound to take a toll on your health. Most of the extra energy that isn’t used up or excreted from the body is stored as fat. Obesity occurs across every age, race and sex. It spares no one.
There has been a steady rise is in obesity prevalence over the past few decades. Initially it was thought that overweight and obesity were rampant in high income and developed populations, but research suggests that obesity occurs in low income urban populations as well.
Besides overeating, other factors that contribute to obesity are:
- Genetics. This is a topic of debate among experts, but some say that you are likely to be prone to obesity if your parents are obese. Genetics also plays a role in managing hormones that regulate fat metabolism. For instance, certain genes are responsible for leptin deficiency. Leptin is a hormone that is found in fat cells and placenta. It signals the brain and tells it to ‘eat less’ when the body has sufficient fat reserves. Inadequate production of leptin fails to provide this inhibitory response to over-eating resulting in weight gain.
- Medication. Most common medicine that causes weight gain is that for diabetes (insulin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones) that are used to lower blood sugar levels. Antidepressants, anti-convulsants and hormones such as steroids, oral contraceptives also contribute to weight gain.
- Sedentary lifestyle. People who remain inactive and don’t burn as much calories as they consume are going to gain weight due to surplus fat deposition.
- Psychological factors. Some people resort to stress eating and succumb to their emotions and allow them to navigate their eating habits. Excessive eating is common in situations such as boredom, depression, and anger, a phenomenon often referred to as ‘binge eating’.
- Hormonal imbalances. Diseases which are hormone dependent usually lead to weight gain. Common conditions include Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, insulin resistance and polycystic ovary syndrome.
What are the symptoms of obesity?
Battling obesity and even being overweight can be a daily challenge. Gaining weight not only affects your body but threatens your strength, potential and power. Here are some obesity symptoms that one may experience on a day to day basis:
- Increasing fatigue
- Shortness of breath
- Increased sweating with minimal activity
- Inability to bear sudden physical activity
- Joint pains especially in weight bearing joints such as knees and back
- Low self-esteem and low level of confidence
The signs of obesity become evident as soon as the first couple of pounds are gained. Unfortunately, once the effects of obesity are put into motion, they become part of a vicious cycle. Routine tasks become increasingly difficult and the pounds continue to pile up.
Are there any side effects of obesity?
Yes! Suffering from overweight symptoms initially then transitioning into obesity can be catastrophic for the human body and mind! The changes that come with this evolution can go unnoticed amidst all the other problems on the surface. A few conditions that can cause harm to your health are:
- Hypertension or high blood pressure
- Hypercholesterolemia or high cholesterol levels
- Coronary heart disease
- Stroke and paralysis
- Musculoskeletal disorders such as osteoarthritis
- Cancers such as liver, gall bladder, ovarian, and breast
The risk of these diseases increases with higher BMIs. In a report released by WHO, obesity is causing a ‘double burden of disease’ in low and middle-income populations. Countries which already suffer from malnutrition and infectious diseases are experiencing an increase in overweight and obesity as well. Undernutrition and overnutrition now co-exist in the same communities.
How can you get help?
The first step to helping yourself is to accept that you have a problem. Self-assessment can serve as an important tool for self-healing. If you feel lost and have no clue where to start, feel free to find doctors online, ask questions and receive expert medical advice from online physicians at www.mylivedoctors.com. There’s no better day than today to take charge of your health!
Waking up with a groggy head and stuffy sinuses can be the worst way to start the day. Hopefully, your illness is self-limiting but before we go into some natural remedies, let's first understand what we are dealing with here!
According to the CDC, 5-20% of the population is infected with the flu every year in the United States. To note, flu outbreaks are especially severe in the winter months. The flu virus, also known as the influenza virus attacks your respiratory system. It affects the sinuses, nose, throat, and lungs. Depending upon the severity of the illness, the flu can typically last anywhere from 5-14 days. It can linger on in people with compromised or weakened immune systems.
What causes the flu and how is it spread so fast?
It is almost impossible to escape the flu as all it takes is for someone to sneeze next to you. The most common mode of transmission is inhalation of airborne droplets. They can also be picked up from touching different contaminated objects such as the phone, keyboard or currency bills. People tend to be contagious even before the symptoms begin. The influenza virus is a smart one. New strains emerge every year and can pose as a challenge for the body’s defense system. Previously formed antibodies generated by the annual flu shot may help lessen the severity and duration of the disease.
The most common flu symptoms are:
- Runny nose
- Nasal congestion
- Body ache
If you have any of the above symptoms and can’t make it to a doctor’s office, find best doctors online and get your flu treated from the comfort of your own home. Download a doctor availability app, Mylivedoctors on your smartphone and instantly connect to an online doctor. You can even get a prescription online for your flu.
Complications of the flu:
You may suffer only just a minor cold and rarely need hospitalization. If the symptoms don’t get better within a week and instead are draining you further, the flu may be progressing to complications such as sinusitis, pneumonia, ear infections, or bronchitis. You may experience:
- Increased difficulty in breathing
- Fever accompanied by chills
- Discharge from ear
- Productive cough often with thick green mucus/phlegm
- Chest pain may occur
- Increased pulse
Who is more likely to suffer from complications?
Most people completely recover from the influenza virus or flu within 15 days. Some individuals, however, are more susceptible and can develop complications. For instance:
- Children (6 months to 4 years)
- Adults above 65 years
- Immunocompromised patients
- Individuals with pre-existing lung conditions such as COPD
- Pregnant women
How effective is the flu shot?
The advent of the flu vaccine was groundbreaking in terms of efficacy considering how expansive the influenza virus is worldwide. According to the CDC, getting a flu shot can reduce the chances of catching the virus by 60%. Having said this, this figure varies every year and ideally applies to healthy adults. The effectiveness of the flu shot is affected by several factors:
- Age. The vaccine isn’t as efficient in children less than 3 years and adults over 65 years of age. The CDC now recommends a nasal spray vaccine for healthy children 2 years and above and a high dose flu vaccine for the geriatric population.
- Overall health. Vaccines interact with certain cells of the immune system so that they can recognize the virus once it attacks. Weak immune systems are less likely to respond to the vaccine, but research suggests that the flu shot reduces hospitalization of those suffering from chronic illnesses by 70%.
- Matching of the vaccine with the influenza strain. As mentioned earlier, the virus emerges as a new sub-type each year hence the vaccine must be altered and updated every year as well. The efficacy of the flu shot depends upon its accuracy.
Can the flu be treated at home?
When calling in sick is not an option at work and your morning coffee doesn’t wake you up, a couple of basic kitchen ingredients can help you kickstart your day! It can save you that trip to the Doctor’s.
- Ginger. Everyone has some ginger lying around in the kitchen. Just chuck a couple of chunks of ginger into boiling water. This concoction really is as simple as it sounds. Among the many benefits of the ginger root such as being anti-cancerous and helping in weight loss it also acts as a potent anti-inflammatory substance. In addition to this, its antimicrobial properties make it an ideal flu-fighting agent.
- Honey. Very well known for its ‘cure-all’ nature, honey does wonders for the flu. It possesses antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that not only fights viruses but bacteria and fungi as well. A sore throat is instantly relieved as honey lines the inside of the throat.
- Citrus fruits. Vitamin C is abundantly found in citrus fruit such as oranges, lemon, green leafy vegetables, and even chili peppers. It’s a powerful booster of the immune system. Adding a few drops of lemon juice to your tea will soothe your respiratory tract and relieve nasal congestion.
- Saline water. Whip up some salt water for washing out that stuffy nasal cavity. Add a couple of pinches of baking soda and salt to about 8 ounces of warm water. Use a syringe to wash out your nose by keeping one nostril closed while squirting the mixture through the other. You’ll immediately be able to breathe better.
- Mint leaves. This is an herb that has been used for centuries for indigestion, weight loss, and flatulence. When added to tea or boiled with hot water it can also help to cope with the distress that the flu causes. It is famous for the soothing effect it has on the respiratory tract. Combine it with a dash of cinnamon to increase its anti-inflammatory response.
Sometimes you do need to talk to a physician though. Treatment of milder flu symptoms and prescription drugs can possibly be prescribed by an online doctor. Book a tele appointment with doctor with the Mylivedoctors app. For more details check out www.mylivedoctors.com.
WHAT IS A SINUS INFECTION
How can you tell whether you have a cold or a sinus infection? Well, it depends on how long certain symptoms last. A runny nose, puffy eyes and headache are typical of a common cold or flu. If you’re not up and about in approximately 2 weeks, the congestion has most likely infected your sinuses.
Did you know that sinusitis is one the most prevalent human conditions? About 1 in 7 of the US population is affected by the chronic form of the disease! The word ‘infection’ sounds scary and serious. It can be, but not if it’s diagnosed and managed on time.
What do the sinuses do exactly?
Sinuses are air-filled cavities within the skull. They perform a variety of important functions such as:
- They lighten the skull
- Improve voice and help in voice resonance
- Help filter the air through the nasal passages by producing a thin lining of mucus
- Add moisture to the air in the nasal passages
- Act as buffers against facial trauma
Where are the sinuses in your head?
The sinuses are hollow, air-filled cavities inside the skull that are interconnected. There are four pairs of sinuses:
- Frontal sinus (front part of forehead)
- Maxillary sinus (behind the cheekbones)
- Ethmoid sinus (in between the eyes)
- Sphenoid sinus (behind the eyes)
There is another sinus called the ‘cavernous sinus’ within the human head and comprises of blood instead of air. It is a venous sinus in the brain and carries several important cranial nerves and arteries. Infections from the face have the potential to reach the cavernous sinus through intricate connections between it and the smaller blood vessels in the face.
Is a nasal and sinus infection the same thing?
A nasal infection occurs when the nasal sinuses become infected, inflamed and swollen. So yes, it is essentially the same thing. Some experts say that even though a cold isn’t a primary cause, it does serve as a potent breeding ground for a sinus infection. Bacterial contamination occurs from the constant rubbing and wiping of the nose with your hands. Since the sinuses are stuffed and congested with mucus, they are unable to drain. Hence, they have no choice but to harbor the bacteria.
What causes sinusitis?
Sinus infections are usually caused by viruses and generally attack the upper respiratory tract. It begins with symptoms that are similar to a cold. In some cases, bacteria or fungi (rare) may cause a sinus infection as well. Other conditions that may augment sinus pain include:
- Nasal polyps
- Tooth infections.
In fact, the sinus infection-toothache combo can go both ways. Pre-existing tooth infections can contribute to sinus pain or sinus inflammation and swelling can cause toothache. The upper pre-molars and molars are seen to be affected due to their close proximity with the sinuses.
Symptoms of a sinus infection
Most physicians are in agreement that the presence of facial pain, nasal discharge and congestion are necessary to diagnose a sinus infection. Acute sinusitis can last up to 4 weeks whereas chronic infections can last up to 12 weeks!
Other symptoms include:
- Pain and pressure in the forehead and behind or in between the eyes. Pain is one of the primary symptoms of sinusitis is usually associated with a feeling of heaviness or weight in the head. Swelling and inflammation of the sinuses can refer pain to your upper jaw, teeth and even ears.
- Headaches are a common feature of sinus infections resulting from the pain and pressure. They can be throbbing, dull or pulsating in nature. Often worse in the mornings due to the overnight accumulation of mucus.
- Difficult breathing. Nasal congestion involves swelling of the nasal passages preventing the influx of air. The sense of taste and smell are also affected in some and your voice may acquire a ‘stuffy’ tone.
- Irritation of the throat caused by post nasal dripping. Most commonly seen at night when the fluid trickles from the nasal passages into the throat. It can be a real nuisance and provoke coughing, possibly compromising your sleep as well! Your throat may feel goaded with a pins and needles sensation. That’s the worse!
- Hoarseness of voice is caused by the continuous prodding of post nasal drip. The throat can become scratchy and affect your ability to phonate or speak resulting in a husky pitch.
- Bad breath or halitosis may also occur due to the bacteria.
If you have any of the above symptoms consult a doctor or connect with an online doctor and get help from the comfort of your own home or even on the go! Download a best online physician app like Mylivedoctors on your smartphone and sign up for FREE! This doctor availability app will Instantly connect you to a panel of qualified medical professionals. Read patient reviews and choose one that you think can help you best. An online medical consultation is a quick and convenient way to treat basic health problems like sinusitis without having to step into a doctor’s office.
What is the best way to treat a sinus infection?
There isn’t a one-for-all treatment for sinusitis. It involves multi-management. Acute infections sometimes referred to as the ‘sinus cold’ are treated with a simple course of antibiotics. Chronic cases however may warrant the following measures to alleviate discomfort and pain:
- Nasal decongestants open up the nasal passages by reducing inflammation and swelling. They should be used no longer than a few days as its effects can ‘rebound’ and swelling may recur. Nasal sprays, steroid and saline sprays are also recommended.
- A thorough sinus rinse or sinus irrigation with saline solution will clear the airway and help you breathe better. Saline solutions are available for this purpose and can be administered by a syringe.
- In case of allergy associated sinusitis, antihistamines can be useful by calming the runny nose and watery eyes
- Applying warm packs or hot sponging the face can have a soothing effect on the sinus pain and liquify the mucus so it can drain from the nasal passages.
- Surgery is the last resort if the symptoms don’t seem to be resolving. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) may be recommended by your physician. It is a procedure in which an endoscope (tiny wire-guided camera) is inserted inside your nose and mucus is drained from your sinuses.
if your symptoms don’t seem to be improving and you have queries feel free to seek expert medical advice online at www.mylivedoctors.com.
The next time you have the allergies, a cold, or sinusitis, remember the 3 Ws:
W- wait it out
W- water it
W- wave it goodbye!
USE THIS APP FOR HEALTHCARE SOLUTIONS TO TREAT YOUR FOOD POISONING
Did you ever get sick immediately after eating? An app for healthcare solutions is a great way to get expert medical advice from the comfort of your own home. Whether it was take-out or something you whipped up from left overs, puking up a meal is anything but pleasant.
What is food poisoning?
Food poisoning is an illness caused by consuming contaminated food hence also called ‘food-borne illness’. The most common causative agent is a bacteria known as E.Coli. In fact, it is a normally lives in the gut of a healthy human but sometimes can cause illness like diarrhea and vomiting when found outside the human body. Other causes of food poisoning include:
- Viruses (most common being norovirus)
The number of cases of food poisoning is alarming in the United States alone considering American produce is among the safest in the world. According to the CDC, 48 million people fall victim to food poisoning each year and up to 3000 die of food borne illnesses. If you have a stomach ache, better consult a doctor immediately. A quick and convenient way to contact a doctor is by using an app for healthcare solutions like Mylivedoctors. Download it on your smartphone for FREE and find best doctors online to help you with your problem. This online doctor appointment application allows you to skip the waiting room and is lighter on the pocket too.
How is food contaminated in the first place?
The production, processing, packaging and storage of food comprises of many stages and contamination can occur at either one by:
- Improper washing of food
- Improper cleaning of hands before washing
- Incomplete cooking meat, poultry etc.
- Improper storing of food at the wrong temperature
- Leaving the food out too long before storing
- Insufficient re-heating of food before eating
- Cross contamination of food
- Unpasteurized milk
- Raw, uncooked processed food have a higher chance of contamination
How long does food poisoning last?
A typical case of food poisoning can last from 24 hours up to a couple of days or even weeks. The duration and symptoms vary according to the type of food poisoning. For instance, salmonella poisoning, caused by eating undercooked meat and raw eggs can last a week. A norovirus infection on the other hand may last only 2 days.
What are the symptoms of food poisoning?
Food poisoning causes a variety of signs of symptoms. Most of the time, signs of food poisoning are self-resolving but serious infections can cause graver symptoms. The common food poisoning symptoms include:
- Diarrhea (may contain blood or mucus)
- Abdominal pain
- Muscle aches
- Loss of appetite
When should you see your doctor?
Prolonged illness may cause the symptoms to worsen. If you’re suffering from the following symptoms seek immediate medical attention:
- Excessive and repeated vomiting
- Unable to tolerate fluids
- Severe dehydration (dry tongue, confusion, increased heart rate, sunken eyes)
- Decreased urination
- In case of pregnancy
- In case of pre-existing chronic conditions such as IBD
- In case of weak immune system
- Geriatric population
If you’re unable to go the doctor immediately then get an online medical consultation through an app for healthcare solutions. Find doctors online and discuss your medical problem on live video call. The online doctor will be able to assess you better by observing you on video. If you require more aggressive treatment the doctor will advise you to seek it at a nearby medical facility.
How to treat food poisoning?
A typical case of food poisoning can be dealt with at home to achieve swift and complete recovery. Most cases do not require specific treatment. Frequent episodes of vomiting and diarrhea can cause the body to lose a lot of water and important minerals such as sodium, calcium and potassium. Rehydration is the mainstay of therapy.
Points to keep in mind for immediate food poisoning treatment are:
- Take plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
- In case of intolerance, frequent sips of water or sucking on ice chips may help
- Oral rehydration solutions (ORS) will help maintain water and electrolyte balance
- Take small, light, semi-solid meals when you feel hungry. Bananas, toast and rice are good options
- Avoid greasy, fried and sweet food
- Rest when you can. Maybe take a day or two off from work
Medication and hospitalization:
Sometimes medicines have to be taken to control symptoms as well. For instance, pills to reduce nausea and relieve uncontrollable diarrhea may be prescribed. Do not self-medicate as some drugs induce diarrhea and nausea. Seek advice from your physician first. You can even consult top online doctors and receive expert medical advice at www.mylivedoctors.com.
Antibiotics may also be prescribed by your doctor for severe symptoms associated with bacterial infections that fail to resolve with home-based food poisoning remedies. For instance, food poisoning caused by listeria requires hospital admission and intravenous injection of antibiotics.
There is no one for all food poisoning cure per se, but the methods explained above can help alleviate the signs symptoms and provide immediate relief. Food poisoning can cause a great deal of discomfort and lethargy and getting through the day may be difficult. Indulging yourself with a good book or tv show can help distract you and pass the time. Ask a friend to come over and keep you company.
How do you prevent food poisoning?
Everyone knows prevention is better than cure, and it is. It is always better to exercise caution and ensure proper hygiene while handling food. Little things like thorough hand washing and appropriate cleanups can reduce chances of contamination by many folds.
Here are some ways to prevent food contamination:
- Properly cooking food all the way through, particularly meat, poultry and eggs. Use a meat thermometer to measure the internal temperature of the meat and ensure that the required cooking temperature has been achieved
- Immediate refrigeration and storage of leftover food. This will prevent the growth of bacteria and viruses in the food when left out as warmer temperature is a contributing factor for contamination
- Raw fruits and vegetables should be washed thoroughly before eating. Rinse well with water to remove extra dirt, pesticides, toxins or other infectious agents on the surface
- Clean counters and other kitchen areas that are used to assemble, clean and prepare food. For example, cutting boards and knives should be washed after every use. This will reduce chances of cross contamination
- When eating out make sure you order well cooked food. Not all restaurants maintain the same standard of hygiene or cooking
You know what they say, eat clean and live clean. Treat your food with respect and it will respect your body!
4 RED FLAGS OF BREAST CANCER
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer (excluding skin cancer) among women worldwide. It is the second leading cause of cancer death in women in the U.S. and the median age at diagnosis of breast cancer for most women is 68 years. This median age seems to be younger for black women as compared to white women.
The importance of breast cancer awareness and screening cannot be emphasized enough. Health organizations are more focused on fostering awareness campaigns, workshops and mobile screening camps. The overall rates of breast cancer have declined by 39% between 1989 and 2015. This can be attributed to improvements in treatment, periodic screening and early detection and diagnosis by mammography, but is this enough?
Breast cancer has been a social taboo for ages, inflicting women with both physical and mental agony. The information provided here will hopefully increase your understanding of breast cancer. For first hand info about breast cancer contact an online doctor at Mylivedoctors by downloading the FREE Android app for online doctors. It doesn’t have to run in the family, get screened no matter what.
What is screening?
Screening refers to the detection of breast cancer before symptoms occur. Just because your doctor has advised a screening test does not mean you necessarily have breast cancer. In fact, it is a precautionary measure, which helps in early recognition of disease. If abnormal cells or tissue are discovered during screening, it has the potential to be eradicated completely with treatment. By the time symptoms occur, the disease has often spread and invaded other parts of the body. In this condition, the cancer becomes aggressive and difficult to treat.
Different types of screening tests:
- History and physical examination. A proper and detailed patient history is essential to any evaluation. The information that you provide about your present health condition, family history and past medical history will help the doctor navigate the next step of management.
A physical exam checks you for general and specific signs of ill health. A quick head to toe overview is done first, then the breasts will be examined for any signs of breast cancer such as lumps, thickening, skin discoloration, tenderness and asymmetry. It is a careful manual examination of the breast, done by the doctor in the presence of a female staff member or attendant. Experts suggest that you should have a breast examination done by a health professional every year.
Even though women often discover lumps or abnormalities by breast self-examination, sometimes certain signs can be missed. What may seem ‘normal’ to you will be picked up much faster by an experienced doctor.
- Laboratory investigations. Routine tests such as, blood tests and urine samples may indicate abnormalities, which could point in the direction of a cancer diagnosis.
- Mammography. A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast. It detects abnormal breast tissue. There are two types of mammography i.e., films screen and digital. Both methods are effective for screening. Diagnostic mammography, on the other hand, focuses on specific areas of concern resulting from a previous suspicious screening or presence of lump. Mammography is not painful, but may be an uncomfortable experience.
- Breast MRI. Magnetic resonance imaging is a more detailed imaging technique used for women, who have a higher risk of developing breast cancer based on family history and other risk factors. It is also used for a further detailed evaluation of a suspicious area, found on mammogram and for monitoring disease recurrence after treatment.
Which signs and symptoms to look out for:
The most common and initial sign of breast cancer is a breast lump. Most of the time it is a coincidental discovery. A lump isn’t always well-defined. Sometimes it appears as an area of thickening or hard mass. Pain is not a usual feature of a cancerous lump or swelling, but it is better to get it evaluated anyway. This is where, the importance of self-examination comes in, because a lump is not always seen and might be felt instead.
When should you see your doctor?
Please visit your health care provider as soon as possible, if you note the following:
- Change in size or shape of breasts. One might become lower or larger than the other.
- Change in texture of skin. Look for dimpling of skin.
- Change in skin color. The skin may become orangey or red and warm (in case of inflammation)
- Nipple discharge. Any unusual discharge may be alarming.
According to cancer research studies, 90% of lumps are benign i.e. they are not cancerous. However, this does not mean you should exempt yourself from getting assessed. Prevention is better than cure. If you notice something abnormal and want to consult a doctor immediately then online health services is a great option. Find doctors online on a doctor availability app and book your tele-appointment with doctor right away.
What are the risk factors of breast cancer?
If you have one or more of the following risk factors, that does not necessarily mean you will contract the disease, but may increase the possibility of getting it. On the other hand, women without risk factors should not free themselves of the responsibility of getting checked.
- Increasing age
- Inherited genetic mutations responsible for breast cancer (BRCA-1, BRCA-2)
- Early menarche (before 12 year of age)
- Late menopause (after 55 years of age)
- Hormone therapy
- Oral contraceptives
- Family history
- Previous treatment with radiation for another illness
- Excessive alcohol consumption
If you have any of the risk factors mentioned above, it will probably raise concerns. Please do not hesitate to seek help from a healthcare professional. If you feel uncomfortable having a face to face conversation with your doctor about it, visit www.mylivedoctors.com or download Mylivedoctors, an app for healthcare solution on your smartphone and contact an online doctor instantly! You can communicate with them over the phone, via texts or email. This might give you the boost of confidence you need to get evaluated. Cancer is serious and it should never be taken lightly especially when there are means to prevent it.
Raise questions and discuss your fears openly. Be breast aware and support the cause by purchasing breast cancer awareness merchandise like breast cancer bracelets, t-shirts, pink ribbons and badges. Participate in breast cancer walks, and other charity events. Let’s fight this together!
WHAT IS DOWN SYNDROME?
Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal disorder. According to the CDC, 1 in 700 babies are born with Down syndrome in the United States! Also known as Trisomy 21, it is a condition caused when a baby develops an extra copy of the 21st chromosome while in the mother’s womb.
Here are some established Down syndrome facts you may not know about.
- About 6000 babies are born with Down syndrome each year in the United States
- According to the WHO a Down syndrome baby is born in every 1000-1100 live births
- There are 3 types of Down syndrome, the most common being Trisomy 21. The other two are mosaicism and translocation. Whatever the type, they all have an extra copy of the 21st chromosome
What causes Down syndrome?
It’s known as a chromosomal disorder because that’s where the abnormality occurs. Each cell in the body consists of 46 chromosomes, 23 (or half) of which come from each parent. In Down syndrome, the affected individual has an extra (or partial) copy of chromosome 21. The DS chromosome results in the manifestation of certain physical and mental traits that vary from person to person.
There aren’t many causes of Down syndrome besides genetic mutations that occur during the developmental phase of a baby. However, the only other risk factor that is thought to increase the risk of having a Down syndrome baby is maternal age. Women older than 35 years are more likely to have a baby with Down syndrome but because of the higher birth rate in younger women, around 80% of Down syndrome babies are born to women under 35 years of age. There is no definitive research indicating a link between Down syndrome and environmental factors.
How is Down syndrome inherited?
Contrary to the fact that DS is genetic, it is not completely hereditary i.e. it is not passed on from parent to child. In fact, only 1% of all cases have a hereditary component. Trisomy 21 and mosaicism cannot be inherited, but the translocation type can be passed on from parent to child tracing back to the mother or father. About 5% of cases have been traced back to the father. The chances of Down syndrome recurring with a father carrier is about 3% compared to 10-15% with a mother carrier. Genetic testing can be done to find out the origin of the Down syndrome gene.
How do you diagnose Down syndrome?
Since Down syndrome is the result of a genetic mutation during the developmental phase, while the baby is still in the mother’s womb, certain prenatal tests are carried out. This process is called screening. Blood tests and ultrasound are used for prenatal screening tests that estimate the chances of having a Down syndrome baby. These tests are not definitive, they only provide a probability and come with a 1% risk of causing a spontaneous miscarriage. CVS is usually performed in the first trimester and amniocentesis in the second.
If you feel confused or have concerns about pregnancy or Down syndrome or maybe need a second opinion, an online medical consultation is a great option. You can look up your doctor and book your doctor appointment online with an online doctor app. It’s a quick and convenient way to get expert medical advice without having to go the doctors’. A second opinion can really put your mind to rest and help make you a more informed decision in terms of how you want to carry your pregnancy forward.
Signs and symptoms of Down syndrome
There are certain Down syndrome symptoms and signs that are characteristic to DS. Such individuals have distinct physical features and health conditions that place them into the DS box. Mental and cognitive ability varies from person to person. Some may present with normal intelligence and cognitive function while other less so.
Some physical traits of DS include:
- Upward slanting eyes with (epicanthic) skin folds on the inner corners
- Small/short stature
- Short neck
- Flattened bridge of the nose
- Low muscle tone
- Single palmar crease
Having said this, these traits can also appear in individuals without DS, so a definitive diagnosis can only be achieved through ‘karyotyping’ or chromosomal analysis. This is done through a blood test in which chromosomes are lined up according to number, shape and size. Doctors can diagnose DS by analyzing the karyotype.
Unfortunately Down syndrome may come with its own set of complications. Some babies with DS have congenital heart defects. The DS life expectancy for children with heart defects is not great. They are found to be five times more likely to die within the first year of life compared to infants who do not have a heart defect. Research shows that around 75% of children with DS are more likely to suffer from hearing loss and eye disease compared to those without DS.
As far as cognitive ability goes, some may exhibit mild-moderate intellectual disability but this can greatly vary. Children with Down’s often show signs of developmental delay which means they tend to reach developmental milestones a little later than their peers. For instance a child with DS may:
- Sit at 11 months
- Crawl at 17 months
- Walk at 26 months
- have delayed speech
Such children may need speech therapy to help them with language and expression skills. There may also be problems with attention, behavior, judgment and poor gross and fine motor skills.
Can Down syndrome be treated?
There is no specific treatment for DS, however early screening and diagnosis is recommended. Early intervention can help minimize the disabilities and maximize the person’s potentials and prepare them for community integration.
The society has a huge role to play in accepting individuals with DS with an open mind. It is not a disease it is a condition. Children with DS need to be encouraged in schools and be given fair opportunities. Special educators, Physicians, speech therapists, and occupational therapists can all help.
If you have a child with DS and are looking for professional medical help, download the online doctor app Mylivedoctors and connect to an qualified healthcare provider from the comfort of your own home. This doctor availability app allows you to look up your doctor on a panel of established medical professionals and tele appointment with the doctor without having to wait hours in a doctor’s office. For more information go to www.mylivedoctors.com.
WHAT AND WHAT NOT TO EAT WHEN YOU HAVE DIARRHEA
Hunger pangs aren’t the only thing that make your stomach grumble. Leaving a meeting half way through or storming out of class can be outright embarrassing. But you know what they say, ‘when you gotta go, you gotta go! So, was it something you had for dinner last night? Perhaps the morning coffee didn’t quite sit well this time. Whatever the reason, diarrhea can be a pain in the butt! No pun intended.
This article will focus on the foods that cause diarrhea and how to stop diarrhea. Before we get into the depth of things, let’s start with the basics. Medically, diarrhea is defined as ‘loose, watery stools or a frequent need to have a bowel movement.’
What causes diarrhea?
Diarrhea usually lasts for a couple of days. A cramp here and there and it’s gone before you know it. No or little intervention is required. In other words, it is self-limiting. Depending on how long it lasts, diarrhea can be classified into two types; acute and chronic.
- Acute diarrhea is when the condition lasts for a couple of days (typically less than a week). It may be due to a viral or bacterial infection-comes and goes-nothing serious. Frequent travelers often experience upset stomachs (or Delhi belly) as their exposure to different bacteria and parasites is high. A condition often referred to as ‘traveler’s diarrhea’.
- Chronic diarrhea can last up to four weeks or more, generally indicating a more serious underlying cause like intestinal disorders that usually require further investigation. Irritable Bowel Syndrome or Inflammatory Bowel Disease, such as Crohn’s disease are common causes of chronic diarrhea.
Diarrhea can make you lose a considerable amount of body water and electrolytes, even in a few days. It’s extremely important to keep yourself hydrated during this time. If the diarrhea persists for a longer time, you may experience abdominal pain, cramping, bloating and may feel feverish as well. Later on, signs of dehydration such as increased thirst, lightheadedness, dry mouth and decreased urination may begin to appear. If you feel increasingly tired and lethargic, it’s better to contact your doctor as soon as possible or can find doctors online by downloading an app for healthcare solutions on your smartphone or mobile device. An online medical consultation can help treat the diarrhea and you can even get a prescription online. The sooner the treatment begins the better.
Diarrhea in children
The most common cause of diarrhea in children is the rotavirus. According to a recent study, diarrhea associated deaths in the United States appear to be increasing in recent years. An average of 369 diarrhea-associated deaths occurred annually among US children aged 1 to 59 months.
Young children and babies can become dehydrated in just one day. They become irritable, sluggish, develop sunken eyes and dry mouth. They may cry without tears and you may notice a depression or a sunken area in the middle of the head, also known as a ‘sunken fontanelle’. You should take your child to the emergency room if the diarrhea persists with fever or occurs with blood or pus.
Pediatricians often get asked about ‘green diarrhea’, particularly by anxious first-time parents. No, it’s not because the baby is cold (myth). Typically, there is nothing to worry about. Green stool is in fact a common stool color change and is caused by the presence of bile pigments which are normally present in stool. Diarrhea moves the food so quickly through the gut that the intestinal bacteria aren’t able to break down the pigments, preventing the stool from attaining its normal brown color. Green vegetables and foods that contain green food color can also cause the stool to turn green.
For expert medical advice connect with a pediatrician online with a doctor availability app like Mylivedoctors and ask about your child’s health condition. Find best doctor online through video call so your child can be evaluated for any visible signs of dehydration. In case of a fever you’ll be prescribed medication to help with that or called in for more extensive testing.
So how do you deal with an unexpected stomach bug? It really depends on how long you’ve been suffering from it and what the cause is. The first line treatment for diarrhea is aimed at replacing lost fluids. Just focus on drinking lots of water and if the diarrhea continues for more than a week, start consuming electrolyte replacement drinks/beverages. You should be able to get them easily at your local drug store. Sometimes, intra-venous fluids must be administered in case of dehydration to restore water and electrolyte imbalance. To be on the safe side, prolonged diarrhea warrants a visit to the clinic. It is best to consult your physician as antibiotics may have to be prescribed to eliminate any infection.
Various medications are used to treat individuals who suffer from chronic conditions like IBS. Anti-spasmodics, anti-motility agents and low dose antidepressants help control most symptoms.
Foods to avoid
Diarrhea treatment involves small but pertinent diet and lifestyle changes which can really help change the course of the disease process. There are a number of foods that exacerbate diarrhea and should be avoided:
- Spicy food
- Raw vegetables
- Milk and dairy products
- Coffee and other caffeinated/carbonated drinks
- Fried and greasy food
Foods to eat
If you happen to encounter diarrhea in the morning and can’t afford to be late for work, grab a banana or munch on some toast before heading out. These foods won’t aggravate the digestive system. They act as ‘binders’ and will augment diarrhea treatment by firming up the stool.
Here are some other foods that stop diarrhea fast or have shown to give quick results:
- Cooked cereal
- Soda crackers
Remember to stay hydrated. You can take other liquids besides water as well such as:
- Clear broth
- Coconut water (without added sugar)
- Sports drinks (they contain electrolytes)
- Mild teas and herbs
There is a reason they say, ‘prevention is better than cure’. It’s less of a burden to stop something from happening than to repair the damage after it has happened. Here are a couple of quick pointers that can help prevent diarrhea:
- Be more vigilant and frequent in cleaning the washing and cooking areas.
- Immediately refrigerate cooked food after heating
- Use bottled water while vacationing
- Avoid raw food while dining out
- Wash hands well
- Use sanitizer when out
The next time your gut tells you something isn’t right, listen to it! For more information please visit www.mylivedoctors.com
BOOK AN ONLINE DOCTOR’S APPOINTMENT TO RELIEVE ALLERGY SYMPTOMS IMMEDIATELY
Symptoms like runny nose and nasal congestion can be annoying and difficult to cope with. You might want to book an online doctor’s appointment to treat the allergy from the comfort of your own home before it gets out of hand.
What is an allergy?
An allergy is a hypersensitive immune response to a foreign substance such as dust, pollen, an insect sting or pet fur. Some people are even allergic to certain foods/food products. The material that causes or triggers an allergic reaction is known as an allergen. Many allergens are harmless and do not affect most people.
Allergies are more common than you think. According to research, allergies affect between 10-30% of the population worldwide. In fact, sensitization to common allergens are increasing. When a person comes in contact with an allergen the body gradually builds up sensitivity to the substance before initiating a response. As it becomes sensitive to the substance, the immune system starts making antibodies to attack it. This phenomenon is known as sensitization.
For instance, sensitization rates to one or more common allergens among school children are currently approaching 40%-50%. Booking a tele appointment with doctor might give you a head start in treating your children’s allergies. Moreover approximately 13% of people 18 and over in the U.S. have sinusitis. Is sinusitis and allergy the same thing? Not essentially but having allergies can influence a sinus infection and symptoms can overlap. Symptoms that are common to the flu, sinus infections and allergies can be confusing. Even though the symptoms are similar, treatment options may differ depending upon the underlying cause.
Some people have seasonal allergies which usually peak between April and May, just as Spring begins as the pollen count in the air is much higher.
An allergic reaction mainly causes inflammation and irritation of the affected region. An allergy may affect the airway, the gut, skin, eyes, sinuses or nasal passages. Here are some common allergens and relative symptoms.
Pollen or dust
- blocked nose
- itchy eyes and nose
- runny nose
- swollen and watery eyes
Allergies may be confused with other condition such as conjunctivitis or pink eye. You might be asking yourself ‘how to tell the difference between allergies and pink eye’?. Even though both conditions have symptoms that ae common to both, there are certain signs that are unique to each as well.
- Swelling of the tongue
- Shortness of breath
- Tingling sensation in the mouth
- Stomach cramps
- Blood in stool
- Swelling of lips and mouth
Food allergies to certain nuts, dairy and certain fish are common in children. It’s extremely important to inform your child’s school and caregivers about these allergies.
Bug bite/Insect sting
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling and redness at site of sting
- Itchy skin
- Sudden drop in blood pressure
- Chest tightness
- Skin rash
- Swelling of lips, tongue and face
- Anaphylactic shock in severe cases
The onset of allergy symptoms are triggered by antibodies, particularly IgE that is released in response to a foreign substance. The IgE antibody is released to combat the allergen and also causes the production of other chemicals like histamine that trigger the allergic reaction and symptoms such as tightening of the muscles in the airways and production of mucus by the nasal passage.
Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that escalates quickly and can even be life threatening if not attended to immediately. It must be treated as a medical emergency. Research suggests that the airway and skin are most affected in an anaphylactic reaction.
Let’s take a look at some red flag signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis.
- Hives all over the body
- Itching and redness of body
- Burning sensation of skin
- Shortness of breath and wheezing
- Blue tint to the skin due to lack of shortage of oxygen
- Sudden drop in blood pressure
- Abdominal cramps
- Dizziness and fainting
In case of such an event, call your local emergency number immediately. If you are unable to contact a medical professional at that time, connect with an online doctor through an online doctor app called Mylivedoctors. Download it on your smartphone for FREE and sign up. It’s a quick and convenient way to get expert medical advice wherever, whenever.
To treat, observe and get refill prescriptions online you can book an online doctor’s appointment with the online doctor app and receive online medical consultation without having to step into a doctor’s office.
How do you treat allergies?
The obvious and most simple way to treat an allergy would be to avoid the allergen that triggers the reaction altogether. However, sometimes that’s not easy to do and in some instances, you may not even know what the allergen is. For instance, dust and pollen constantly float in the air, more so during spring. How can you avoid that? What you can do is use appropriate protective gear such as masks. If you are exposed to chemicals at work, wear gloves and protective goggles too.
Your doctor may prescribe certain medicines to help relieve allergy symptoms such as:
- Antihistamines. These block the action of histamine. Should be used with care in children.
- Decongestants. These open up the airway and provide short-term relief of symptoms.
- Anti-leukotrienes. Leukotrienes are chemicals that are released during an allergic reaction. These medicines block their action and help with symptom relief.
- Steroid sprays. Provide quick relief by opening up the nasal passage.
A lot of people look towards natural remedies to relieve allergy symptoms. You can use natural ingredients in addition to meds to achieve a soothing effect.
Immunotherapy refers to exposure to small doses of an allergen of a period of years to slowly hyposensitize your immune system. This type of therapy rehabilitates the immune system and creates a long-term tolerance to the foreign substance.
There is no way to really prevent an allergy. However, you can use this knowledge to limit and treat one for sure. For more information on allergy-like symptoms, please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
online doctor’s appointment,
FIND DOCTORS ONLINE TO HELP TREAT YOUR VOMITING
‘Unless you puke, faint or die, keep going!’ Or find doctors online to help you! Throwing up can catch you off guard and weaken you in the moment, so much so that it’s likened to losing consciousness or death. Also known as emesis, vomiting refers to the process of involuntary and forceful expulsion of gastric (stomach) contents through the mouth and sometimes nose. Sometimes you ‘don’t feel too good’ or ‘feel like vomiting, but nothing comes out’ before you actually throw up, a symptom strongly associated with vomiting known as nausea.
Vomiting is a symptom that is common to most illnesses and occurs in various conditions such as, pregnancy and migraines. Find best doctors online with a doctor availability app to diagnose the cause of vomiting. Online medicine services are quick, convenient and cheaper too!
Vomiting should not be confused with regurgitation or acid reflux (as it often is) in which there is a backflow of undigested food from the stomach, up the esophagus and into the mouth minus the force and discomfort associated with vomiting. Self-induced vomiting is exercised by individuals that suffer from eating disorders such as, anorexia nervosa and bulimia.
Why do we vomit and what causes it?
Some experts say that vomiting is a protective mechanism of the body. It is a reflex that is prompted by various stimuli that trigger the vomiting center of the brain. The brain then sends signals back to the organs that set the reflex in action. There are chemicals in the brain known as neurotransmitters such as dopamine, histamine and serotonin that regulate the vomiting cycle.
A recent study suggests that nausea and vomiting may have protective effects during pregnancy against adverse fetal outcomes. The effects of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) was examined on rates of miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations, prematurity and developmental achievements. It was concluded that the protective effect of NVP was more prominent in women with mild or moderate vomiting, compared to those with little or none.
However, throwing up isn’t always this good-natured. Here are other possible causes of vomiting:
- Gastroenteritis (Tops the list as one of the most common causes in adults, usually associated with abdominal cramps and diarrhea)
- Motion sickness i.e. nausea and vomiting associated with traveling
- Migraine/severe headaches
- Labyrinthitis or inner ear infection (causes dizziness, nausea and vomiting)
- Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) (The side effect of anesthesia)
- Chemotherapy and radiotherapy
- Opioid painkillers
- Kidney stones and kidney infections
- Excessive alcohol consumption (alcoholism)
- Brain tumors
- Milk allergies
And the list goes on!
What causes green vomit?
When your vomit is green, it is usually suggestive of throwing up bile. Bile is a green colored
digestive fluid that is produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile may occur in vomitus on an empty stomach or in bile reflux. Bile reflux may cause abdominal pain, frequent heartburn, vomiting, nausea and an infrequent cough, hence the condition is often confused with ‘heartburn’. Vomiting bile can damage and cause distress to the lining of the stomach and esophagus. Bile reflux can also cause yellow vomit as well. ,
For expert medical advice find doctors online at www.mylivedoctors.com and discuss your health concerns with them. Or you can download the doctor availability app Mylivedoctors on your smartphone for FREE and avail an online medical consultation from the comfort of your own home!
Can vomiting be dangerous?
Vomiting can sometimes require emergent medical attention, particularly in case of:
- Excessive and frequent vomiting i.e. more than 3-4 episodes per day
- Voluminous vomiting (in large amounts)
- Lingering illness such as, gastroenteritis and food poisoning
- Blood in vomit also known as ‘hematamesis’ may be caused by stomach ulcers, ruptured blood vessels or can indicate a form of cancer as well
Complications of vomiting:
The most obvious complication of vomiting is dehydration. Vomiting doesn’t only expel food, but fluids as well. The signs of dehydration become evident in individuals who suffer from persistent vomiting. Vomiting may lead to following complications:
- Dry mouth
- Sunken eyes
- Dry skin
Malnutrition is also a complication of vomiting that results from the inability to keep down solid food causing the body to lose out on nutrients. Prolonged illnesses and pre-existing conditions can lead to this state. Such cases may require hospital admission and administration of nutrients via intravenous injections.
If you feel like your condition is not improving and you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, contact your primary healthcare physician or find doctors online and share your concerns.
How to treat vomiting?
The first step of management depends on the underlying cause. Occasional vomiting requires little or no intervention, except hydration of course. Whatever the cause, staying hydrated is the most important element of treatment. Other treatment strategies include:
- Avoid solid foods. Go for clear liquids and semi-solid lighter food options so the stomach can tolerate
- Avoid greasy and fatty foods
- Consume oral rehydration salts and electrolyte replacement beverages
- Anti-nausea and antiemetics prescribed by your doctor help reduce vomiting episodes
- Herbal teas and warm beverages may provide a soothing effect
- Rest as much as poss
What triggers vomiting?
The nature, duration and intensity of vomiting really depend on the cause and associated medical conditions. However certain triggers of vomiting can be avoided by adopting a healthier lifestyle. Examples of such stimuli are:
- Exercise right after eating
- Lying down right after eating
- Spicy food
- Lack of sleep
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Unfamiliar smells/odors
Is there any way to prevent vomiting?
Making small changes in your everyday life can help you prevent vomiting to a great extent:
- Daily walks
- Portioned meals
- Increased water intake
- Catch a quick power nap during the day
- Go to bed early at night to ensure you have received the recommended 8-10 hours of sleep
- Avoid binging on junk food and alcohol
- Go for healthier and lighter food choices like, veggies with your choice of dip and natural juices
- Alcohol can be consumed in moderation
Anything in excess can disturb the natural equilibrium of your body. ‘Health is wealth’ so be mindful of your body and take care of it. It’s the only place, you have to live!
WORKOUT AN ASTHMA ACTION PLAN AT MY LIVE DOCTORS
What is asthma?
Asthma is a condition in which the airways become inflamed and narrow. They swell and produce extra mucus which It makes it difficult to breathe. Periods of recurring wheezing (whistling sound on breathing) occurs along with chest tightness, shortness of breath and coughing. It’s important for individuals with asthma to have an asthma action plan to manage their symptoms throughout the year as well as during an emergency. You should discuss it with your doctor or book a tele appointment with doctor online for professional guidance.
Before we get into the details of asthma here are some fun facts to note.
- The number of people with asthma are increasing every year in the U.S.
- 1 in 12 (25 million) people have asthma
- Asthma cost the US about $56 billion in medical costs, lost school and work days, and early deaths in 2007
- More than half the people with asthma tend to have an asthma attack, more children than adults
What happens during an asthma attack?
For a better understanding of asthma, you need to understand how the airways work. Airways are hollow tubes that allow the exchange of air into and out of the lungs. In asthma, these airways become inflamed, swollen and sensitive to inhaled substances. The muscles around the airways tighten as a result of this sensitivity narrowing the tube and making it difficult for air to pass through. The cells within the airways start producing excess mucus and swelling becomes worse further worsening the situation.
Signs and symptoms of asthma
Asthma signs and symptoms can vary from mild to severe. For some people it might just be a minor issue while for others it can be very serious and affect daily activities. Some common signs and symptoms include:
- Coughing. Coughing is often worse at night or early in the morning, making it hard to sleep.
- Wheezing. Wheezing is a whistling or squeaky sound that occurs when you breathe.
- Chest tightness. This may feel like something is squeezing or sitting on your chest.
- Shortness of breath. Some people who have asthma say they can't catch their breath or they feel out of breath. You may feel like you can't get air out of your lungs.
Mild asthma symptoms usually get better with treatment by asthma medication. Moderate or severe symptoms might take longer to treat or may even worsen causing a severe asthma attack. Acute asthma attacks are also called flare-ups or exacerbations.
If you experience these symptoms it doesn’t necessarily mean you have asthma, but it also doesn’t guarantee you don’t. To make sure contact your doctor as soon as possible or make a tele-appointment with doctor with the online doctor app My live doctors. Online medical consultations are not only quick and convenient but they save time and money too!
Signs of worsening asthma
- When asthma symptoms become more frequent and bothersome
- Increased breathing difficulty
- Using inhaler more frequently
When should you see a doctor?
When asthma symptoms become severe it can cause an exacerbated asthma attack, in which case it can be life threatening. Signs of an asthma emergency include:
- Rapid breathing
- Worsening shortness of breath
- No or little relief of symptoms after using inhaler
- Shortness of breath during minimal activity
You should talk to your doctor about what measures you should take in an emergency asthma attack when your symptoms worsen and when you need emergency treatment. Online health services can help you connect to online doctors with a few clicks on your smartphone. Telemedicine apps like My live doctors can provide online medical consultation and work with you to devise an asthma action plan that you can use during an emergency.
Sometimes asthma symptoms flare up in particular situations such as exercise (exercise-induced asthma), at work if you’re exposed to harsh chemicals or irritants (occupational asthma) or when it’s triggered by allergens such as dust/pollen (allergy-induced asthma).
What causes asthma?
There are several triggers of asthma or things that can worsen asthma symptoms when you come into contact with them.
- Allergens from dust, animal fur, cockroaches, mold, and pollens from trees, grasses, and flowers
- Irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, chemicals or dust in the workplace, compounds in home décor products, and sprays (such as hairspray)
- Medicines such as aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and nonselective beta-blockers
- Sulfites in foods and drinks
- Viral upper respiratory infections, such as colds
- Physical activity, including exercise
Asthma signs and symptoms are triggered by different things for different people and they react differently too. Your doctor will help you find out some of the triggers. Sometimes asthma symptoms are mistaken for allergy symptoms. Find doctors online for quick relief of allergy symptoms.
How do you diagnose asthma?
Diagnosis of asthma is based on a detailed history and examination of patient. The only way to confirm the diagnosis however is to check how your lungs are working by getting Pulmonary function tests. These tests measure the amount of air you breathe in and out and how fast you can blow air out. It also detects how your airway reacts to certain exposures.
To effectively control asthma you will need to team up with your doctor to manage asthma symptoms. There are certain points to note in asthma management:
- Extensively work with your doctor to manage symptoms and other conditions that may interfere or influence asthma management
- Avoid allergens or triggers that may illicit an asthma attack or worsen symptoms
Asthma is treated with short-acting or ‘rescue’ medication that provide quick relief of symptoms and long-acting medication that are taken over a longer period of time.
Short-acting medications include
- Ventolin inhalers which are quick to open the airway and act within minutes to relieve asthma symptoms
- Ipratropium or Atrovent inhalers which are also bronchodilators and work quickly to relax the airway.
- Oral/Inhaled steroids are used for severe asthma symptoms.
- Long-acting medication include:
- Inhaled steroids and Beta agonists, both of which reduce inflammation and need to be used days or weeks ahead of an asthma attack to ensure maximum benefit. Beta agonists should be used in combination with steroids.
- Leukotriene moderators are taken orally and help relieve asthma symptoms for up to 24 hours.
While there is no cure for asthma, it can be managed effectively enough for it not to hinder daily life activities. Just follow doctor’s orders monitor your symptoms, pace yourself and stay healthy. For more information or professional guidance please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
FIND DOCTORS ONLINE AND KEEP A CHECK ON YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE WITHOUT GOING TO THE HOSPITAL
Do you know, what could happen with uncontrolled high blood pressure? High blood pressure is a deadly disease, which is not easy to control for many. A recent study demonstrates that only 54% of all adults with high blood pressure or hypertension actually have it under control. Are you part of the statistics for uncontrolled hypertension? If you answered yes then visit your doctor as soon as possible or find doctors online to get treated and learn how to manage it! Let us talk a little bit more about that. Are you concerned about your disease? Do you know, it is one of the major causes of heart disease and heart attacks? It can also lead to debilitating complications like stroke, vision loss and kidney failure.
What is blood pressure anyway?
Blood pressure refers to the force exerted by blood in the blood vessels. When the pressure exerted against artery walls becomes too high it may eventually cause health problems such as heart disease and chronic hypertension. How high your blood pressure goes depends on the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries
Let’s put this into perspective. Normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury (mmHg), but hypertension is higher than 130 over 80 mmHg. A high diastolic blood pressure i.e. over 90 mmHg can be life threatening. Broadly speaking, high blood pressure or hypertension is preventable. Your dietary habits and lifestyle play a huge role in keeping blood pressure within a normal and healthy range. Find doctors online and book a tele-appointment with doctor and receive guidance as to how you can make healthy lifestyle choices and prevent this dangerous condition.
Hypertension is a growing health concern all over the world. Approximately 85 million people in the U.S. alone have high blood pressure. Monitoring and keeping a check on your blood pressure readings is important! Since there are mobile apps out there for everything now, download My live doctors, an online doctor app which not only connects you to online doctors but provides online health services like blood pressure monitors and logs where you can record daily blood pressure measurements and share with your doctor too!
What causes high blood pressure?
There are two types of hypertension:
- Primary hypertension. Also known as essential hypertension, this type has no underlying or identifiable cause. It tends to develop slowly and gradually over many years.
- Secondary hypertension. As the name indicates, this type is caused by an underlying condition. It usually occurs suddenly and various conditions such as stress can cause it. Other common causes of secondary hypertension include:
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Kidney problems
- Adrenal gland tumors
- Thyroid problems
- Certain defects you're born with (congenital) in blood vessels
- Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescription drugs
- Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
What are the risk factors for high blood pressure?
Since hypertension is hugely preventable there are certain risk factors that increase the likelihood of getting high blood pressure.
- Age. The likelihood of developing high blood pressure increases as you get older. Men are mostly affected before the age of 60, women are more likely to acquire it after 65.
- Family history. High blood pressure tends to run in families. You’re more likely to get it if a first degree relative has it too.
- Diet. Unhealthy food choices like refined and fried foods and foods with a high sodium content can contribute to the development of high blood pressure.
- Being obese or overweight. The more you weigh the more blood you need to supply oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. As the volume of blood circulated through your blood vessels increases, so does the pressure on your artery walls.
- Lack of physical activity. If you’re not that active and tend to rest more than move around this will contribute to weight gain which will in turn contribute to high blood pressure.
- Smoking. Cigarettes contain harmful chemicals and smoking or chewing tobacco can damage the lining of artery walls increasing the chances of getting high blood pressure.
- Alcohol. Over time, heavy drinking can damage your heart. Having more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men may affect your blood pressure. Drinking in moderation is alright.
- Chronic disease. Long-term medical conditions like diabetes and kidney disease may increase your risk of getting high blood pressure.
If you ticked off any o the above and think you might be at risk of developing hypertension then contact your doctor or find best doctors online to help you make healthier choices and prevent hypertension altogether.
Signs and symptoms of high blood pressure
Most people may have high blood pressure and not even know it, which is why it is often known as a ‘silent killer’. High blood pressure may have no symptoms at all even at dangerously high levels. Those who do experience symptoms may have:
- Shortness of breath
Although these symptoms are not exclusive to high blood pressure, it wouldn’t hurt to check your blood pressure if you ever experience such symptoms.
How do you treat high blood pressure?
Small changes in your lifestyle can go a long way like eating healthier, incorporating more physical activity into your day, losing weight and quit smoking.
Your doctor may prescribe anti-hypertensives which are pills that help control blood pressure. Treatment depends on blood pressure by age, risk factors and whether you have other medical conditions that may affect treatment.
Your doctor will talk you through all of it or if you would like a second opinion use online health services like My live doctors to find doctors online. For more information on heart disease or how to manage a heart attack please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
5 SIDE EFFECTS OF EATING TOO MUCH IN RAMADAN!
Most of you are probably familiar with the Islamic month of Ramadan, or the month of fasting as they call it. It’s a time to reflect, do charity, and help the more unfortunate. It teaches self-control, discipline and a healthy way of life! Ramadan is celebrated by 1.8 billion Muslims all over the world!
With Ramadan also comes shopping, parties, family dinners with Grandma’s famous whatever recipe and more food! People basically ‘reward’ themselves for fasting the whole day and tend to over-compensate it with overeating! This can seriously affect overall health. You might want to book tele appointment online to find doctors online to help incase you experience indigestion, bloating or heartburn. Online doctor apps not only save time, but are safe and cheaper too and since time is of essence is Ramadan this would be a great way to receive expert medical advice.
Did you know that overeating is actually more common a problem than you may think? It’s not only limited to Ramadan or other holidays. In fact, it only goes into overdrive during this time!
According to new CDC stats, 40% of U.S. adults are obese. It all starts off with overeating. Yes, overeating one time won’t make you fat, but chances are it won’t only be ‘one time’, unless you’re a health freak who can yoga yourself back to health.
People often underestimate their portion size and end up consuming up to 70% more than what their body needs! That’s a lot, and if this habit sticks, then slowly and surely, you’ll probably be a size or two bigger by next Ramadan! Online health services like My live doctors can help you find doctors online to work out a special diet plan for the month of Ramadan so you can stay active and reap the spiritual and physical benefits of fasting in the Holy month.
Health benefits of fasting
It’s an absurd notion to think that while fasting you were depriving your body of food. It’s quite the opposite actually. Research suggests that there are numerous health benefits of fasting such as:
- Detoxification of blood from unwanted waste substances and toxins
- Weight loss
- Boosts the immune system
- Mental health
- Lowers blood pressure
- Reduces cholesterol
So why overeat and throw away these amazing changes your body is going through. It’s only a couple of meals here and there you say? What harm can a little over-eating do? Let’s break it down.
How does overeating affect your health?
Overeating refers to consuming excess food in relation to the energy one expends. Let’s try to understand why you overeat in the first place, despite knowing that it’s not good for you.
Unfortunately, your body is quick to adapt to changing behaviors like overeating by releasing dopamine (a happy chemical) in the brain, so you feel pleasure while eating.
So, even if it causes some discomfort, you continue to indulge or feel compelled to continue eating. This is how food addiction begins, which will ultimately lead to unhealthy weight gain.
Other health conditions, that are quicker to show up are:
It’s not that chutney or sauce that caused your chest to catch fire! When you eat more than you’re supposed to, then some of the food along with stomach acid backs into your esophagus. It can be the worst experience for some and the chest pain is very often mistaken for a heart attack!
- Abdominal pain
Having a tummy ache or discomfort after indulging in your pie is a no-brainer! What else did you expect? Normally, your stomach can store up to 1 to 2 cups of food. When this limit is crossed, then the stomach stretches and pushes up against the diaphragm. Now you know why it gets difficult to breathe after stuffing your face. No wonder Uncle Steve always loosens his pants before mealtime!
Overeating is the most common cause of bloating, the condition of your belly feeling swollen. The feast you just had is going to wreak havoc inside your tummy and let off a lot of gas! Well, isn’t that a ‘volatile’ situation to be in?! Fatty foods and eating too fast may enhance bloating too.
Filling your stomach too much and too fast may cause it to explode, literally! You might be spending the next couple of days counting the tiles in your restroom. Certain foods can irritate your bowels and stretch them exaggerating certain reflexes and transit time leading to diarrhea! Food that isn’t cooked thoroughly can leave you hanging for much longer than a couple of days.
At the other end of the spectrum, if you consume too much junk food or foods that lack fiber like fruits, veggies and whole grains, your arteries aren’t the only things that will get blocked, if you know what I mean! Constipation can be a real pain the butt, in every sense of the word! Overeating makes you lazy and that doesn’t translate well to your bowels either!
The fact of the matter is, it’s alright to spoil yourself during holiday season and succumb to guilty pleasures, but at the same time it’s important to know when to stop. If you experience any of the above symptoms during Ramadan feel free to find doctors online with the online doctor app My live Doctors and get treated from the comfort of your own home. Download the app for FREE on your smartphone or mobile device, sign up and look up your doctor. You can go through patient reviews that will help you select an online doctor. It’s safe and reliable. Communicate with them through emails, texts, audio or video calls. My live doctors will help you find doctors online in Pakistan in no time. Online doctors are also authorized to write e-prescriptions so why go the doctor’s office when you can get a prescription online too!
It’s always a good idea to contact your doctor to help you with a fresh start, and now you can get expert advice even on the go! Go to www.mylivedoctors.com and connect with a licensed physician or specialist and come up with a health plan you can stick to, even during Ramadan!
5 COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES THAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT!
There has been a lot of talk about diabetes in the past few years more-so than ever before, and that’s because the numbers of affected individuals are skyrocketing, not only in America but all over the world. This Is largely because people have stopped taking their health seriously.
If you think that you’re not living a healthy lifestyle then talk to your doctor and begin making small lifestyle changes today to prevent diabetes altogether! Another great way to get expert medical advice is through an online doctor app. It’s a quick and convenient way to avail online health services from healthcare professionals without having to go the doctor’s office.
Before we get into the details, let’s go over the basics of diabetes.
What is diabetes?
When your body doesn’t regulate glucose or blood sugar the way it’s supposed to resulting in increased levels of glucose in the blood, this condition is referred to as diabetes. Normally, the pancreas secretes insulin that regulates glucose levels, especially after a meal. Glucose is taken up the cells of the body and used for energy.
In diabetes, theirs is either little or no insulin production, hence the glucose remains in the blood instead of inside the cells where it’s supposed to be.
Different types of diabetes
There most common types of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2.
What is diabetes type 1?
Type 1 DM is also called juvenile diabetes because it typically begins in childhood. In T1DM, the insulin producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the body’s own cells, also known as an autoimmune process.
Studies suggest that there are certain genes responsible for causing T1DM along with other environmental triggers. Yep, your own body goes against you, if you’re lucky enough to be genetically susceptible. Just to be politically correct.
It ultimately results in high blood sugar levels. The real bummer is that it is an insulin-dependent condition, which means that daily insulin shots is the only way to manage it effectively.
What is diabetes type 2
Type 2 DM differs from Type 1 because,
a) it’s not insulin dependent
b) it typically begins in adulthood, though can occur at any age
c) the pancreas does produce insulin, but the cells become resistant to it, a phenomenon known as insulin resistance resulting in hyperglycemia or raised blood sugar levels.
What causes diabetes?
There are many factors involved in the development of diabetes such as:
- Poor eating habits
- Other medical conditions associated with insulin resistance
- Family history
- Miscellaneous environmental triggers
For more information about the causes and risk factors of diabetes book a tele appointment with doctor online with an online doctor app called My live doctors. Download it on your smartphone for FREE, register online and look up your doctor right away!
Signs and symptoms of diabetes
The most common diabetes signs include:
- Peeing more, especially at night
- Feeling thirsty throughout the day
- Increased appetite
- Unexplained weight gain
- Recurrent vaginal or vulva infections in females
Long-standing diabetes can lead to a number of complications. Here are 5 of the most important ones that you should know about.
When you begin to develop stomach problems more frequently, it may be due to diabetes. Stomach contractility begins to slow down, muscle tone is affected and overall it becomes extremely sensitive and leads to:
- frequent upset stomach,
It is the result of poor glycemic control. Your doctor may advise endoscopy to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms.
If you begin to feel a tingling sensation in your hands and feet it may be one of the effects of hyperglycemia i.e. nerve damage. It may give you a ‘pins and needles’ like feeling on the extremities, often exhibiting a glove and stocking distribution. Patients may describe it as discomfort or burning as well.
Chronic diabetes can damage the blood vessels that supply the retina (light-sensitive tissue responsible for vision) situated at the back of the eye. According to the National Eye Institute, it is the most common cause of vision loss among diabetics and the leading cause of vision impairment and blindness among working-age adults! That’s a huge life adjustment for anyone! Signs and symptoms are usually progressive in nature:
- Distorted vision
- Blurred vision
One of the major organs affected by diabetes is the kidney. It ends up becoming a long-term kidney disease caused by long-standing diabetes. It can even lead to end stage kidney disease or kidney failure! Symptoms include:
- Swelling of feet or ankles
- Puffiness around the eyes
- Increased urination
- Difficulty in concentrating
- Nausea and vomiting
Non -Alcoholic Fatty liver disease
As the name indicates, it’s a very common condition in which there is accumulation of excess fat in the liver of people who consume no or little to none alcohol. Diabetes is one the causes of a fatty liver. Liver function may be compromised and symptoms may manifest as:
- jaundice or yellowish discoloration of the skin
- mild pain on the right side of the abdomen beneath the ribs
- flu-like symptoms
How to reverse diabetes?
Thankfully, the treatment of diabetes can in fact reverse the condition. Besides oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin, it really depends on how you treat your body and change your lifestyle for the better.
Diabetes treatment involves:
- prokinetic agents for gastroparesis
- gabapentins and pregabalins to improve symptoms of neuropathy
- ACE inhibitors, ARBs and diuretics to maintain blood pressure within the target range and relieve stress on kidneys
- Laser treatments and surgery to treat and promote growth of new blood vessels in the eye
- Vitrectomy surgery in the eye
These treatment modalities will only help delay the progression of disease and are of little use if you don’t step up to the plate and work for a healthier lifestyle.
You will have to make different choices now, to not only improve your symptoms but get rid of them completely! Studies show that patients have gotten off their meds and insulin (in T2DM) just by losing weight! In addition to that, you should:
- Eat healthier
- Increase activity
- Stop smoking
Find doctors online and discuss the best diabetes diet with them to help you live a healthier and happier life. To consult with a top-notch diabetologist, go to www.mylivedoctors.com and book an online appointment today!
6 TIPS TO STAY HEALTHY THIS RAMADAN!
With Ramadan just a few days away, you and your family have probably started preparing for this season of happiness. An important part of this month of fasting is food and it’s very easy to ‘overcompensate’ fasting by overeating. There are so many health benefits of fasting and by eating the wrong types of food you may end up becoming unhealthy by the end of the month.
If you want to avoid side effects of overeating like stomach problems, indigestion, heartburn and gaining weight you might want to work out a diet plan with your doctor for the month of Ramadan. Or you can contact an online doctor from your smartphone by downloading My live doctors, an online doctor app.
The month of Ramadan can be tiring and it might take a couple of days getting used to. Even though this is a time that calls for celebration with family and friends, the best way you can enjoy it to the fullest is by sticking to a healthy routine.
Here are some health hacks you can incorporate into the month of Ramadan to ensure you stay active, healthy and happy during this month!
Never skip suhoor
Just like breakfast is the most important meal of the day, suhoor is the early morning meal that will keep you going throughout the day during your fast. Skipping suhoor will not only deprive you of the energy you need for the rest of the day but you will also tend to overeat at sunset as you break your fast. Make sure you have a well-balanced and nutritious suhoor consisting of:
- Complex carbs like oats, wheat, lentils and grains. They are slow-releasing carbs, keep you feeling fuller throughout the day and keep your blood sugar steady.
- High fiber foods like dates, figs, whole wheat cereals and grains. They also keep you fuller for longer and prevent constipation.
- Proteins are an extremely important source of energy. `Foods such as eggs, cheese, yogurt and nuts will help replenish your energy throughout the day.
Talk to an online doctor or a dietician to help you with a special diet plan for Ramadan. Just download My live doctors on your smartphone for FREE and instantly find doctors online in Pakistan. Book an online doctor appointment with just a few clicks.
Drink lots of water and stay hydrated
Water is by far the most important ‘nutrient’ your body needs. Considering approximately 70% of your body comprises of water, it is constantly needed for different functions. When you fast during Ramadan a good portion of the day goes without water. At sunset when you break your fast make sure you have some water before you begin eating. It restores energy levels, regulates body temperature, helps transport nutrients to give you energy and keep you healthy and also prevents muscle cramps and spasms. When your body is in a state of fasting it conserves water so your body can use it throughout the day but you need to refill it when you break your fast to make sure your body has enough for the next day as well.
Break your fast slowly
It might be tempting to stuff your face with delicious edibles when you break your fast but it is not a wise thing to do. During your fast your body has been deprived of food and water, your metabolism has slowed down so you should begin eating again slowly. Gradually increase intake so your digestive and metabolic system can adjust accordingly. Consider the following tips:
- Break your fast with dates. It’s a great source of instant energy and contains potassium which regulates insulin levels. It has simple sugars which are easy to digest and absorb, perfect for a fasted body.
- Avoid heavy, oily and fried food for iftar. It’s not easy to digest and may lead to heartburn and indigestion. It will leave you feeling bloated and won’t help restore energy levels.
- Make sure you consume a good serving of fruits and vegetables and a small portion of carbs with some protein. Making sure you have a balanced diet incorporating from all the food groups will ensure a healthy body and healthy mind.
- Try including soups as part of your meal when you break the fast. Soups are a great way to incorporate different vegetables, vitamins and nutrients. Warm soups provide a soothing effect to the gut and are light on the digestive system. Try to minimize salt intake as it can lead to high blood pressure. Find doctors online to help you keep a check on your blood pressure this month
Much on something at home
The smartest way to maintain a healthy weight during Ramadan is to eat something before you leave home if you’re planning to eat out. For instance, have an apple with peanut butter or a whole grain bagel with cream cheese before heading out the door. They’ll keep your energy levels high and keep you half-full before dinner. This way you won’t be scouring for food at the restaurant and make healthier choices!
Pack some healthy snacks
Ramadan is a time for parties and festivities with family and friends. Even though there are always healthy food options at most parties, it might help to pack some nutrient-packed snacks of your own. If you’re going outdoors, you could grab a handful of nuts or a couple of granola bars. Filling and low on the calorie budget too! If you’re craving for something sweet, go for fruit instead of pie. Fresh seasonal fruits like a slice of cold watermelon or citruses will not only fill you up but keep you hydrated too!
Try to incorporate a lap or two around the block after breaking you fast or after dinner. It will really help speed up your metabolism and aid the digestion process as well. You won’t feel sluggish or beat even after a long and happening day! Avoid working out during fasting hours as it can cause a dip in blood sugar levels, low blood pressure and may lead to dizziness and fainting. It’s not safe or healthy. Having a light and nutritious meal at sunset will help you with light-moderate workout.
Nothing fancy or hard to remember. Just some basics that can really be a game changer so you can enjoy your holiday to the fullest! For more info on the effects of overeating please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
WHY DO MY JOINTS ACHE ALL THE TIME
Do you ask yourself why your joints ache all the time? Have you tried to talk to your doctor about it? You could try to find doctors online for expert medical advice as well. Online health services are a quick and convenient way to get treated for more than 80% of your health problems. Why endure long waiting lines and doctor’s appointments when you can find doctors online with your smartphone?
Joints are the connections between bones. You have large joints such as the hip and knee joint and you have small joints like those of the hands and feet. Joints play a vital role in providing stability to the body and help in movement as well. Any damage or injury to a joint can cause can cause a lot of pain and make it difficult to move.
What causes joint pain?
There are several sudden joint pain causes. To find out why your joints might be aching find best doctors online with an online doctor app. Joint pain can not only cause discomfort but in severe cases it can be debilitating. There are many causes of joint pain. For instance, inflammation of tendons, bursae, adjoining muscles and ligaments. Other common causes of joint pain include:
- Osteoarthritis. In this condition the affected joint becomes painful and stiff. It is the most common type of arthritis. It may affect a single joint or multiple joints, but most commonly the knees, hips and small joints of the hands are affected. Although pain and stiffness are hallmark symptoms of this condition, other signs and symptoms of OA include swelling, redness over affected joint, or crackling sound while moving the joint.
- Gout. Gout causes sudden joint pain, usually affecting the big toe first or fingers, wrists elbows or knees. Along with pain in joint, you are likely to experience redness and swelling of affected joint. Gout is usually caused by increased levels of uric acid in the blood. This can cause uric acid crystal formation and deposition in joints. It is better to get it treated right away to avoid lasting damage to the affected joint. Make sure you contact your doctor if pain worsens or you come down with a fever. Or you can use online health services and find doctors online by downloading an online doctor app like My live doctors on your smartphone or mobile device.
- Rheumatoid arthritis. RA is a chronic condition which is characterized by pain, stiffness and swelling of the joints. It usually affects the joints of the hands, feet and wrists. Most patients complain of stiffness of joints when they wake up in the morning, also called ‘morning stiffness’ RA is also associated with generalized symptoms like fatigue, weight loss and lack of energy.
- Strains and Sprains. A sprain usually involves ligaments, the tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint. A strain affects the muscle or tendon, the tissue that connects muscle to the bone. Sprains and strains cause joint pain, stiffness, swelling and bruising. Some people also experience muscle cramping and difficulty in movement.
- Bone cancer. Pain is the most common symptom of bone cancer. It usually becomes more noticeable as the tumor grows or cancer spreads. The bone or joint pain is a dull or deep ache. In the initial stages the pain may only occur at night or when you active.
- Fractured/broken bone. Most people feel an acute stabbing type of pain immediately after a bone breaks. However, sometimes children get fractures and don’t even know it because there is no pain at all. You can expect the sharp, stabbing pain to lessen soon after the doctor fixes the fracture, but you may still experience mild pain for 3-6 weeks after surgery.
Injury to the bone or joint such as a ruptured ligament or knee fracture may cause bleeding into the joint as well. This is known as ‘hemarthrosis’. It is more common in people who take anti-coagulants such as warfarin. Signs that you should look out for are:
- Swelling of the affected joint
- Redness of joint
- Warm on touch
- Stiffness and bruising which usually occur soon after the injury.
If you have a very swollen knee soon after an injury and the joint pain seems to be getting worse then go the Emergency department as soon as you can to get it evaluated. In the meantime you can use the online doctor app My live doctors and find doctors online for expert medical advice, a second opinion or for follow-up consultations. If you run out of painkillers you can contact your e-doctor to get a prescription online too!
Less common causes of joint pain include:
- Reactive arthritis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Septic arthritis
- A tropical infection
- Recurrent dislocation of the joint
Joint pain treatment
Management of joint pain includes measures like taking painkiller medication and topical pain relievers to relieve pain, stiffness and swelling. Your doctor may advise moderate forms of exercise or physiotherapy to ease your joint back into normal movement. Stretching is extremely important before exercising to make sure that you have a good range of motion in your joints.
If you’re overweight or obese, losing weight and maintaining it in a healthy weight range will reduce the stress on the joints. Obesity can affect your health in several ways. It’s better to find doctors online to help with obesity sooner than later.
Joint pain treatment depends upon the cause of your joint pain. You will have to discuss treatment options with your doctor as well as alternative treatment methods like surgery.
For more information on this and other health conditions please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
TACKLE HIGH CHOLESTEROL LEVELS NATURALLY
Do you have high blood pressure? Is your blood sugar high too? If your answer is yes, that probably means high cholesterol levels aren’t far away either! You might want to find doctors online to help you prevent or treat any of these medical conditions. Download My live doctors, a doctor availability app to connect with online health professionals by booking a tele-appointment with doctor today! These medical conditions often co-exist or developing one condition usually leads to the other. They can damage other organs and tissues by acting independently, but together they brew up the perfect storm!
How common is hypercholesterolemia anyway?
Did you know that around 73 million Americans have high levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol? Uncontrolled hypercholesterolemia increases your risk of heart disease, the no.1 cause of death in the U.S. It has become a growing global concern.
What is cholesterol?
If your doctor hasn’t discussed this with you yet, you can always find doctors online to educate you about hypercholesterolemia. You’ve probably heard that poor eating habits, less exercise and sometimes even stress can have detrimental effects on your overall health and hypercholesterolemia or raised cholesterol levels is one of them. The fact of the matter is, you hear it all the time but you don’t think you’re going to get it- until you do. So let’s go over some basics and learn more about what cholesterol is and how it affects the body.
Online health services like My Live doctors can help you find best physician online. All you have to do is book an appointment for an online medical consultation. Cholesterol is a hard, dense collection of fat found in all cells of your body. It is primarily produced by the liver and helps the body make hormones and Vitamin D. It’s also present in bile, which helps digest your food. Cholesterol has an expansive reach because it travels in the bloodstream.
Different types of cholesterol
There are two types of cholesterol:
- Good cholesterol or HDL which is good for the heart and carries the bad cholesterol away from the heart to your liver so your body can get rid of it.
- Bad cholesterol or LDL which deposits in the coronary arteries (those that supply the heart). It leading to atherosclerosis or ‘hardening of the arteries’.
The arteries begin to narrow and make it difficult for the blood to pass through. Kind of like water trying to get through a blocked drainage pipe. The pressure begins to build up because of increased resistance to blood flow in the arteries.
Only about 1 in 3 adults with high LDL levels have the condition controlled and less than half are getting the treatment they need to manage it!
Triglycerides is another type of fat in the body and it belongs to the LDL group. High TGL levels can cause heart disease, stroke and heart attack. Some people are genetically predisposed to producing high levels of cholesterol on their own.
When was the last time you had your cholesterol checked or went to the doctor’s office for a routine check-up? Maybe this would be a good time to get checked out before something takes you by surprise. Online health services like telemedicine platforms are a quick and convenient way to get in touch with professional online doctors. Find best doctors online to get a second opinion or expert medical advice form the comfort of your own home.
What causes high cholesterol levels?
High cholesterol causes serious medical conditions like heart attacks and strokes. Unchecked and untreated hypercholesterolemia can lead to high cholesterol symptoms like:
- Chest pain/pressure/fullness in chest
- Yellow lumps on upper and lower eyelids
- Pain in lower legs
There are various factors that affect cholesterol levels some of which you cannot control. For instance,
- Genes. People who are genetically prone to hypercholesterolemia tend to produce more fat and you just have to learn how to deal with it. It runs in the family.
- Age. The higher up you go in numbers, the higher everything else gets too, including cholesterol levels if you don’t take care of yourself. So much for ‘ageing gracefully’.
- Gender. Research says that before menopause, women have a lower total cholesterol level than men of the same age. The tables turn after menopause though, as LDL levels rise.
- Race. African Americans show an increased tendency for high cholesterol levels as compared to Caucasians.
Now here are some factors you CAN control!
- Poor diet
- Increased waist circumference
- Physical activity
How do you tackle hypercholesterolemia naturally?
Unless you want to experience a heart attack, just to say you had one (i.e. if you live to tell the tale) then go ahead and do what you’re still doing. Life after a heart attack is NOT easy! The only reason you’re alive is because your heart is beating. An attack weakens the heart muscle and it does not function the way it once used to. There’s a reason they say prevention is better than cure. It saves you whole lot of time, energy and money!
Having said that, it’s never too late to turn your life around! Here is how you can tackle high cholesterol and bring it back to normal naturally! High cholesterol treatment includes the following points.
- Improve your eating habits. Make a U-turn when it comes to your diet! That is the first thing that should be on your ‘get back on track’ to-do list! Cross out all those fatty and fried foods, carbonated or fizzy drinks and try to cook fresh food at home as much as you can. Avoid anything white, like white sugar, white rice, white flour and replace them with browns and whole grains.
- Increase activity. Take small steps to incorporate more physical activity into your routine. Walk to your local grocery store, avoid the elevator and maybe squeeze in a nice evening stroll after dinner before bed time. Take up sports or join a gym. It may even help you sleep better!
Weight management. Being overweight greatly increases your risk of developing hypercholesterolemia. If you’re tipping the scales a bit, then focusing on losing weight may help reduce your bad cholesterol considerably!
- Manage stress. Research suggests that chronic stress can increase LDL levels over a period of time. Try to eliminate as many stress factors around you as you can. You can attend workshops on stress management or talk to your doctor about it.
- Quit smoking. When you stop smoking, your HDL levels increase. The good cholesterol carries away the bad cholesterol, so just go cold turkey! Quit smoking today for a better heart tomorrow!
For more help on how to manage your cholesterol levels, go to www.mylivedoctors.com and contact an online doctor today! You can instantly book a tele-appointment with doctor a licensed physician and get expert medical advice on the go!
You know what they say, if it’s a matter of the heart, take it seriously!
ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PCOS
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. Contrary to popular belief it is a treatable condition with proper medical guidance. If you think you have PCOS or would like to get expert medical advice on this topic, find best doctors online by using online health services and skip the waiting room at the doctor’s office altogether!
What is PCOS?
Women with PCOS have a hormonal and metabolism problems that may affect their overall health and appearance. The hormonal imbalance of PCOS may also cause infertility, but with the right treatment conceiving a baby is possible. Signs and symptoms of PCOS often develop around the time of the first menstrual period during puberty. You might develop PCOS later in life, for example, in response to substantial weight gain.
If you have unexplained weight gain and are trying to conceive but with difficulty, you might want to consult your doctor. A quick and convenient way to get medical guidance is through an online doctor app that will instantly help you find doctors online that you can discuss your case with. Data shows that 5% to 10% of women between 15 and 44, or during the years you can have children, have PCOS. Most women are diagnosed with PCOS in their 20s and 30s, when they have problems getting pregnant and see their doctor. But PCOS can happen at any age after puberty.
Who can get PCOS?
Women of all races and ethnicities are at risk of PCOS. Your risk of PCOS may be higher if you have obesity or if you have a mother, sister, or aunt with PCOS.
PCOS signs and symptoms
Signs and symptoms of PCOS may vary from person to person. A diagnosis of PCOS is made when you experience at least two of these signs:
- Irregular periods. Infrequent, irregular or prolonged menstrual cycles are the most common sign of PCOS. For example, you might have fewer than nine periods a year, more than 35 days between periods and abnormally heavy periods.
- Increased androgen levels. Elevated levels of male hormone may result in physical signs, such as excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), and occasionally severe acne and male-pattern baldness.
- Polycystic ovaries. Your ovaries might be enlarged and contain follicles that surround the eggs. As a result, the ovaries might fail to function regularly. These changes can be appreciated on an ultrasound.
If you notice any of these symptoms, talking to your doctor about it would be a good idea. Or you could book a tele-appointment with doctor through an online doctor app called My live doctors. It not only saves time but is lighter on the pocket too! All you have to do is download the app on your smartphone for FREE, look up your doctor and book a doctor appointment online!
Does having PCOS mean you can’t get pregnant?
No. Having PCOS does not mean you can't get pregnant. PCOS is one of the most common, but treatable, causes of infertility in women. In women with PCOS, the hormonal imbalance may interfere with the growth and release of eggs from the ovaries (ovulation). If you don't ovulate, you can't get pregnant. You can talk to your doctor about ways to increase your chances of ovulation and to raise your chance of getting pregnant. You can also use an Ovulation Calculator to see which days in your menstrual cycle you are most likely to be fertile.
What causes PCOS?
The exact cause of PCOS isn't known. Factors that might play a role include:
- Excess insulin. Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas that allows cells to use sugar form food consumed for your body's primary energy supply. If your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, then your blood sugar levels can rise and your body might produce more insulin. Excess insulin might lead to excess androgen production, causing difficulty with ovulation.
- Low-grade inflammation. This term is used to describe white blood cells' production of substances to fight infection. Research has shown that women with PCOS have a type of low-grade inflammation that stimulates polycystic ovaries to produce androgens, which can lead to heart and blood vessel problems.
- Heredity. Research suggests that certain genes might be linked to PCOS.
- Excess androgen. The ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgen, resulting in hirsutism and acne.
Diagnosis of PCOS
Your doctor will take a complete history and perform several tests to confirm a diagnosis.
- Physical exam. Your doctor will measure your blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and waist size. They will also look at your skin for extra hair on your face, chest or back, acne, or skin discoloration. Your doctor may look for any hair loss or signs of other health conditions (such as an enlarged thyroid gland).
- Pelvic exam. Your doctor may do a pelvic exam for signs of extra male hormones (for example, an enlarged clitoris) and check to see if your ovaries are enlarged or swollen.
- Pelvic ultrasound (sonogram). This test uses sound waves to examine your ovaries for cysts and check the endometrium (lining of the uterus or womb).
- Blood tests. Blood tests check your androgen hormone levels, sometimes called "male hormones." Your doctor will also check for other hormones related to other common health problems that can be mistaken for PCOS, such as thyroid disease. Your doctor may also test your cholesterol levels and test you for diabetes.
Treatment of PCOS
You can manage certain symptoms at home and try to improve them. For instance, try adopting a healthier lifestyle to facilitate weight loss. Losing weight will normalize your insulin levels blood glucose levels. It will also lessen inflammation. For excess body/facial hair you can try hair removal creams, laser hair removal or electrolysis at treatment centers.
Other than this your doctor might prescribe certain medications like birth control pills (for irregular periods) and anti-androgen medication among others to help with symptom relief. If you don’t have access to a healthcare provider you can find doctors online at www.mylivedoctors.com. Work out a treatment plan with your online doctor today for a healthier tomorrow!
DO YOU HAVE ANXIETY?
Occasional anxiety is part of life. In fact it’s productive since it pushes you to get thing done on time. You might feel anxious when you have to meet deadline at work or before taking a test. However, if your anxiety interferes with daily life activities then you may have a problem. For expert medical advice you can book a tele-appointment with doctor by downloading an online doctor app on your smartphone for FREE!
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults in the United States age 18 and older. They can get worse over time and can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, school work, and relationships of not treated. Sadly mental illness is a social taboo and statistics show that only 36.9% of people suffering from anxiety get treatment.
Types of anxiety disorders
There are several types of anxiety disorders. Signs and symptoms may vary from person to person.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) manifests as excessive anxiety or worry, most days for at least 6 months. An individual with GAD could worry about things such as personal health, work, social interactions, and everyday routine life circumstances to the point that it can cause substantial problems in various areas of life.
Signs and symptoms of GAD include:
- Feeling restless or on-edge
- Getting tired easily
- Concentration problems
- Tense muscles
- Difficulty controlling feelings of worry
- Sleep problems
If you have experienced any of these symptoms and have not seen a doctor or a psychiatrist yet, you can find best doctors online with the online doctor app called My live doctors. Look up your doctor and instantly connect with a psychologist/psychiatrist online and receive therapy from the comfort of your own home.
- Panic Disorder
Individuals with panic disorder have repetitive episodes of panic attacks. Panic attacks are sudden periods of intense fear that begin quickly and climax within minutes. Such attacks can occur without warning or can be brought on by a trigger, such as a feared object/situation, past memory or sleep deprivation.
During a panic attack, people may experience:
- Palpitations (pounding heartbeat or an accelerated heartrate)
- Trembling or shaking
- Shortness of breath or a feeling of choking
- Feelings of impending doom
- Feelings of being out of control
Panic disorder can cause people to constantly worry about when the next attack will happen, so they will do whatever it takes to avoid places, situations, or behaviors they associate with panic attacks. If you have experienced panic attacks you need professional guidance to help cope with these symptoms. Online health services like My live doctors can help you find best doctors online quicker and with convenience.
- Phobia-related disorders
A phobia is defined as an intense fear of—or aversion to—specific objects or situations. The fear becomes irrational and people with phobias tend to exaggerate the fear out of proportion to the actual danger caused by the situation or object.
Individuals with a phobia may experience the following signs and symptoms:
- Irrational or excessive worry about encountering the feared object or situation
- Take extreme measures to avoid the feared object or situation
- Experience immediate intense anxiety upon encountering the feared object or situation
- Endure unavoidable objects and situations with intense anxiety
Phobias could be specific (sometimes called simple phobias) such as fear of flying, heights, closed spaces, needles and sight of blood.
- Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder (previously called social phobia) presents as a general intense fear of, or anxiety toward, social or performance situations. Individuals with social anxiety worry that actions or behaviors will be negatively judged by others, leading to embarrassment. This worry often causes people with social anxiety to avoid social situations. Social anxiety disorder can manifest in a range of situations, such as within the workplace or the school environment.
Separation anxiety disorder: Separation anxiety is usually associated with children however, adults can also be diagnosed with separation anxiety disorder. People who have separation anxiety disorder have fears about parting with people to whom they are close. Such people try to avoid being separated from their attachment figures and to avoid being alone.
Research says that both genetic and environmental factors may increase the risk of developing an anxiety disorder. Although the risk factors for each type of anxiety disorder can vary, some general risk factors for all types of anxiety disorders include:
- Temperamental traits of shyness or behavioral inhibition in childhood
- Exposure to stressful and negative life or environmental events in early childhood or adulthood
- A history of anxiety or other mental illnesses in biological relatives
Some physical health conditions, such as thyroid problems or heart arrhythmias, or caffeine or other substances/medications, can produce or aggravate anxiety symptoms; a physical health examination is helpful in the evaluation of a possible anxiety disorder.
How do you treat anxiety disorders?
Anxiety disorders are generally treated with psychotherapy, medication, or both. There are many ways to treat anxiety and people should work with their doctor to choose the treatment that is best for them. If you’re looking for a professional and qualified doctor to work out a treatment plan for yourself you can find doctors online who can help you.
Psychotherapy or “talk therapy” can help people with anxiety disorders. To be effective, psychotherapy must be directed at the person’s specific anxieties and tailored to his or her needs.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is type of psychotherapy that can help people with anxiety disorders. It teaches people how to change their way of thinking, behaving, and reacting to certain objects and situations that might trigger their anxiety. CBT can also help people learn and practice social skills, which is vital for treating social anxiety disorder.
Medication can help relieve symptoms. Medication for anxiety is prescribed by doctors, such as a psychiatrist or primary care provider. Sometimes psychologists who have received specialized training to prescribe psychiatric medications can give prescriptions as well. Some medicines that may be prescribed are:
- Anti-Anxiety Medications
You and your doctor should discuss:
- How well medications are working or might work to improve your symptoms
- Benefits and side effects of each medication
- Risk for serious side effects based on your medical history
- Required lifestyle changes
- Costs of each medication
Other alternative therapies, medications, vitamins, and supplements can be tested too but consult with your doctor before you try anything as it may affect your treatment.
For more information on mental health conditions like depression, please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
WHAT CAUSES ACNE AND HOW TO TREAT IT?
Acne is the most common skin condition that affects over 50 million Americans per year! It usually begis at puberty and continues into adolescence and adulthood. If you have acne and haven’t seen a doctor yet you could find doctors online and book a tele-appointment with doctor with an online doctor app.
Acne is a skin condition that occurs as a result of your hair follicles becoming clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It may cause whiteheads, blackheads or pimples appearing on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Even though acne is most common among teenagers, it affects people of all ages.
Acne is a treatable condition and there are effective therapies, but acne can be persistent. The pimples and bumps are slow to health and when one begins to go away, others show up. If acne becomes severe, it can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. Talk to your doctor about different treatment options and work out the one that will work the best for you. For expert medical advice you can connect to a dermatologist online or find best doctors online at My live doctors, a one stop telehealth platform for all your medical conditions. Online doctors can treat basic everyday health conditions such as acne, flu, headaches and allergies without the hassle of an in-clinic visit. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of complications.
- Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
- Blackheads (open plugged pores)
- Small red, tender bumps
- Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
- Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)
Instead of consulting a doctor some people go for home remedies instead. However, if self-care remedies don't work you should probably see your primary care doctor. If acne persists or is severe, you may want to seek medical treatment from a doctor who specializes in the skin (dermatologist). Online health services like telemedicine apps have made quality healthcare more accessible to people with busy schedules. An online doctor app like My live doctors is a quick and convenient way of getting treated on the go!
Causes of acne
Most common causes of acne include:
- Excess oil production
- Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
- Increase androgen hormones
Acne tends to appear on your face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders because the skin on these areas have the most oil (sebaceous) glands. Hair follicles are connected to oil glands.
Whiteheads: The follicle wall may bulge and produce a whitehead.
Blackheads: When the plug is open to the surface and darkens it causes a blackhead. A blackhead may look like dirt stuck in pores. But actually the pore is congested with bacteria and oil, which turns brown when it's exposed to the air.
Pimples: Pimples are raised red spots with a white center that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected with bacteria. When the inflammation is deep inside hair follicles, it produces cyst-like lumps beneath the surface of your skin. Other pores in your skin, which are the openings of the sweat glands, aren't usually involved in acne.
Risk factors for acne
- Age. People of all ages can get acne, but it's most common in teenagers.
- Hormonal changes. Most common around age of puberty. Teenagers, women and girls are commonly affected.
- Family history. Genetics plays a role in acne. If both parents had acne, it increases your risk of having it too.
- Greasy or oily substances. If your skin comes into contact with oily lotions and creams or with grease in a work area you may develop outbursts of acne.
- Friction or pressure on your skin. This can be caused by items such as telephones, cellphones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks.
- Stress. Stress doesn't cause acne, but if you have acne already, it may make it worse.
Acne is more common in females. Many women experience flares a week before menstruation. This type of acne tends to clear up without treatment in women who use contraceptives. In most cases however it is persistent and requires continuous care. If you haven’t contacted a doctor already, find physician online at My live doctors and get it checked out. In older adults, a sudden onset of severe acne may be due to an underlying disease requiring medical attention.
Do not use acne products/skincare products on acne-inflated skin without consulting your doctor first. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns that some popular non-prescription acne lotions, cleansers and other skin products can cause a serious reaction. A full-blown skin reaction is different from the usual redness and itchiness of the skin.
If you experience the following symptoms after using a skin care product contact your doctor immediately:
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling of the eyes, face, lips or tongue
- Tightness of the throat
Factors that may worsen acne
There are several factors that can worsen or trigger an outburst of acne:
- Hormones. Androgens levels increase in boys and girls during puberty causing the oil glands to enlarge and make more sebum (natural oil). Hormonal changes during pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) also can affect sebum production. Circulating androgen in the blood can worsen acne.
- Certain medications. Examples include drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone or lithium.
- Diet. Research suggests that foods such as skim milk and carbohydrate-rich foods — such as bread, bagels and chips — may worsen acne. Chocolate has long been suspected of making acne worse.
- Stress. Stress can make acne worse.
The main goal of acne treatment is to bring the acne under control, reduce scar marks and prevent further acne flares. There are several medications that may be prescribed by your doctor depending on your age and severity of acne.
- Topical treatment
- Retinoids and retinoid-like medicines. These are derived from Vitamin A and may be in the form of creams, gels or lotions. It works by preventing plugging of hair follicles.
- Antibiotics. These are used to reduce the inflammation and kill the bacteria on the skin. Initially topical antibiotics may be used with retinoids.
- Salicylic acid and Azelaic acid. These are used to prevent plugging of hair follicles and they also have antibacterial properties.
- Oral medication
- Combined oral contraceptives
- Isotretinoin (powerful drug for patients who don’t respond to other treatments)
Treatments other than medication include:
- Laser therapy
- Chemical peel
- Extraction of whiteheads and blackheads
- Steroid injections
The sooner you begin treatment the better. Talk to your doctor about which treatment method will work best for you. Find doctors online at www.mylivedoctors.com
FIND DOCTORS ONLINE AND GET EXPERT MEDICAL GUIDANCE ON OVARIAN CANCER
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that involves the ovaries. The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries main function is to produce eggs (ova) as well as the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. Once you have hit puberty/reproductive age you discuss ovarian and uterine health with your doctor or you can find doctors online and get medical advice from the comfort of your own home.
Ovarian cancer can remain undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen i.e. it is often detected at an advanced stage. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat. Early-stage ovarian cancer, in which the disease is confined to the ovary, is more likely to be treated successfully. This is why it is important to know some of the early signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer.
Symptoms of ovarian cancer
Early-stage ovarian cancer rarely causes any symptoms and often goes undetected. Advanced-stage ovarian cancer may cause few and nonspecific symptoms that are often mistaken for more common benign conditions. If you’re confused and have been experiencing symptoms like unexplained weight loss and/or pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis then talk to your doctor. If you are unable to access one then find doctors online through online healthcare services and get the answers you’re looking for.
Some common signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Quickly feeling full when eating
- Weight loss
- Discomfort in the pelvis area
- Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
- A frequent need to urinate
When do you need to see a doctor?
If you have any of the above symptoms along with a family history of ovarian cancer or breast cancer, talk to your doctor about your risk of ovarian cancer. Your may be referred to a genetic counselor to discuss testing for certain gene mutations that increase the likelihood of developing breast and ovarian cancer.
Causes of ovarian cancer
The exact cause of ovarian cancer is not known but experts have identified factors that can increase the risk of getting the disease.
Research suggests that cancer begins when a cell develops errors or mutations in its DNA. The cells begin to grow and multiply quickly, creating a mass of abnormal cells (tumor). The abnormal cells continue to divide and soon start to replace healthy cells. They can invade nearby healthy tissues and break off from an initial tumor to spread elsewhere in the body (metastasize).
If you have a first degree relative with ovarian cancer then you may have a genetic component for the disease as well. You can always get your genes tested to make sure. Find online doctors and email your questions about genetic testing to healthcare professionals online.
Types of ovarian cancer
There are three main types of ovarian cancer. The type depends on the type of cell the ovarian cancer stems from. Ovarian cancer types include:
- Epithelial tumors, which begin in the thin layer of tissue that covers the outside of the ovaries. About 90 percent of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumors.
- Stromal tumors, which begin in the ovarian tissue that contains hormone-producing cells. These tumors are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian tumors. About 7 percent of ovarian tumors are stromal.
- Germ cell tumors, which begin in the egg-producing cells. These rare ovarian cancers tend to occur in younger women.
There are certain risk factors you can’t control like age. Although ovarian cancer can occur at any age it is most common in women aged 50 to 60 years. The age when menstruation started and ended also increases the risk of ovarian cancer.
As mentioned before, genetics play a major role in the development of ovarian cancer as well. A small percentage of ovarian cancers are caused by gene mutations you inherit from your parents. The most well-known genes that increase the risk of ovarian cancer are called breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2). These genes also increase the risk of breast cancer. Studies also suggest a link between Lynch syndrome and ovarian cancer.
Birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has also been seen to increase the risk of ovarian cancer. Estrogen hormone replacement therapy, especially with long-term use and in large doses may affect susceptible individuals.
Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
There's no sure way to prevent ovarian cancer. But there may be ways to reduce your risk:
This might seem contradictory, but using the right type of birth control pills with guidance of your doctor may decrease the risk of ovarian cancer. Women who use oral contraceptives may have a reduced risk of ovarian cancer. But oral contraceptives do have risks of their own, so discuss whether the benefits outweigh those risks based on your situation.
If you have any of the risk factors mentioned above, discuss them with your doctor. If you have a family history of breast and ovarian cancers, bring this up with your doctor too. Use online healthcare services to book a tele-appointment with doctor today. Online medical consultations are a quick and convenient way of talking to a healthcare professional without stepping foot into a doctor’s office. Your doctor can determine what this may mean for your own risk of cancer. In some cases, your doctor may refer you to a genetic counselor who can help you decide whether genetic testing may be right for you. If you're found to have a gene mutation that increases your risk of ovarian cancer, you may consider surgery to remove your ovaries to prevent cancer altogether.
The type of treatment given depends on the type and stage of ovarian cancer. If the cancer affects the ovaries alone then your doctor may advise surgery of one or both ovaries. If the cancer is more extensive and has spread to the uterus then the uterus may have to be removed as well. Advanced stage cancer usually requires chemotherapy after surgery.
Chemotherapy comprises of certain chemicals and drugs that kill the fast-growing cancer cells. Chemotherapy has its own side effects and wears the patient down physically and mentally that’s why supportive and palliative care is by far the most important aspect of cancer care.
Palliative care is provided by a team of doctors, nurses and other specially trained professionals. Palliative care teams aim to improve the quality of life for people with cancer and their families. This form of care is offered alongside curative or other treatments you may be receiving.
For more details about on breast cancer and cancer care please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
WHAT IS GOUT?
Gout is a common and inflammatory form of arthritis that in people with high levels of uric acid in the blood. Gout affect around 4% of American adults and is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in the joints, most commonly involving the joint at the base of the big toe. Have you ever experienced a gout attack but haven’t been able to go to the doctor’s then find doctors online and book a tele-appointment with doctor from the comfort of your own home! Get expert medical advice without having to move a muscle!
An episode of gout pain can occur suddenly, even in the middle of the night with the sensation that your big toe is on fire. The affected joint is hot, swollen and so tender that even the weight of the sheet may seem like a lot of weight at that time.
Signs and symptoms of gout
Gout symptoms may be irregular, but there are ways to manage symptoms and prevent flares.
- Severe joint pain. The most commonly affected joint is the large joint of your big toe, but it can occur in any joint. Other commonly affected joints include the ankles, knees, elbows, wrists and fingers. The pain is likely to be most intense within the first four to 12 hours after it begins.
- Discomfort. After the most severe pain subsides, some joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks. Later attacks are likely to last longer and affect more joints.
- Redness and swelling. The affected joint or joints become swollen, tender, warm and red.
- Limited range of motion. As gout progresses, you may not be able to move your joints normally.
When should you see a doctor?
If you experience sudden, intense and unbearable pain in a joint, call your doctor. Untreated gout can lead to worsening pain and progressive joint damage. If you experience joint pain and inflammation along with fever it can be a sign of infection.
Causes of gout
When uric acid levels increase in the blood, urate crystals accumulate in your joint, causing inflammation and intense pain of a gout attack. Uric acid is produced when it breaks down purines — substances that are found naturally in your body. There are certain food items that contain purine as well such as steak, organ meats and seafood. Other foods also promote higher levels of uric acid, such as alcohol, beer, and drinks sweetened with fruit sugar (fructose).
Normally, uric acid is removed from the body through the urine. But sometimes either your body produces too much uric acid or your kidneys excrete too little uric acid. When this happens, uric acid can accumulate in the blood and collect in the tissues/joints in the form of sharp, needle-like urate crystals that cause pain, inflammation and swelling.
Even though the primary cause of gout is hyperuricemia (increased uric acid levels) there are certain risk factors that may increase the risk of developing gout. For instance, you're more likely to develop gout if you have high levels of uric acid in your body. Factors that increase the uric acid level in your body include:
- Diet. Eating a diet rich in purine-containing foods such as meat and seafood and drinking beverages sweetened with fruit sugar (fructose) increase levels of uric acid, which increase your risk of gout. Alcohol consumption, especially beer, also increases the risk of gout.
- Obesity. If you're overweight, your body produces more uric acid and your kidneys have a more difficult time excreting the uric acid.
- Medical conditions. Certain diseases and health conditions increase your risk of developing gout. For instance, untreated or unchecked high blood pressure and chronic conditions such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and heart and kidney diseases.
- Medications. The use of thiazide diuretics (used to treat hypertension) and low-dose aspirin can also increase the level of uric acid. People who have undergone an organ transplant may also develop gout due to use of anti-rejection medicines.
- Family history. If other members of your family have had gout, you're more likely to develop the condition.
- Age and sex. Gout is more common in men, primarily because women tend to have lower uric acid levels. After menopause, however, women's uric acid levels approach those of men. Men are also more likely to develop gout earlier — usually between the ages of 30 and 50 — whereas women generally develop signs and symptoms after menopause.
- Recent surgery or trauma. Experiencing recent surgery or trauma has been associated with an increased risk of developing a gout attack.
If you have any of the above risk factors and think you might be at risk for developing gout you can talk to your doctor about gout prevention or find best doctors online at My live doctors and receive medical advice on the go. Online medicine services like online doctors are a quicker and more convenient way of getting treated for basic health conditions.
How can you prevent gout?
Diet plays a huge role in the prevention of future gout attacks. Drink plenty of fluids since staying well-hydrated lessens the formation of crystals. Limiting consumption of sweetened beverages you drink, especially those sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup may also reduce hyperuricemia. Other beverages such as alcohol should also be avoided. Recent evidence suggests that beer may be particularly likely to increase the risk of gout symptoms, especially in men.
The best protein source is from low-fat dairy products. Research says that low-fat dairy products may actually have a protective effect against gout. Intake of meat, fish and poultry should be limited too. You can take small amounts but pay close attention to how much you take.
Being overweight or obese may lead to raised uric acid levels. Choose portions that allow you to maintain a healthy weight. Losing weight may decrease uric acid levels in your body.
Treatment of gout
Gout treatment usually involves medications to treat acute attacks as well as prevent future gout attacks and flares. Your doctor may prescribe the following drugs:
These meds are given to reduce pain and inflammation. High doses may be given initially then lower doses later on to prevent future attacks.
Other drugs like Allopurinol may be given to block uric acid production and Probenecid to increase the elimination of uric acid from the body.
For more information on arthritis and different types of joint pain please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
IS POST PARTUM DEPRESSION DIFFERENT FROM BABY BLUES?
As common as it is, surprisingly postpartum depression (PPD) is not talked about enough. If you have recently given birth you are bound to feel overwhelmed with emotion and might experience excessive fatigue, and frequent mood changes. It’s better to discuss these symptoms with your doctor so that you can receive appropriate intervention when needed. You can also find doctors online within minutes on your smartphone through online medicine services.
Affecting around 10-15% of adult mothers, PPD is a complex mix of physical, emotional, and behavioral changes that happen in a woman after giving birth. In order for clinicians to diagnose mental disorders, PPD is a form of major depression that begins within four weeks after delivery. The diagnosis of postpartum depression is based not only on the length of time between delivery and onset, but also on the severity of the depression.
What Is Postpartum Depression?
Postpartum depression occurs as a result of chemical, social, and psychological changes associated with having a baby. It refers to a range of physical and emotional changes that many new mothers experience. The good news is postpartum depression can be treated with medication and counseling. To get counseling or therapy at home you can find doctors online by downloading the online doctor app Mylivedoctors. Receive an online medical consultation and get expert medical advice without stepping into the doctor’s office.
One of the most profound chemical changes involves a rapid drop in hormones after delivery. When levels of estrogen and progesterone, the female reproductive hormones, drop almost immediately after delivery, it is thought to cause fluctuations in mood and behavior.
Signs and Symptoms of Postpartum Depression
Some of the most common symptoms of PPD include:
- difficulty sleeping
- appetite changes
- excessive fatigue
- decreased libido
- frequent mood changes
These symptoms may also be overlapped by other symptoms of major depression, which are not normal after childbirth like loss of pleasure; feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, and helplessness; thoughts of death or suicide or thoughts or hurting someone else.
There are three types of mood changes women can have after giving birth:
- Baby blues
If you have recently given birth and are experiencing any of the above symptoms which are interfering with your ability to take care of the baby then talk to your doctor or find doctors online at Mylivedoctors.
So how does PPD differ from baby blues?
The “baby blues” is a term used to describe feelings of worry, unhappiness, and fatigue that many women experience after having a baby. Babies can be quite demanding and require a lot of time, so it’s normal for mothers to be worried about, or tired from, providing that care. Baby blues, which affects up to 80 percent of mothers, includes feelings that are somewhat mild, last a week or two, and go away on their own.
Who is at risk of getting Postpartum Depression?
A number of factors can increase the risk of getting postpartum depression, including:
- a history of depression prior to becoming pregnant, or during pregnancy
- young age- the younger you are, the higher the risk
- ambivalence about the pregnancy
- children -- the more you have, the more likely you are to be depressed in a subsequent pregnancy
- having a history of depression or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
- limited social support
- living alone
- marital conflict
- Previous experience with depression or bipolar disorder at another time in her life
- A family member who has been diagnosed with depression or other mental illness
- A stressful life event during pregnancy or shortly after giving birth, such as job loss, death of a loved one, domestic violence, or personal illness
- Medical complications during childbirth, including premature delivery or having a baby with medical problems
- Mixed feelings about the pregnancy, whether it was planned or unplanned
- Alcohol or other drug abuse problems.
If you are pregnant or are planning to conceive and have any of the above risk factors you might want to discuss the possibility of developing PPD with your doctor. Try to prepare beforehand in terms of support and childcare after birth of the baby. For professional guidance book a tele-appointment with doctor today! Find doctors online with the MyLiveDoctors online doctor app where healthcare professionals are ready to serve 24 hours around the clock!
Postpartum depression can affect any woman regardless of age, race, ethnicity, or economic status.
Treatment of Postpartum Depression
The symptoms of PPD like feelings of sadness and anxiety can be so severe that it can interfere with a woman’s ability to care for herself and her family. Because of the severity of the symptoms, postpartum depression usually requires treatment. The condition, which occurs in nearly 15 percent of births, may begin shortly before or any time after childbirth, but commonly begins between a week and a month after delivery.
The treatment of Postpartum depression is different for different women and depends upon the type and severity of a woman's symptoms. Treatment options include anti-anxiety or antidepressant medications, psychotherapy, and participation in a support group for emotional support and education. For severe cases, intravenous infusion of a new medication called brexanolone (Zulresso) may be prescribed by your doctor. Postpartum psychosis on the other hand may need to be treated with drugs used to treat psychosis. Hospital admission is also often necessary.
If you are breastfeeding, don't assume that you can't take medication for depression, anxiety, or even psychosis. Talk to your doctor. Under a doctor's supervision, many women take medication while breastfeeding. This is a decision to be made between you and your doctor.
When Should you see a doctor?
It is important to have awareness about PPD as untreated postpartum depression can be dangerous for new moms and their children. A new mom should seek professional help if:
- symptoms persist beyond two weeks.
- she is unable to function normally.
- she can't cope with everyday situations.
- she has thoughts of harming herself or her baby.
- she is feeling extremely anxious, scared, and panicked most of the day.
Most of the time symptoms of depression and PPD are brushed under the carpet and not taken seriously by the new mom or family member commonly mistaken as fatigue or ‘hormones’. Listen to your body and go see a doctor. For more information on other mental health conditions like anxiety and depression please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
HERE IS YOUR ONLINE HEALTHCARE SOLUTION FOR FUNGAL INFECTION!
Also known as tinea pedis, athlete’s foot is a contagious fungal infection that affects the skin on the feet. Like most fungal infections, it can spread quickly to the toenails and the hands. The fungal infection is commonly called athlete’s foot because it’s mostly seen in athletes. Warm, moist environments are ideal for fungal growth that’s why it is more common during the summer season. Itching is the hallmark symptom of athlete’s foot. If you think you have a foot infection, it would be a good idea to see a dermatologist. But if you want to skip the waiting room, you can find doctors online in Lahore or any city in Pakistan. Telemedicine mobile apps provide a one-stop online healthcare solution which connect you to online healthcare professionals for expert medical advice.
Athlete’s foot is quite common. Research suggests that it occurs in around 3-15% of the general population. While it isn’t serious, it can be tough to cure. If you have diabetes or another chronic disease that could compromise the immune system and suspect you have athlete’s foot, you should call your doctor right away.
What causes athlete’s foot?
Athlete’s foot occurs when the tinea fungus grows on the feet. You get the fungal infection through direct contact with an infected person, or by touching surfaces contaminated with the fungus. The fungus grows in warm, moist environments. It’s commonly found in showers, on locker room floors, and around swimming pools. If you have access to such public places and think you might catch a fungal infection then talk to your doctor about how you can prevent it. You can find doctors online and book a tele-appointment with doctor in Pakistan, in almost any city! My live doctors is an online health service that provides an online healthcare solution for patients who want to get treated from home!
Who gets athlete’s foot?
Anyone can get athlete’s foot, but there are certain factors that may increase your risk of getting it. For instance:
- visiting public places barefoot, especially locker rooms, showers, and swimming pools
- sharing socks, shoes, or towels with an infected person
- wearing tight, closed-toe shoes
- keeping your feet wet for long periods of time
- having sweaty feet
- having a minor skin or nail injury on your foot
Signs and symptoms of athlete’s foot
There most common symptoms of athlete’s foot are itching, stinging, and burning between your toes or on soles of your feet. Other signs include:
- blisters on your feet that itch
- cracking and peeling skin on your feet, most commonly between your toes and on your soles
- dry skin on your soles or sides of your feet
- raw skin on your feet
- discolored, thick, and crumbly toenails
- toenails that pull away from the nail bed
If you have any of these signs or symptoms and aren’t sure whether it’s athlete’s foot or not, contact your doctor asap. Or you could send a picture of your feet to an online physician at My live doctors and get evaluated without going to the doctor’s office.
How would I know I have athlete’s foot?
A doctor may diagnose athlete’s foot by the symptoms or you may be told to get a skin test if they aren’t sure a fungal infection is causing your symptoms. A skin lesion potassium hydroxide exam is the most common test for athlete’s foot. A doctor scrapes off a small area of infected skin and places it in potassium hydroxide. The KOH destroys normal cells while having no effect of the fungal infection cells hence they can easily be seen under a microscope.
Treatment of athlete’s foot
Athlete’s foot can often be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) topical antifungal medications in the form of ointments and creams. If OTC medications don’t treat your infection, your doctor may prescribe topical or oral prescription-strength antifungal medications. Home treatments may also be recommended to help clear up the infection such as soaking your feet in salt water or diluted vinegar to help dry up blisters.
Different OTC topical antifungal medications include:
- miconazole (Desenex)
- terbinafine (Lamisil AT)
- clotrimazole (Lotrimin AF)
- butenafine (Lotrimin Ultra)
- tolnaftate (Tinactin)
Can athlete’s foot lead to complications?
Though rare, athlete’s foot can lead to complications in some cases. Mild complications such as an allergic reaction to the fungus can lead to blistering on the feet or hands. It’s also possible for the fungal infection to return after treatment. Severe complications include secondary bacterial infection. In this case, your foot might be swollen, painful, and hot. Pus, drainage, and fever are additional signs of a bacterial infection. If the infection spreads to the lymphatic system, it could lead to infections of your lymph nodes.
Can it be prevented?
There are several things you can do to help prevent athlete’s foot infections:
- Dry your feet thoroughly after washing with soap and water, especially between the toes.
- Disinfect your shoes by using disinfectant wipes (like Clorox wipes) or sprays.
- Put antifungal powder on your feet every day.
- Don’t share socks, shoes, or towels with others.
- Wear sandals in public spaces like swimming pools
- Change your socks when your feet get sweaty.
- Air out your feet when you are at home by going barefoot.
- Wear breathable shoes.
- Alternate between two pairs of shoes, wearing each pair every other day, to give your shoes time to dry out between uses. Moisture will allow the fungus to continue to grow.
Do you have medical queries? Find doctors online 24/7 at My live doctors and book a tele-appointment with doctor today! To know more about other common medical conditions and how to treat them, please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
Find Best Physician Online To Help You With Heartburn
Heartburn refers to that ‘fire in the chest’ feeling. It’s an extremely common problem created by acid reflux, a condition in which some of the stomach contents regurgitate into the esophagus. It creates a burning sensation in the lower chest. It can cause a great deal of discomfort to the extent that it may even be mistaken for a heart attack. Have you ever experienced heartburn? If you suffer from it frequently then see your doctor. You could also find doctors online and book a tele-appointment with doctor by downloading an online doctor app on your smartphone.
Persistent acid reflux or frequent episodes of heartburn that occurs more than twice a week is called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). You feel heartburn when stomach acid flows back up into the food-pipe that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Heartburn is not a medical condition itself, rather a symptom of GERD.
How many people are affected by heartburn?
The global prevalence of heartburn is approximately 12% and affects more females than males. According to the American College of Gastroenterology, at least 15 million Americans experience heartburn every day. Why do so many people experience heartburn? Let’s go over the basics and learn more about the nature of stomach fluid, the sphincter (junction) between the esophagus and stomach, and how reflux can be harmful.
Random facts about heartburn
- Major contributing factors include diet, obesity, and lack of exercise.
- The primary symptom is a burning sensation in the throat or chest from stomach acid.
- Heartburn doesn’t affect overall health.
- It’s a treatable condition with appropriate lifestyle changes and medication such as PPIs (proton-pump inhibitors).
What causes heartburn?
Occasional heartburn is normal and shouldn’t cause significant concern. However, repetitive or recurrent episodes of acid reflux results in the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD or GORD). This can potentially lead to complications and may indicate other underlying health issues such as umbilical hernia or esophageal cancer. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects individuals of all ages, and is often caused by poor lifestyle choices such as obesity, smoking, and low levels of activity.
Some of the most common factors that may contribute to heartburn are:
- coffee, alcohol, chocolate and fatty or spicy foods
- being overweight
- stress and anxiety
- some medicines, such as anti-inflammatory painkillers (like ibuprofen)
- a hiatus hernia – when part of your stomach moves up into your chest
If you have any of the above risk factors talk to your doctor about it. Or you can download My live doctors mobile app on your smartphone and instantly connect to online healthcare professionals. Schedule a tele-appointment with doctor and find out more on how to prevent heartburn.
Signs and symptoms of heartburn
The most obvious and common symptom of heartburn is the common feeling of warmth or heat, sometimes burning, in the chest and throat, caused by the stomach acid.
Other symptoms include:
- burning sensation in the middle of the chest.
- rising pain that may even reach the jaw.
- burning and indigestion-like pain.
- foul, acrid taste in the mouth.
If you experience symptoms of acid reflux frequently, then you should consult your doctor, who may refer you to a gastroenterologist. You can connect to a specialist online at My live doctors for further investigation.
How to treat heartburn?
- The goal of heartburn treatment caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease is to reduce the production of stomach acid. Treatment depends upon underlying cause but certain lifestyle changes can help prevent or reduce heartburn. For instance,
- healthy and balanced diet limiting fat intake
- avoid eating before lying down and sit up straight while eating
- avoiding heavy lifting and straining
- limit intake of alcohol, caffeine, spicy food, full cream milk, gassy foods, such as soft drinks, and acidic food, such as tomato, lemon, or orange juices
- reduce weight
- avoiding smoking
- increase activity
- eat small meals
- review existing medications
Heartburn is a common complaint during pregnancy, primarily because of increasing size of uterus pressing up against the stomach. Hormonal changes and the baby pressing against the stomach also contribute to heartburn during pregnancy.
Experts say that there are diet and lifestyle changes that can often help to relieve the symptoms. The American Pregnancy Association suggests the following measures:
- eating five to six small meals throughout the day
- not lying down within an hour of eating
- avoiding fatty and spicy foods
- Before eating, it may help to eat some yogurt or drink some milk, possibly with a spoonful of honey in it.
Your doctor may prescribe medication to help with symptom relief as well such as antacids, proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) and anti-histamines. Please consult your doctor before beginning any medicine. For more details on gut health please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
WHAT IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION?
Are you familiar with the term ‘A-fib’? Have you ever heard of it before? Whatever the case, here’s a breakdown of atrial fibrillation, a very common problem of heart rhythm or a cardiac arrhythmia. It would be useful to go over what it is and a few important atrial fibrillation symptoms and signs before we dive into the details. Let's also discuss potential atrial fibrillation treatment options.
To talk to a professional healthcare provider you can find best doctors online in Pakistan at My live doctors, a one-stop online healthcare solution. Download the app on your smartphone and instantly connect to an online doctor right away!
What is Atrial Fibrillation or Afib?
The normal beating of the heart has a regular consistent pattern. Day in and day out. This is needed for the proper pumping function responsible for delivering blood consistently throughout the body. In simplest terms, AFib is the erratic beating of the heart. The specific heart rhythm is called “irregularly irregular”. Now itself does not sound too great, does it? Approximately 1% of US adults have atrial fibrillation with men more than the females. If you get into the geriatric population 9% of people greater than 80 years old have atrial fibrillation. So it is estimated that 2.3 million adults in the US have AFib.
Why worry about Atrial Fibrillation?
In the case of atrial fibrillation, there is no regularity or consistency in the heartbeat. Now, this could spell trouble especially if the individual is not aware or is unable to notice the abnormal and irregular beating of the heart. This poses numerous dangers such as an increased propensity of developing a clot in the heart which can break off and clog blood vessels in the brain leading to a stroke or possibly even death!
If you have questions about Atrial Fibrillation, then book a tele-appointment with doctor today and get an online medical consultation today! Check out the My live doctors mobile app on the App Store or Google Play.
Signs and symptoms of atrial fibrillation:
Here are 3 Atrial Fibrillation Symptoms that you should know about - Be aware to take action!
An attack of afib presenting as palpitations can happen at any moment. Normal persons especially at rest, should not be feeling your heartbeat. However, with palpitations, you may feel hard heartbeats which could be irregular and rapid. You may feel your heart pounding away erratically and not in any regular set pattern. But the sensation may be so severe that it may take your breath away. It may produce a sense of urgency and anxiety. Some also relate this to a sense of impending doom. In milder cases, a person may not fully appreciate but may notice a degree of discomfort or a funny feeling in the chest. So keep this in mind and don't take things lightly.
2- Shortness of breath
When the heart does not pump efficiently as in the case of an attack of atrial fibrillation, it can lead to fatigue, weakness and shortness of breath. If your heart is unable to pump blood forwards it tends to back it up into your lungs. This leads to build-up of fluid in this vital organ which practically impairs lung function preventing any adequate exchange of gases. Basically, you cannot breathe. Now that does not sound too great, does it? Shortness of breath or ‘air hunger’ would be one of the most distressing sensations you will ever have in your life and it is one of the AFib symptoms to watch out for.
3- Dizziness or lightheadedness
Lightheadedness or dizziness is a fairly common atrial fibrillation symptom. The person feels that he or she may faint. Some patients describe it as weightlessness of the head. This happens in atrial fibrillation because of the poor blood supply which the brain receives with the erratic pumping of the heart. Younger individuals may not have it that bad, however, the older and sicker you get, you will start to feel much worse and more light headed. It is common to have people especially the elderly, to fall down or even lose consciousness when they have an attack of atrial fibrillation. So something as benign as feeling light-headed could have potentially serious causes and complications. Usually, this happens when your heart rate exceeds any normal limits. The heart rate in atrial fibrillation having known to go beyond 130, 140 or even 160 or 170. This just goes to show that if you are having a combination of medical symptoms it may not be something you could pass on as unimportant.
4- A stroke!
A bonus symptom, but if you have this, it means you have already suffered the consequences. When the heart does not beat properly it leads to stagnation of blood, which can lead to clot formation. Now that could break off and travel with the blood into your brain and eventually clog one of those vessels. When this happens you lose blood supply to a portion of the brain, leading to neurological deficits that could range from total loss of function or could have localized symptoms such as trouble speaking or trouble swallowing or weakness or numbness of any part of the body. This surely is an alarm sign and a medical emergency and medical assistance are necessary. If you notice any of these yourself or any person around you, make sure to call an ambulance as soon as possible.
If you think you have ever experienced any of the above symptoms then find doctors online in Lahore or any city in Pakistan and avail online health services. Download it on your phone and sign up for FREE! Connect with online healthcare professionals and get expert medical advice from home!
Atrial Fibrillation Treatment? Can it be treated or cured?
One of the highly important considerations for atrial fibrillation treatment is whether the patient needs a blood thinning medication or not. The blood thinning medication basically works to thin the blood in an effort to prevent clot formation that can be dangerous and can lead to Strokes. Usually, younger people without many comorbidities may not need a blood thinning medication. Check with your doctor if you are one the lucky ones and can do without a blood thinner such as Coumadin or Eliquis or Xarelto and avoid the adverse effects that come with such drugs.
Now the other issue with afib is that your heart rate can get very high and that can be dangerous itself. Often pills are needed to keep the heart rate in check. So few things that your cardiologists will be talking to you about.
Since atrial fibrillation is a heart rhythm problem, some patients especially the young may benefit from procedures or drugs that can correct the irregular rhythm and bring it back into regularity called a sinus rhythm. Now, this may include a procedure called cardioversion or simply, on many occasions, drugs are all that is needed. However, this is a complicated topic and best to leave it to your cardiologist who would be able to make judgments based on your individual circumstance. There are so many factors that go into deciding what is best for the patient. If the symptoms are recurrent and the individual is young then the cardiologist may decide for a procedure. Nevertheless, like all medical interventions, there are always certain risks involved so that is a one-to-one discussion between you and your physician. There are modalities coming up as well which can specifically target the areas in the heart which are producing the abnormal electrical signals that are leading to atrial fibrillation, however, your individual circumstance will need a thorough assessment by a cardiologist.
For more information on heart disease please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
TALK TO AN ONLINE DOCTOR IN PAKISTAN ABOUT CHICKENPOX
Chickenpox is a viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is characterized by symptoms like itchy rash with small, fluid-filled blisters. Chickenpox is highly contagious to people who haven't had the disease or been vaccinated against it. Routine vaccination is recommended to protect children against infection. If your child hasn’t been vaccinated yet and would like more information about it, find doctors online in Pakistan by downloading My live doctors app on your smartphone.
What causes chickenpox?
Chickenpox infection is caused by a virus and can spread through direct contact with the rash. It can also spread when a person with the chickenpox coughs or sneezes and you inhale the air droplets.
You are at a greater risk of becoming infected with the varicella-zoster virus that causes chickenpox if you haven't already had chickenpox or if you haven't had the chickenpox vaccine. Individuals who work in child care or school settings are at a greater risk and need to be vaccinated.
Most people who have had chickenpox or have been vaccinated against chickenpox are immune to chickenpox. However sometimes you can still get chickenpox even after vaccination but symptoms are often milder. The blisters tend to be fewer with mild to no fever. Getting chickenpox more than once is rare.
Which people are at risk?
People who are more likely to get chickenpox complications are:
- Newborns and infants whose mothers never had chickenpox or the vaccine
- Adolescents and adults
- Pregnant women
- People with weak or compromised immune systems
- People on steroid medications for another disease or condition, such as asthma
If you think you have one or more of these risk factors or are at higher risk of getting chickenpox and haven’t had the vaccine yet then talk to your doctor about getting you and your child vaccinated. For expert medical advice at home find doctors online and book a tele-appointment with doctor in Pakistan.
Signs and Symptoms
Blisters and rash caused by chickenpox infection appear 10 to 21 days after exposure to the virus and usually lasts about five to 10 days. Other signs and symptoms, which may appear a few day before the rash, include:
- Loss of appetite
- Tiredness and a general feeling of being unwell (malaise)
If you or your child gets chickenpox you may be able to note that it goes through the following 3 phases:
- Raised pink or red bumps (papules), which break out over several days
- Small fluid-filled blisters (vesicles), which form in about one day and then break and leak
- Crusts and scabs, which cover the broken blisters. This is the healing phase
Since this is an ongoing infection you might notice all 3 stages appearing at the same time. The infection is contagious for up to 48 hours before the rash appears, and the virus remains contagious until all broken blisters have crusted over. So it is better to keep your child at home and not send to school until all the blisters have crusted over. If you want a doctor’s note then schedule a tele-appointment with doctor and get one from the comfort of your own home.
Healthy children usually have the milder form of infection. In severe cases, the rash can cover the entire body, and lesions may form in the throat, eyes, and mucous membranes of the urethra, anus and vagina.
When should you see a doctor?
If you think you or your child might have chickenpox go to your doctor immediately. A confirmed diagnosis is usually made by examining the rash and considering other symptoms. You can also show your rash and blisters on live video consultation. Your online doctor may prescribe medications to lessen the severity of chickenpox symptoms. To avoid transmitting the infection to other individuals at the hospital or in the waiting room, call ahead for an appointment or inform the concerned personnel about your condition. Or get an online medical consultation by booking an appointment at My live doctors.
It is important to tell the doctor if you have the following symptoms:
- The rash spreads to one or both eyes.
- The rash gets very red, warm or tender.
- The rash is accompanied by dizziness, disorientation, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, tremors, loss of muscle coordination, worsening cough, vomiting, stiff neck or a fever higher than 102 F (38.9 C).
- Anyone in the household has a problem with his or her immune system or is younger than 6 months.
Book a tele-appointment with doctor in Pakistan at My live doctors.
Chickenpox can be harmful for the baby if contracted during pregnancy. It can cause low birth weight and limb abnormalities are more common among women infected with chickenpox early in their pregnancy. When a mother is infected with chickenpox in the week before birth or within a couple of days after giving birth, her baby has a higher risk of developing a serious, life-threatening infection.
If you’re pregnant and think you may have chickenpox then talk to your doctor about it.
Is chickenpox and shingles the same thing?
Shingles is the term used for recurrent chickenpox infection that usually occurs in adult life. If you have had chickenpox in childhood, the varicella-zoster virus remains in your nerve cells even after the infection is over. Many years later, the virus can reactivate and cause shingles, It manifest as a painful cluster of short-lived blisters. The virus is more likely to reappear in older adults and people who have weakened immune systems. The pain of shingles can persist long after the blisters disappear.
Shingles vaccines are available for adults who have had chickenpox.
How do you treat chickenpox?
There is no pill that can cure chickenpox. It completes its course and heals on its own. Your doctor may prescribe an antihistamine or soothing lotion to relieve itching. In complicated cases or in individuals who are at a higher risk of developing an infection may be given anti-viral medication to shorten the length of illness and quicker symptom relief.
For more information on common health conditions please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
WHY YOUR PERIOD IS IRREGULAR
Every woman’s body is different. A typical menstrual cycle is around 28 days but can vary anywhere from 24 to 35 days. For some women it’s consistent, for others it is irregular and unpredictable. It could last longer or shorter. A period usually lasts about 2 to 8 days. The length could vary as it is influenced by several factors such as stress, heavy physical activity and other medical conditions. Do you have regular periods? If not, does it need treatment? Do you know the cause? See your doctor if you haven’t already or find best online physician by searching online. You can book a tele-appointment with doctor in Lahore or any city in Pakistan by downloading the online doctor app My live doctors on your smartphone or mobile device.
What do you mean by irregular periods?
You may have irregular periods the interval (number of days) between each period starts to change, the severity of bleeding may change i.e. you lose more or less blood during a period than usual or the number of days that your period lasts varies a lot. When a woman first begins to menstruate, it can take up to 2 years to establish a regular cycle. After puberty, most women's menstruation is regular. Women who have irregular periods tend to have some underlying hormonal problem or another medical condition that influences the menstrual cycle such as PCOS and thyroid problems.
What causes irregular menstrual cycles?
There are many things that can cause irregular periods. Changes in your body can affect the levels of hormones (estrogen and progesterone) in your system. Fluctuation of hormones can disrupt the normal pattern of your period. That's why young girls going through puberty and women approaching menopause commonly have irregular periods. During puberty it may take around 2 years for the female sex hormones to achieve a balance. Menopause occurs when 12 months have passed since the last period.
Other factors that may cause irregular periods include:
- Having an intrauterine device (IUD)
- Changing birth control pills or using certain medications
- Too much exercise
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In PCOS, women do not ovulate every month. Other symptoms include weight gain, acne and excessive growth of facial hair.
- PID (pelvic inflammatory disease can also affect the menstrual cycle. It can be treated if caught early but if it spreads it can damage the uterus and fallopian tubes as well.
- Pregnancy or breastfeeding
- Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism.
- Thickening of or polyps on the uterine lining
- Uterine fibroids
Note: Pregnancy is a natural cause of cessation of menstruation and breastfeeding is a common cause for irregular cycles as well. It may take up to a year or longer for regular cycles to begin again.
Symptoms associated with irregular periods
Varying degrees of menstruation isn’t the only symptom of irregular menstrual cycles. Other symptoms linked with it are:
- Excessive weight gain
- Excessive weight loss
- Emotional stress
- Eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia
Strength training or endurance exercises can also affect the menstrual cycle. Sometimes irregular periods can indicate a more serious underlying problem such as infertility.
If you think you have any of the above risk factors then see your doctor immediately. Discuss your health problems and work out a treatment plan that works for you. You can also find doctors online in any city across Pakistan and get expert medical advice on the go or from the comfort of your own home. So book a tele-appointment with doctor by downloading the My live doctors app on your smartphone or mobile device.
Online doctors on telemedicine platforms such as this one work around the clock to serve individuals who may not have access to a medical facility in their region. Find best physician online to help you treat basic everyday health conditions such as the flu, headache and stomach ache without having to travel long distances. My live doctors provides access to qualified healthcare professionals and quality healthcare to individuals living in rural and remote areas of Pakistan.
How do you treat irregular periods
The treatment largely depends on the underlying condition. In fact most doctors will tell you don’t need treatment unless it’s bothering you, you want to conceive a child or you have some other medical condition that’s affecting your menstrual cycle.
If you have a medical condition like PCOS or thyroid related issues, the goal would be to restore a hormonal harmony inside the body. Your doctor may prescribe birth control pills for PCOS and thyroid supplements in case of an underactive thyroid.
If you are on birth control and you are having irregular periods 3 months after beginning it then talk to your doctor about alternative medication.
There are certain lifestyle factors that your doctor may tell you about. For instance if you exercise a lot, it may affect your period. If you’re obese and lead a sedentary lifestyle chances are you will gain more weight because of it. Being overweight increases the likelihood of developing hormonal disorders. If you need a dietician to help you with a healthy diet plan then look up your doctor and find best doctor online at My live doctors.
Hormonal therapy is also a popular method of treatment to restore and achieve a hormonal balance. Your doctor may prescribe birth control pill to help regulate estrogen and progesterone levels and to help streamline irregular periods. If you are trying to have a baby then other medication will be prescribed.
If you experience the following signs or symptoms you should see a doctor immediately:
- You miss three or more periods in a year.
- Your menstrual cycle is shorter than 21 days
- Your menstrual cycle is longer than 35 days.
- You are bleeding more heavily than usual during your period.
- You bleed for more than 7 days.
- You have more pain than usual during a period.
If you can’t go to a doctor then find doctors online in any city across Pakistan. My live doctors isn’t just convenient, it is quick, efficient and lighter on the pocket too! For more information on women’s health, please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
DO YOU NEED TO UNDERSTAND YOUR RADIOLOGY REPORT
Did you fall and break a bone? Is your child hurt and you need to get his/her x-ray checked from a radiologist? Maybe you had an ultrasound for a stomach ache but you don’t know what the report means. Do you need to understand your radiology report? Need to understand your CT scan/MRI, xray, ultrasound? Whatever the case may be, you can instantly connect to online radiologists by downloading a telemedicine app on your smartphone. Find doctors online at My live doctors and send them a picture of your scan and report or take it to out radiologist for an interpretation of your radiology report yourself.
Sometimes we delay seeking help and treatment for minor incidents, but when it comes to your or your child’s health don’t take it lightly. Don’t wait. If you need to understand, ask our specialist radiologists for your report explanation. Radiology plays an extremely important role in the field of medicine and is vital for disease management. Technological advancement has provided doctors and patients a wide choice of tools and techniques available for the detection, staging and treatment of disease. Diagnostic imaging provides detailed information about structural or disease related changes inside the body. Early diagnosis and intervention saves more lives.
Is radiology really that important?
All hospitals (particularly tertiary care hospitals) cannot function without a radiology department or radiologist. Radiology is now the key diagnostic tool for many diseases and has an significant role in monitoring treatment and predicting the outcome of disease. The good news is that you can get your radiology report interpreted from a professional radiologist without going to the hospital. Not satisfied with your current doctor and need a second opinion? No problem, find doctors online at My live doctors and share your report with a qualified radiologist.
What does a radiologist do anyway?
A radiologist is a medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating disease and injury, using medical imaging techniques such as x-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET), fusion imaging, and ultrasound. These are different forms of imaging and a doctor who is trained and equipped to use these machines and read their results should interpret radiology reports for patients who want to understand them. Radiologists have developed the knowledge of the appropriate integrated imaging algorithms to maximise clinical effectiveness.
X-ray was the first imaging tool to view bones and it changed the field of medicine forever. The ability to use imaging to see inside the body, diagnose a broken bone, view air pockets in the abdomen and diagnose diseases made radiology necessary for medical care. X-rays use radiation to look through the body and see foreign objects and bones. It is not harmful for the human body and is only used when necessary.
A computerized tomography (CT) scan comprises of a series of X-ray images taken from different angles around your body. The area of the body that needs scanning depends upon the patient’s complaint. Computer processing is used to create cross-sectional images (slices) of the bones, blood vessels and soft tissues inside your body.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) involves the use of a powerful magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to produce detailed pictures of the inside of your body. Depending upon the medical condition it is used to help diagnose or monitor treatment for a variety of conditions within the chest, abdomen and pelvis. MRI can also be used for brain injury since it gives very detailed pictures of soft tissues like the brain. Air and hard bone do not give an MRI signal so these areas appear black. MRI can be used to detect brain tumors, traumatic brain injury, developmental anomalies, multiple sclerosis, stroke, dementia, infection, and the causes of headache.
An ultrasound scan is an imaging tool that uses high-frequency sound waves to capture live images from the inside of your body. It's also known as sonography. It is an extremely common and principal tool used to monitor a developing baby inside the womb during pregnancy. An ultrasound allows your doctor to see problems with organs, vessels, and tissues without needing to make an incision.
Ask specialist radiologists for your report explanation
With an increase in the influx of patients, doctors have become pressed for time. Teleradiology or telemedicine plays a role in reducing the stress for both doctors and patients. Telemedicine is more than just a passing fad in the digital age. Why travel long distances and wait hours when you can reap the benefits of telemedicine with real-time online consultations. My live doctors make it easier and quicker for people to access quality healthcare and qualified healthcare professionals on the go or from the comfort of their own home.
How Patients Benefit from tele-radiologists
If you have a radiology report that you need to understand then book a tele-appointment with online doctor today. Patients need results from X-rays, MRIs, CT scans, and other diagnostic imaging services as quickly as possible, which requires an expert opinion provided by a trained radiologist. Telemedicine for radiology improves the patient experience and improves patient care because it makes it possible for the doctors provide their services without being in the patient’s location. Remote diagnosis, treatment and monitoring not only saves time but money too!
If you need to talk to a doctor in case of an emergency you can easily and efficiently consult with one at My live doctors. Talk to an online doctor on video call and let the doctor examine you carefully, read your scans and lab reports and perhaps consult with other professionals about your condition as well. All this and more from the comfort of home.
With telemedicine tools, you no longer have to get in your car, drive to the hospital, and wait for doctors in the middle of the night. Online radiologists are at your disposal when your schedule calls for it. As a result, you can maximize your time, manage your schedule more effectively.
Disclaimer- This is a service to help you understand medical jargon (language) and not to deliver medical advice or treatment of any nature. Do not begin treatment without consulting your primary healthcare provider.
For more information of on different health conditions please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
ARE YOU MALE, ABOVE 60 AND HAVE TROUBLE URINATING?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) refers to enlargement of the prostate gland. It is a common condition as men get older. Data shows that the prevalence of BPH is approximately 60% for men in their 60s and rises to as high as 80 to 90 percent for men in their seventies and eighties. An enlarged prostate gland often causes uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as difficulty peeing, particularly after you wake up in the morning. The enlarged prostate gland compresses the urethra (urinary tube) and blocks the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.
If you fit the picture of a male, above 60 with urinary complaints better talk to your doctor about it or find best physician online and book a tele-appointment with doctor online in any city in Pakistan and get expert medical advice about your complaints from home.
What does the prostate gland do?
The prostate is a small gland no larger than a walnut located between the bladder and the penis. The prostate is just in front of the rectum. The urethra runs through the center of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow out of the body. It secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm. During ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra, and it’s expelled with sperm as semen.
What causes BPH?
Doctors don’t really know what causes BPH. The prostate gland actually doubles in size early in puberty. Later in life, around age 25, it starts to grow again. For most men, this growth happens for the rest of their lives and accelerates even more so after 60 years of age causing BPH.
BPH is a treatable condition with several effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement, including medications, minimally invasive therapies and surgery. Find doctors online to choose the best option for you according to your symptoms, the size of your prostate, other health conditions you might have and your preferences. The severity of symptoms doesn’t necessarily depend on the size of the prostate gland. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have significant symptoms, while other men with very enlarged prostates can have only minor urinary symptoms.
There are certain things that can increase the likelihood of developing BPH:
- Age. Prostate gland enlargement rarely causes signs and symptoms in men younger than age 40. About 33% of men experience moderate to severe symptoms by age 60, and about half do so by age 80.
- Family history. Having first degree relatives with BPH increases the chances of you getting it as well.
- Diabetes and heart disease. Studies show that diabetes, as well as heart disease and the consequent use of beta blockers (medication), might increase the risk of BPH.
- Lifestyle. Obesity increases the risk of BPH, while exercise can lower your risk.
Signs and symptoms of BPH
The severity of symptoms in people with BPH is differs from individual to individual, but symptoms tend to gradually worsen over time. Common signs and symptoms of BPH include:
- Frequent or urgent need to urinate
- Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
- Difficulty starting urination
- Weak urine flow or a stream that stops and starts
- Dribbling at the end of urination
- Inability to completely empty the bladder
- Leaking of urine droplets
Less common signs and symptoms include urinary tract infection, inability to urinate to satisfaction, or blood in the urine. Medical conditions that cause similar symptoms to BPH include:
- Urinary tract infection
- Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)
- Narrowing of the urethra (urethral stricture)
- Scarring of the urinary tract as a result of previous surgery
- Bladder or kidney stones
- Nerve problems of the bladder
- Cancer of the prostate or bladder
When should you see a doctor?
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, discuss them with your doctor. Even if the symptoms don’t bother you too much, chances are they will worsen over time. It is important to identify or rule out any underlying causes. Untreated or undiagnosed problems are more difficult to manage and may cause complications. If you want to skip the waiting room then find doctors online by downloading My live doctors app on your smartphone or mobile device. Here you can instantly connect to qualified healthcare professionals from home for medical guidance.
Note: Inability to pass urine at all is a medical emergency. Contact your doctor immediately.
How is BPH diagnosed?
As with any medical condition your doctor will begin with a medical and family history. Questions will be asked about signs and symptoms to establish the severity of the condition.
Next comes the physical examination. This may include a digital rectal exam. During this you will lie on one side and a finger will gently be inserted into your rectum to check the size and shape of your prostate.
Your doctor may advise some basic tests like blood tests to check for kidney problems, urine tests to check for infection, PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test as high PSA levels may be a sign of a larger-than-usual prostate as well as an indicator of prostate cancer.
How do you treat BPH
Treatment depends upon on your age, health, the size of your prostate, and how BPH affects you. If your symptoms don’t bother you too much, you can put off treatment and see how it goes. Having said that here are some things you can do at home to help with symptom relief and slow progression of disease altogether.
Small lifestyle changes like increasing physical activity, eating healthier, doing exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles, limiting caffeine and alcohol intake can go a long way.
For mild to moderate BPH, your doctor might prescribe medication. Some medications work by relaxing the muscles in your prostate and bladder. Others help shrink your prostate. Some may get a combination of meds to help relieve symptoms quicker.
Minimally invasive procedures are used if lifestyle changes and medications don’t work. It is not the same as surgery as probes or scopes and don’t require large cuts in your body are used. Examples of a minimally invasive procedures are TUMT, TUNA, or Rezum which use a varied form of energy to destroy part of the prostate.
Other, more extensive surgical procedures include laser therapy to remove part of your prostate, transurethral resection of the prostate, or TURP, in which the doctor uses a scope and cuts out pieces of the gland , transurethral incision of the prostate or TUIP, in which a few small cuts are made in the prostate to reduce the gland’s pressure on the urethra.
If you would like to know more about these procedures then book a tele-appointment with online doctor in Pakistan now at www.mylivedoctors.com.
TYPHOID IS ON THE RISE IN PAKISTAN
Find best doctors online and know more about it
According to the WHO up to 161,000 typhoid-related deaths occur each year. Typhoid fever is a type of enteric fever (one that affects the intestines) which is a huge health concern in developing countries like Pakistan. From 2016-2018 more than 8000 cases of typhoid were reported out of which more than 5000 were drug-resistant typhoid in Sindh province alone.
Most common complaints of individuals with typhoid are high grade fever, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea or constipation. If you have experienced such symptoms, then see your doctor immediately or you can find best doctors online by downloading an online health service app on your smartphone.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection that can become serious if not diagnosed and treated earlier. If it is caught on time, then it can be treated successfully with antibiotics. It is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. Typically, it is spread through contaminated food and water therefore it is more common in areas where handwashing is infrequent or there are unhygienic environments.
What causes typhoid?
Typhoid fever is caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi. It is commonly thought that the bacteria responsible for salmonellosis is also caused by the same bacteria, but its’s not. Transmission of typhoid is mainly through two routes:
As the name indicates, the bacteria that cause typhoid fever spread through contaminated food or water and occasionally through direct contact with someone who is infected. Typhoid fever is rampant in developing countries like Pakistan, where typhoid fever is considered an endemic. Most cases are caused by consuming contaminated drinking water and poor sanitation and unhygienic environment. People in industrialized countries pick up typhoid bacteria while traveling to such endemic regions and bring it back home and spread it to others through the fecal-oral route. They might even be unaware that they have contracted the bacteria or they may be carriers of the disease despite being treated.
Salmonella typhi is passed in the feces (stool) and sometimes in the urine of infected people. You can contract the infection if you eat food handled by someone with typhoid fever who hasn't washed carefully after using the toilet. You can also become infected by drinking water contaminated with the bacteria.
Some patients of typhoid fever continue to harbor the bacteria in their intestinal tracts or gallbladders for years ever after treatment with antibiotics. Such people are called chronic carriers and shed the bacteria in their feces. They are capable of infecting others, although they no longer have signs or symptoms of the disease themselves.
Who is at risk of getting typhoid?
Typhoid fever remains a serious health concern world over— especially in the developing world — affecting an estimated 26 million or more people each year. The disease is established (endemic) in India, Southeast Asia, Africa, South America and many other areas. Children are at greatest risk of getting the disease though they generally show milder symptoms compared to adults.
You might be at an increased risk of developing typhoid fever if you:
- Work in or travel to endemic areas of typhoid fever
- Work in a setting that involves handling Salmonella typhi bacteria
- Have close contact with someone who is infected or has recently been infected with typhoid fever
- Drink water contaminated by sewage that contains Salmonella typhi
Signs and symptoms of typhoid
Signs and symptoms of typhoid don’t occur immediately after contracting the bacteria. It usually takes one to three weeks for signs and symptoms to appear after exposure to the disease.
Early signs and symptoms include:
- Fever that starts low and increases daily, possibly reaching as high as 104.9 F (40.5 C)
- Weakness and fatigue
- Muscle aches
- Dry cough
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Extremely swollen abdomen
Later on as the fever progresses and treatment hasn’t begun then you may become delirious, fatigue and extreme lethargy.
If you develop signs and symptoms after travel or if you live in an endemic region, then consult with your primary healthcare provider immediately. You can also find best doctors online at My live doctors, a telemedicine app that connects you with online doctors instantly. It is not only quick, but cheap and efficient too. It allows you to get expert medical advice at home! A specialist in Pakistan may be able to recognize and treat this illness more quickly than can a doctor who isn't familiar with these areas.
My live doctors makes quality healthcare accessible to people who live in rural or remote regions who otherwise may not be able to reach a medical facility nearby. It allows patients in villages to talk to qualified healthcare professionals online and monitor their health condition remotely. If the doctor feels there needs to be a more detailed assessment then the patient will be guided accordingly.
How do you treat typhoid?
In case of typhoid, prevention of disease plays a more important role than treatment itself. Typhoid vaccines are available for people who travel to typhoid-prevalent regions. Other measures to prevent typhoid include:
- Proper and frequent handwashing with soap and water, particularly after using the bathroom
- Drink only bottled, canned or boiled water
- Avoid eating raw fruits and vegetables
- Try to eat freshly cooked hot foods and avoid street vendors
- Infected individuals should take their antibiotics to prevent infecting other
- Infected individuals should avoid food handling until their doctor tells them they are no longer contagious
The mainstay of treatment of typhoid is antibiotics. Usually a combination of antibiotics are given. Most commonly used antibiotics are ciprofloxacin, azithromycin and ceftriaxone. Other drugs may also be used in drug resistant typhoid. Chloramphenicol used to be the drug of choice for drug resistant typhoid but it is not used as much now because of its side effects and widespread relapse after using it.
Supportive measures include frequently monitoring fever and drinking plenty of water to prevent dehydration due to diarrhea. For more information on different causes of abdominal pain, please visit www.mylivedoctors.com
CAN MALARIA BE LIFE THREATENING?
Malaria can be potentially life threatening if not caught early. Most people complain of high grade fever with shivering and chills along with severe body ache. If you have these symptoms then see your doctor as soon as possible or book an appointment with doctors online and discuss your symptoms with them.
Why is malaria so dangerous?
The parasites responsible for the spread of malaria are present in mosquitos and belong to the Plasmodium genus. Over 100 types of Plasmodium parasite can infect a variety of species. Different types of plasmodium can multiply and spread at different rates in different environments, can manifest varying symptoms, change how quickly the symptoms escalate, and the severity of the disease.
There are five types of Plasmodium parasite that are infectious to humans. These occur in different parts of the world. Some types of malaria are worse than others. Once an infected mosquito bites a human, the parasites begin to multiply in the liver before moving into the bloodstream and destroying red blood cells.
In most cases early diagnosis can help treat and control malaria. However, some countries (mostly developing nations) lack the resources to carry out effective screening. Pakistan has one of the highest of malaria-related deaths. Currently, no vaccine is available. In the United States, between 1,500 and 2,000 cases still occur each year, mostly in those who have recently traveled to malaria-endemic areas. If you have traveled to an endemic region or are planning to then get expert medical advice about necessary precautions from your doctor. You could also find best physician online and discuss your concerns from home!
Not so fun facts (WHO)
- Malaria is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable.
- In 2017, there were an estimated 219 million cases of malaria in 87 countries.
- The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 435 000 in 2017.
- Total funding for malaria control and elimination reached an estimated US$ 3.1 billion in 2017. Contributions from governments of endemic countries amounted to US$ 900 million.
Who is at risk of getting malaria?
If you fall under any of these categories then book an online appointment and discuss your concerns with a qualified health professional. Learn how you can prevent malaria. According to different studies, in 2017, nearly half of the world's population was at risk of getting malaria. Most malaria cases and deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa but according to the WHO other regions like South-East Asia, Eastern Mediterranean, Western Pacific, and the Americas are also at risk. In 2017, 87 countries and areas had ongoing malaria transmission.
There are certain people who are at a greater risk of getting malaria and developing severe disease. These include:
- children under 5 years of age
- pregnant women
- patients with HIV/AIDS
- patients with other medical conditions that compromise the immune system
- non-immune migrants
- mobile populations and travelers
National malaria control programs are carried out in Pakistan and but they still need to focus on preventive medicine and take special measures to protect these population groups from malaria infection, taking into consideration their specific circumstances.
Book an appointment with a doctor to find out what causes malaria
The plasmodium parasite is the main causative organism and since it is transmitted through blood it can also be transmitted by:
- an infected mother to her baby at birth (congenital malaria)
- a blood transfusion of un-screened blood
- an organ transplant
- sharing used needles and syringes
Signs and symptoms of malaria
The symptoms of malaria don’t show as soon a person is infected. They start to develop symptoms within 10 days to 4 weeks following the infection. In some cases, symptoms may not develop for several months as some malarial parasites can enter the body but become inactive or dormant for long periods of time.
Initially, the milder form of malaria is sometimes also called uncomplicated malaria since symptoms aren’t suggestive of severe infection or organ damage. Common symptoms of malaria include:
- shaking chills that can range from moderate to severe
- high fever
- profuse sweating
- abdominal pain
Can I find doctors online in Pakistan for malaria?
In areas where malaria is endemic, if you experience such symptoms you should see your doctor as soon as possible to rule out malaria. For immediate consultation you can find expert doctors online in Lahore or any city in Pakistan by downloading the My live doctors app on your smartphone. It’s a quick and convenient way of seeing a doctor from the comfort of your own home. At least you can receive medical guidance until you are able to visit a doctor.
More severe infection may cause
- muscle pain
- fever with chills
- impaired consciousness
- deep breathing
- abnormal bleeding or bloody stool
- toxic look
- signs of clinical jaundice or anemia
If you think you might have a severe infection go to the Emergency department right away. A severe infection requires a hospital setup for quick and aggressive treatment. Online health services like My live doctors can help you find a physician in your region or area. If you live in a rural or remote area then an online medical consultation with a competent online doctor in Lahore or any city in Pakistan can help you begin malaria management at home until you are able to get professional help.
How to treat malaria?
The goal of the treatment is to remove the parasite from the bloodstream. Depending upon the severity of infection your doctor is likely to prescribe one more medications to help with symptom relief and elimination of infection. A severe infection may require a day or two of hospital stay.
The most important aspect of treatment is prevention. Here are a couple of pointers to prevent malaria:
- wear long sleeves
- use bed nets
- use mosquito repellants
- improve hygiene and sanitation
- clean pools of stagnant water
- travelers should get vaccinated
For more information on other infectious diseases please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
MUST KNOW SIGNS OF A HEAT STROKE
Let’s clear something right off the bat. Heat exhaustion is not the same thing as a heat stroke. Heat exhaustion is usually not something serious if the body can cool down within 30 minutes or so. However, a persistently raised body temperature (above 38C) resulting from exposure to heat or excessive physical exertion is termed as a heat stroke. Pakistan has just experienced one of the worst heat waves. Talk to your doctor about how you can beat the heat or better yet, book an appointment with doctor online and learn how you can prevent a heat stroke.
The rise in body temperature is also known as ‘hyperthermia’. If not treated quickly and aggressively it could be fatal. A heat stroke is a medical emergency. Most common symptoms of a heat stroke are confusion, agitation, disorientation and altered consciousness. If you experience any of these symptoms or see someone else call your local emergency number. If you are unable to get help, download the online doctor app, My live doctors on your smartphone and find doctors online anywhere in Pakistan to help you manage a heat stroke until you reach a hospital.
When does a heat stroke occur?
Heat stroke, a form of hyperthermia or heat-related illness, refers to an elevated body temperature associated with physical symptoms. The nervous system is also affected in the process. A heat stroke is not the same as ‘stroke’ in which there is decreased blood flow to the brain. A heat stroke is sometimes also called a sun stroke.
Less severe forms of hyperthermia are heat cramps and heat exhaustion, but a heat stroke is a true medical emergency that is often fatal if not properly and promptly treated. Severe hyperthermia is defined as a body temperature of 104 F (40 C) or higher.
What causes a heat stroke?
Normally, the body generates heat as a result of metabolism, and is usually able to release the heat by radiation of heat through the skin or by evaporation of sweat. However, exposure to extreme heat, high humidity, or strenuous and excessive physical exertion under the sun, the body may not be able to dissipate the heat effectively, as a result of which the body temperature rises. Sometimes up to 106 F (41.1 C) or higher. Another important factor besides heat exposure that can increase the risk of getting a heat stroke is dehydration. A dehydrated person may not be able to sweat fast enough to dissipate heat, which causes the body temperature to rise.
Who is at risk of getting a heat stroke?
There are certain people who are more susceptible (at risk) to heat stroke:
- The elderly (often with associated heart diseases, lung diseases, kidney diseases, or who are taking medications that make them vulnerable to dehydration and heat strokes)
- People who work outside and physically exert themselves under the sun
- Infants, children, or pets left in cars.
If you or someone you know belongs to one of these groups and is more prone to getting a heat stroke, protect them by getting expert medical advice. Skip the waiting room and long waiting hours. Book appointment with a doctor online and get guidance at home.
How can I find the best online physician?
Online health services like My live doctors comprises of a team of qualified health professionals who work around the clock to serve patients across Pakistan. People living in rural and remote areas who don’t have access to quality healthcare are now able to contact online doctors from their villages to get medical advice and get treated for everyday health problems as well.
Download the My live doctors app to book a tele-appointment with doctor online.
Signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion
Here are some signs of heat exhaustion that you should look out for. If the body is cooled down aat this stage, it is less likely to progress to heat stroke.
- muscle cramps and aches
- loss of appetite and feeling sick
- feeling very thirsty
- increased pulse
The symptoms of heat exhaustion in children and adults are usually the same but children may seem to go limp and floppy.
If someone has heat exhaustion, the body needs to cool down. However, a heat stroke may occur before you have had the chance to cool down. Here are the must-know signs of a heat stroke.
- high body temperature
- the absence of sweating
- hot red or flushed dry skin
- rapid pulse
- difficulty breathing
- strange behavior
If you experience one or more of the above symptoms you need medical attention fast. A quick way to find doctors in Pakistan is through the online doctor app. Talk to your doctor wherever you are and get treated instantly.
How do you treat a heat stroke?
The purpose of immediate treatment is to prevent complications such as organ damage. Here are some things you can do as first aid treatment:
- Move the person to a shaded/covered area, remove clothing, apply cool or tepid water to the skin (for example, you can spray the person with cool water from a garden hose), fan the victim to promote sweating and evaporation, and place ice packs under the armpits and groin.
- If the person is able to drink liquids, have them drink cool water or other cool beverages that do not contain alcohol or caffeine.
- Monitor body temperature with a thermometer and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops to 101 to 102 F (38.3 to 38.8 C).
- Meanwhile keep calling the local emergency number if you haven’t already. If their arrival is delayed, they can give you further instructions for treatment of the victim.
Can you prevent a heat stroke?
Prevention is always better than cure. The most important steps you can take to prevent heat strokes are to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. If the nature of your work demands long hours under the sun then make sure you keep a refillable water bottle with you at all times. Move to a shaded area during breaks.
Other tips include avoiding vigorous physical activities in hot and humid weather. If you have to perform physical activities in hot weather, replenish your body with fluids (such as water and sports drinks), but avoid alcohol, and caffeine (including soft drinks and tea), which may lead to dehydration.
Excessive sweating may lead to electrolyte imbalance. Replenish your body with electrolytes (such as sodium) as well as fluids if you sweat excessively or perform vigorous activity in the sunlight for prolonged periods. Wear hats and light-colored, lightweight, loose clothes.
Keep cars locked when not in use and never, ever, leave infants, children or pets unattended in a locked car.
For more details on stroke and other health conditions please visit www.mylivedoctors.com.
ITCHY SKIN- WHAT CAUSES IT?
Itchy skin also known as pruritus can cause a great deal of discomfort in people. Sometimes, it can be tough to diagnose or difficult to understand what exactly is causing the skin to itch. If you have itchy skin and don’t know what’ causing it then talk to your doctor or find a doctor in Pakistan with an online doctor app on your phone and get professional medical advice from home!
In some cases, something as simple as a rash can cause itchy skin but in other cases it could be the result of another skin condition. Itchy skin can also be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition such as liver disease or kidney failure. For complete recovery and symptoms relief, it is important to identify the problem and treat the underlying cause.
What is a rash exactly?
Our skin acts as a barrier that protects the inside of the body. It contains special cells of the immune system that function to protect the body and skin from different infections caused by viruses, bacteria, and other foreign microbial agents.
Once the skin cells are damaged by an irritant or harmful substance, an immune reaction is triggered by immune cells that causes the area to become inflamed. It walls off the infection and prevents it from spreading to the rest of the body. This inflammation is referred to as a rash or dermatitis. This can lead to itching. Some rashes are red, painful, and irritable, while others can lead to blisters or patches of raw skin.
What causes itchy skin?
Itching is a common symptom when it comes to skin complaints. An itch may be generalized and affect all parts of the body or may be restricted to a specific area depending on the cause.
Here are some common causes of pruritus or itchy skin:
- Dry skin. It is one of the most common causes of itchy skin. If the itch is more uniform rather than appearing as isolated red or bumpy patches it is most likely due to dry skin. If your skin becomes scaly, flaky or gets cracks. Excessive hot or cold weather can cause dry skin. Not drinking enough water and washing too much can also lead to dry skin. A good moisturizer can usually help repair dry skin. Extremely dry skin can be a warning sign of dermatitis, so see a dermatologist to help get relief and keep the condition from becoming worse.
- Eczema. Also known as atopic dermatitis, it is the most common cause of skin rash in children. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI) report, eczema affects 1 in 5 infants but only 1 in 50 adults. It usually occurs in a patch of skin that has been breached. It makes that area more vulnerable to drying out, irritation and inflammation.
- Allergies. When the skin comes into direct contact with an allergen, it can cause allergic contact dermatitis. An allergen is a substance that activates the immune system to elicit a response. The allergic reaction causes itchy skin or an itchy rash that may or may not be associated with small blisters or bumps. Different allergens include clothing, jewelry, pets, chemicals, soaps, and substances such as poison ivy or cosmetics. Food allergies can also cause the skin to itch. The best way to treat a skin allergy is to avoid the allergen once it has been identified. Over-the-counter creams or medicated creams also provide quick symptom relief.
- Hives. Inflammation of the skin causing it to become red, swollen and painful is called hives. It is caused by the release of a chemical in the body called histamine. This release causes small blood vessels to leak, which causes the skin to swell. It can either occur after coming into contact with an allergic trigger, such as a particular food or medication. The cause can be non-allergic as well, like extremes of temperature in hot or cold weather, sun exposure, or exercise. Sometimes hives can be a chronic condition and can last for months or years. It causes a great deal of discomfort to the patient but can be managed effectively. According to the ACAAI, hives can affect about 20 percent of people at some point in their life.
- Bug bites. This is more common than one thinks. Anything from a mosquito bite to a spider bite can cause the skin to flare up and become itchy. The redness caused by most bug bites resolves within 7-14 days. Bed bugs and mites may produce a bigger rash compared to other bugs and can cause the whole body to itch. In case of a bed bug infestation, you need to remove all furniture and clean the room thoroughly with repellent. All affected items should be washed at 60 ºC. You might even have to call fumigation services to ensure complete removal.
- Psychological. Certain psychiatric conditions like depression, OCD and anxiety can cause itchy skin. Sometimes there is no physical cause.
- Other conditions. Itchy skin may also be caused by other conditions like fungal infections, underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, chronic kidney disease and shingles.
If you think you have any of the above conditions and itchy skin as a result of it, see your doctor and get treated. Or book an online doctor appointment in Lahore or any city and find an online doctor in Pakistan to help you manage this condition from home! Download the My live doctors app on your smartphone and search for online doctors on the online clinic list in Pakistan
Online health services like My live doctors is a quick and effective way to access qualified healthcare professionals from the comfort of your own home or on the go.
How do you treat itchy skin?
Treatment of itchy skin depends on the underlying cause. However, there are certain things you can do for quick symptom relief.
- Use a good moisturizer for dry skin
- Over the counter anti-itch creams soothe inflamed and sore skin
- Over the counter oral anti-histamines are also useful
- Apply a cool compress to the affected area
- Avoid irritable substances on the skin
- Choose mild soaps and detergents.
For a more specific treatment suited to your condition, you will need to see you doctor. Or get an appointment with online physician in Pakistan at https://mylivedoctors.com.
BRAIN-EATING BUG IN PAKISTAN CLAIMS LIVES IN 2019
Naegleria fowleri, more commonly known as the "brain-eating amoeba", is a shape-shifting species that causes a sudden severe infection in the brain called naegleriasis. It is a fatal infection in most cases. This species is typically found in bodies of warm freshwater, such as ponds, lakes, rivers, and hot springs. It is also found in the soil near warm-water discharges of industrial plants, and in unchlorinated or minimally-chlorinated swimming pools.
This brain-eating bug spreads in summers as it thrives in warm water. As the water temperature rises, its numbers increase. There is no evidence of this species living in salt water.
This brain-eating infection is rare but is more common in the summer months. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), only 34 cases were reported in the United States between the years 2008 and 2017. In Pakistan however, there have been several cases this year alone.
What is naegleriasis?
Also known as primary amoebic meningoencephalitis, it is an infection of brain. Signs and symptoms appear up to 9 days after exposure to the micro-organism. Initial symptoms include change in taste and smell and headache.
If you have recently been to a pool, or on a picnic at a lake and start feeling ill a couple of days later, do not wait and see your doctor immediately.
How does it get to the brain?
N. fowleri eventually gets to the brain through the nose. It travels in the mucosal lining of the nasal passage and invades the nasal tissues. Contaminated water enters the nose during activities like swimming, bathing or nasal irrigation. The bug travels along the olfactory nerves (responsible for smell) deeper into the skull and then into the brain. There it feeds on brain tissue until tissue begins to die and bleeding starts.
Once the brain infection begins the immune system sends an army of soldier cells to the site of infection that tries to wall off the infection. This results in the inflammation of the brain and swelling. However, since the brain is warm and moist just like other fresh water bodies, it is an ideal environment for the amoeba. The brain continues to swell and because this infection is contained within the skull there is no space for the infection to spread. The rising pressure inside the skull causes the brain to disconnect from the spinal cord hence the rest of the body as well.
What are the signs and symptoms?
Most people wouldn’t go the doctor’s with a headache. However, if there is a recent history of going to the pool, lake or nasal irrigation from a public water supply such as a public washroom then please see your doctor just to make sure. If you feel like your food doesn’t taste the way it usually does, or notice that your sense of smell has altered, mention these changes to your doctor as well.
Other signs and symptoms to look out for are:
- Stiff neck
These are non-specific symptoms that are likely to show up a few days after contact with the amoeba. Since N. Fowleri causes a type of meningitis, more severe infection would cause more serious symptoms like:
- Lack of attention
- Lack of coordination
If you think you have been experiencing any of the above symptoms please don’t wait to see your doctor. If you can’t get to one right away then find an online doctor in Pakistan through an online doctor mobile app. You can get an expert medical opinion sitting at home. If the doctor sees it as urgent then visit the nearest medical facility.
Once the symptoms begin, the disease progresses rapidly over the next few days with death occurring within 7-14 days. Remember that there is no age group for this disease. Most commonly it is seen to affect children and young adults who with recent exposure to clean bodies of water.
Under a microscope they are seen to exist in 3 stages; a cyst, a trophozoite and a flagellate. In human tissue it exists as a trophozoite so it can multiply in great numbers and in the spinal fluid as a flagellate. It eats the brain tissue by releasing deadly digestive enzymes that breaks it into pieces.
How is the infection diagnosed?
If you have been to lake, stream, swimming pool or might have inhaled water from other fresh water sources through nasal irrigation and aren’t feeling well, make an appointment to see your healthcare provider right away. Be sure to let them know if you’ve been in any freshwater recently.
Depending on your history and symptoms, a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be collected for testing. CSF is the fluid that surrounds and protects your brain and spinal cord. It’s collected through a process called a lumbar puncture. This is done by inserting a needle between two of the vertebrae (backbones) in your lower back.
A CSF sample can provide information on CSF pressure as well as levels of blood cells and proteins, which are abnormal in people with PAM. The actual Naegleria amoeba may also be visible under the microscope in a CSF sample.
If the doctor feels it is necessary, you may also need to have an MRI or CT scan done on your head.
If you want to get your lab reports checked or a radiology scan like an MRI/CT interpreted then find an online radiologist at My live doctors and understand what the report means. Download the app on your smartphone or mobile device, sign up for free and book an online doctor appointment in Pakistan.
Ask a doctor in Lahore or any city across Pakistan and receive expert medical advice from the comfort of your own home. You don’t need to travel long distances for a second opinion anymore. With Online health services like My live doctors you can access qualified healthcare professionals anytime, anywhere.
How do you treat the infection?
Effective treatment methods are still being studied and explored since it is a rare infection. However, the antifungal medication amphotericin B can be given intravenously or injected into the area around your spinal cord. Another new drug called miltefosine seems to be useful for treating Naegleria infections. Other anti-fungals and anti-biotics may also be used for symptom relief.
The key is prevention of the infection. Here are some tips:
- Avoid swimming in streams and lakes, especially during warm weather
- Use nose-clamps while swimming to prevent the water from entering your nose
- Swim in pools that are chlorinated and have been properly disinfected
For more information on other health conditions please visit http://mylivedoctors.com.
HOW LONG SHOULD I BREASTFEED MY CHILD?
And other questions asked by new moms answered here
Being a first-time mom can be overwhelming. Everything from diaper-changing to baby baths and most importantly nursing is new territory. There are so many questions that come with this responsibility, especially about breastfeeding. In developing countries like Pakistan there is a lack of awareness. Find an online doctor and get answers at home! We’re going to lay down the basics in this article for your convenience.
If you’re a nursing mom and are facing issues with feeding your baby, talk to your doctor about it and get some help. You can also find an online doctor in Pakistan by downloading a doctor availability app on your smartphone. Look up your doctor, book an online doctor appointment whether you live in Lahore, Karachi or any other city. Getting a professional opinion from the comfort of your own home beats an in-clinic visit. It’s not easy going out with a baby!
Why is breastfeeding so important?
Breastfeeding is a natural way of providing babies and young infants with the nutrients they need for healthy growth and development. Almost all mothers can breastfeed and are encouraged to do so, provided they have accurate information and the support of their family. Their doctors and the health care system and society at large should help as well.
What is colostrum?
Colostrum is the yellowish, sticky breast milk produced at the end of pregnancy and is recommended by the WHO as the perfect food for the newborn. Breastfeeding should be initiated within the first hour after birth. Colostrum is also known as ‘witch’s milk’ and there is a myth that it should be expelled and discarded. You know now it is not unhealthy for the baby.
How long should I breastfeed?
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended up to 6 months of age. Breastmilk contains all the necessary nutrients needed to promote normal healthy growth and development in babies in their first six months of life and remains the most important food during their first year. After that, the weaning process i.e. introduction of food along with continued breastfeeding begins up to two years of age or beyond.
Some babies go down on the number of breastfeeds as they begin to be able to digest solid food. The first foods are more just tastes, and not much is digested or able to be used by the baby. It is around nine to 12 months or later that babies are actually able to ingest (swallow) and use the solid foods that they eat for energy and nutrition.
The duration of breastfeeding varies among mothers and depends on the situation. Working moms may switch to bottle feeding, or feeding by cup. Some mothers experience a decrease in milk supply and go for formula milk instead. Others experience sore nipples, cracks and bleeding and stop breastfeeding altogether. Whatever the case may be, it’s better to keep your doctor in the loop for help and guidance. You can get expert medical advice on an online video conference with online doctors in Pakistan.
Online health services have made it easier for patients to access online specialists and get medical aid or assistance without having to wait long hours at a clinic. This is particularly convenient for a new mom as she is in the recovery phase after delivering a baby. With telemedicine apps like My live doctors you can just ask a doctor online and get answers on your phone by text, email, a phone call or video call.
Can I breastfeed during pregnancy?
An early subsequent pregnancy can take a toll on you physically and mentally with a demanding baby by your side. If you become pregnant, it’s your choice whether you want to continue to breastfeed or you may like to gradually wean your baby. This is an individual choice. Whatever decision you make, it is important to maintain a healthy diet. Seek advice from your healthcare provider or ask an online Physician in Pakistan. With everything available online, seeking healthcare without having to visit a doctor’s office has never been easier.
Benefits of breastfeeding
Breast milk provides the ideal nutrition for infants. It has a nearly perfect mix of vitamins, protein, and fat -- everything your baby needs to grow. Additional benefits include:
- It is more easily digested than infant formula.
- Breast milk contains antibodies that help your baby fight off viruses and bacteria.
- Breastfeeding lowers your baby's risk of having asthma or allergies.
- Babies who are exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months have fewer ear infections, respiratory illnesses, and bouts of diarrhea.
- Breastfed babies have fewer hospitalizations and trips to the doctor.
- Breastfeeding has been linked to higher IQ scores in later childhood in some studies.
- Breastfed infants are more likely to gain the right amount of weight as they grow rather than become overweight children.
- Breastfeeding may play a role in the prevention of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome).
Aside from the physical aspects, the closeness, skin-to-skin touching, and eye contact all help your baby bond with you and feel secure.
Breastfeeding is advantageous for the mother as it burns extra calories, which helps you lose pregnancy weight faster. Breastfeeding releases the hormone oxytocin, which helps your uterus return to its pre-pregnancy size and may reduce uterine bleeding after birth. Studies show that breastfeeding also lowers your risk of breast and ovarian cancer. It may lower your risk of osteoporosis, too.
The cost of formula milk is cut down. There is no hassle of sterilizing nipples, or warming bottles. It not only saves time but money too. It also gives you more time to relax quietly with your newborn as you bond.
However, if for some reason you are finding it difficult to nurse you baby then see your doctor. There are healthcare experts trained to help you with lactation problems. Find an online doctor in Lahore or ask an online physician anywhere in Pakistan what the best option for you would be.
Everyone’s motherhood journey is different. Your choices may vary from the mother next to you and that’s alright. There’s really no right or wrong in this scenario. Just make sure your doctors are involved so you can make an informed decision for your baby.
For more information on pregnancy and child health, visit http://mylivedoctors.com.
UNDERSTAND STRESS AND WHAT CAUSES IT
What exactly is stress? In easy to understand terms, stress can be described as a feeling that people have when they are over-burdened and struggling to cope with demands of everyday life. If you feel like you are feeling overwhelmed by different things in life and it is affecting you mentally then talk to your doctor for help. Or you can find an online physician in Pakistan to discuss how to manage stress.
Stress levels in Pakistan are going up by the day with changing political winds, lack of basic necessities and economic inflation. The general population struggles with finances, work, relationships, and other challenges that threaten a person's well-being.
Stress isn’t always bad though. A moderate amount of stress can be a motivator. It is in fact important for survival. Our response to dangerous situations is triggered by stress, also known as the "fight-or-flight" mechanism. It tells us how to respond to such situations.
However, if this mechanism is triggered too easily, or by multiple stress factors at one time, it can take a toll on a person's mental and physical health and become harmful. If you feel like there’s a weight on your shoulders that is wearing you down then ask for help! Contact an online physician and work out a stress management plan that works for you.
How common is stress?
According to the annual stress survey conducted by the American Psychological Association (APA), average stress levels in the United States (U.S.) rose from 4.9 to 5.1 on a scale from 1 to 10 in 2015. The main reasons given are employment and money. No matter where you live in the world, stress factors are similar. If you ask a doctor online or find an online physician in Pakistan, they would probably testify to the increasing number of patients affected by stress.
What is stress?
Stress is the body's natural defense mechanism against potential danger. It causes the body to release certain hormones (stress hormones) to prepare systems to evade or confront danger. For instance, if you find yourself in the middle of a robbery, your body will undergo changes in response to the stress at that time. Part of that response is physical as the body activates resources to protect you by preparing you to either stay and fight or to get away as fast as possible.
The stress hormones namely cortisol, adrenaline, and noradrenaline trigger an increased heart rate, heightened muscle preparedness, sweating, and alertness. All these factors improve the ability to respond to a hazardous or challenging situation.
Sometimes a situation is so challenging it’s traumatic. People don’t only suffer from stress, but start having anxiety attacks and post traumatic stress disorder too. Do you think you have anxiety? It has similar symptoms to stress and can easily be triggered by stressful situations.
Stress is a manageable condition and so is anxiety. Get help now! Find an online physician in Lahore, or whatever city you’re in with an online doctor app and book an online doctor appointment in Pakistan. Online medical consultations are a convenient way to ask a doctor online and get your answers quicker than a conventional doctor’s appointment.
What are stress factors?
Different environmental factors that trigger the flight and fight reaction are called stressors. Examples include loud noises, aggressive behavior, a speeding car, an unpleasant situation, scary movies or a big exam. The more stressors we experience, the more stressed we tend to feel.
Signs and symptoms of stress
The body changes in the following ways during stress:
- Increase in blood pressure
- Increase in heart rate
- Rapid breathing
- The digestive system slows down
- Decreased immune activity
- Tense muscles
- A heightened state of alertness
- Sleep disturbance
If you experience any of the above symptoms then you should talk to a doctor about how you feel. Go through an online clinic list in Pakistan and find an online physician to help you identify your symptoms and factors that may be causing it.
Other physical effects of stress include:
- pain in the back or chest
- cramps or muscle spasms
- erectile dysfunction and loss of libido
Different types of stress
There are three different types of stress.
- Acute stress. This type of stress is sudden and short-term and is the most common type of stress.
- Episodic acute stress. This refers to people who frequently experience episodes of acute stress or frequent triggers of stress.
- Chronic stress. This type of stress stretches over a long period of time hence is the most harmful type of stress. It can result in chronic health conditions induced by stress such as high blood pressure, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease and heart disease.
Stress management depends upon the type of stress you have. Find out what type of stress you have. Look up an online physician in Pakistan and book an online doctor appointment with a doctor in Lahore or whatever city you are in.
What causes stress?
We all react differently to stressful situations. Different people have different stress factors and different triggers. Almost anything can cause stress and harm your physical and mental well-being.
Some of the most common life situations that can cause stress include:
- Work stress
- Financial issues
- Lack of time
- Family issues
- Illness and other health issues
- Moving from one place to another
- Marriage problems
- Abortion or miscarriage
- Traffic accident
- Becoming a parent
- Excessive noise
If you are overwhelmed by stress the first step to overcome it is to identify what’s causing it. There may be a single cause or multiple causes. You might need help in figuring them out. Get professional help. If you can wait days for a doctor’s appointment then download an online doctor app like My live doctors and register for free. Look up an online physician in Pakistan and describe how you’re feeling. Identify what’s causing it.
Sometimes, there is no identifiable cause. Mental health issues, such as depression, or anxiety, can make some people feel stressed more easily than others. Signs and symptoms may overlap and can cause concentration issues, fatigue, low self esteem, a sense of insecurity, forgetfulness, irritability, restlessness and nail biting, just to name a few ways stress can manifest itself.
These are different aspects of your life that may be affected by stress. Most people need outside help to learn how to cope with stress and manage it. Find an online physician in Pakistan to help monitor your stress and keep your health in check. For more details, please visit http://mylivedoctors.com.
WHY DOES MY BABY CRY ALL THE TIME? Ask an online physician
Does your baby cry all the time? Crying babies can be so distressing for parents. Have you seen your doctor about it? Getting professional advice and insight for matters like this can help calm you down mentally and emotionally. You can get an online video consultation with an online physician in Pakistan so the doctor can see and hear your baby cry in real time. It’s tough to leave home with a crying baby. No matter what city you live in, an online doctor in Pakistan can help you manage your child at home.
Why do babies cry so much?
Babies that cry more often than other babies are called ‘colicky babies’. Also known as infantile colic, it is defined as episodes of crying for more than three hours a day, for more than three days a week, for three weeks in an otherwise healthy child.
To make sure that your child is not crying because of an illness or some other underlying cause, go see your doctor so those reasons can be ruled out. A conventional doctor’s visit may take longer than you expect with appointment scheduling and commutes. But finding an online doctor in Pakistan by booking an online doctor appointment is much quicker.
An online doctor will take a detailed history and evaluate the baby on video call. If the doctor feels like a more detailed examination is needed in person then you will be guided accordingly. Once medical causes are ruled out and colic is confirmed then you can work out a management with your online physician accordingly.
How do you know if your baby has colic?
A colicky baby often cries in the evening, is not otherwise ill and it typically does not result in long-term problems. The crying can cause parents to become frustrated, depressed following delivery, tired from repetitive visits to the doctor, and in some cases even child abuse.
How common is colic?
Studies show that colic affects 10–40% of children, most commonly occurring at six weeks of age and typically goes away by six months. It rarely lasts up to one year of age. It occurs affects both boys and girls equally.
What causes colic?
There is no well-known cause of colic. Some people believe it has a genetic component but there is no data to support this claim. Some infants may have an underlying medical condition that contributes to colic, but those amount to fewer than 5% of infants. For instance, infants may suffer from constipation, gastroesophageal reflux disease, lactose intolerance, anal fissures, subdural hematomas, or infantile migraine.
If your child is colicky, you have probably been to the doctor multiple times already and came back home with the same diagnosis of colic. However, the next time your baby cries uncontrollably you feel compelled to go again. Stay connected with online physicians in Pakistan by downloading an online doctor app on your smartphone. Register to it for free, search the online clinic list of Pakistan and book an online doctor appointment in Lahore or whatever city you live in.
Some experts believe that babies who are fed cow's milk have been shown to develop antibody responses to the bovine protein, causing colic. Most doctors have an inconsistent opinion about this stance as studies performed showed conflicting evidence about the role of cow's milk allergy. In any case, cow’s milk should not be given to child before 1 year of age.
Some colicky babies also have gas. It is not certain if gas contributes to the colic or gas builds up by babies swallowing excess air while crying. Some believe it is due to gastrointestinal discomfort like intestinal cramping, but Another theory supporting colic is related to hyperperistalsis of the digestive tube (increased mobility of the gut). Doctors tend to prescribe anti-colic drops after which symptoms have improved, so this may be a probable cause.
Colic drops are usually available over the counter, but if yours requires a prescription then your online physician can write one for you. Why dwell in a hospital waiting room for a simple prescription when you can get one from your online doctor?
Some people live in areas that are from the city and don’t have access to reliable medical facilities. Online physicians are a great option for people living in rural and remote regions. Get an expert medical opinion from wherever you at My live doctors. Get treated by qualified healthcare professionals for basic health issues like, diarrhea, allergies and the flu. If you have a chronic condition like high blood pressure find an online physician in Pakistan and manage your blood pressure from home.
How do you soothe a colicky baby?
It’s not easy managing a colicky baby. There is no single treatment to make colic go away, but there are different methods you can use to make life easier for both you and your colicky baby.
Please note that if your baby is not hungry, don't force-feed your child. This may aggravate the condition. Experts emphasize on trying to console your baby and no matter how hard that may be, that should be your prime focus. You can also:
- Walk, rock or bounce your baby.
- Always burp your baby after feeds.
- Rub your baby's back.
- Try putting your baby in a swing or vibrating seat.
- Put your baby in a car seat and go for a ride.
- Play music to distract the child.
Caring for a colicky baby can be very frustrating, so don’t hesitate to ask for help. You and your partner can take turns looking after the baby and family and friends should provide support whenever they can. Take consolation in the fact that your baby will outgrow this phase.
For more guidance or expert clinical advice, connect to an online physician in Pakistan with the My live doctors mobile app. Stay connected through text messages and share information online with pictures and video calls. Whatever suits you.
If however, you feel like your child is falling ill, develops a fever and is crying for more than a 3-4 hour stretch, go to the nearest Emergency room and get it checked out. Until you get there you can consult with you online physician as well to make sure you’re doing everything that you’re supposed to. You can never be too safe when it comes to childcare. For more information go to http://mylivedoctors.com.
ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT VACCINES
Vaccines have been a groundbreaking discovery in the field of healthcare. They are used world over to prevent illness and death. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that licensed vaccines are currently available for twenty-five different preventable infections.
Fun facts about vaccines
- According to WHO, vaccines prevent 2 to 3 million deaths per year.
- Polio has been eradicated from most countries (except Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan).
- Between 2000 and 2016, the worldwide rate of measles deaths fell by 86 percent.
Make sure your children are vaccinated at birth and get all their shots according to the EPI vaccination schedule in Pakistan. If you aren’t aware of it ask your primary healthcare provider. You can find a doctor in Pakistan at My live doctors and ask your question online.
What is a vaccine anyway?
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides immunity against a particular disease. Several diseases like measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis, tuberculosis and polio have vaccines and are given to children at different times after birth so they develop immunity against these diseases.
The administration of vaccines is called vaccination. Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases. Vaccines have resulted in the widespread immunity and worldwide eradication of smallpox. It has largely resulted in the decline of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from much of the world.
Unfortunately Pakistan is still not declared polio-free hence polio campaigns are carried out across the country where polio workers go door to door to vaccinate children. Make sure you et your child vaccinated. For more information about polio vaccine you can find a doctor online. Download an online doctor app and find a doctor in Pakistan in seconds.
How do vaccines work?
A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism (bacteria or virus) but has been weakened or killed before using it in the vaccine. Different parts of the microbe like its toxins, or one of its surface proteins may be used.
Vaccines teach the body's immune system to recognize foreign invaders as a threat. A healthy immune system is composed of different types of cells. These cells defend against and remove harmful agents. However, they have to recognize that an invader is dangerous first.
Vaccines trigger an immune response to destroy it and recognize it in case of future encounters. It does this by forming memory cells. This allows for a faster response to the disease in the future. Vaccination teaches the body to recognize new diseases by directing the body to make antibodies against antigens of different pathogens (disease causing organisms).
To learn more about how vaccines work ask your primary care physician or find a doctor in Pakistan. Now you don’t need to wait days to schedule an appointment for simple medical advice. Online healthcare apps like My live doctors can instantly connect you with qualified online doctor in Lahore, online doctor in Karachi or any city in Pakistan.
What is a vaccine made up of?
Vaccines comprise of different parts of a micro-organism that is a safer version of a disease. This can take the form of:
- a protein or sugar from the pathogen
- a dead or inactivated form of a pathogen
- a toxoid made by a pathogen
- a weakened pathogen
When you get a shot, the body responds to the vaccine by building an adaptive immune response. This helps equip the body to fight off an actual infection.
Most vaccines consist of two parts. The first is the antigen, the piece of the pathogen your body must learn to recognize. The second is the adjuvant, the part that sends a danger signal to your body. It causes your immune system to respond more quickly and intensely against the antigen mimicking an infection. This way, your body develops the immunity it needs.
You can find an online doctor in Pakistan on your phone and ask them about what vaccines contain.
Are vaccines safe?
Vaccines are generally considered to be safe. They’re meticulously tested and go through many rounds of study, examination, and research before they’re used with the general public. The bulk of research and evidence based studies show that vaccines are safe to use. This does not mean that they are free of side effects but that side effects are rare. Side effects that do occur are typically mild.
Experts emphasize the importance of a vaccine because there is greater risk for most individuals if they get the actual disease. If you choose not to get a vaccine and potentially get sick, the illness may be far worse than the potential side effects of the vaccine. It could be fatal.
If you may have more questions about the safety of vaccines find an online doctor in Pakistan. Download the My live doctors app on your smartphone and book an online doctor appointment and find an online doctor in Lahore or whatever city you're in. Discuss your concerns with an online physician and get expert medical advice from the convenience of your own home.
Most side effects from a vaccine injection are mild and some people don’t experience side effects at all.
Some side effects include:
- pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- joint pain near the injection site
- muscle weakness
- low-grade to high fever
- sleep disturbances
More rare side effects are:
- memory loss
- complete muscle paralysis on a particular area of the body
- hearing or vision loss
Certain risk factors may increase the likelihood of getting side effects after a shot. These risk factors include:
- having a weak or suppressed immune system
- being sick at the time you receive a vaccine
- having a family or personal history of vaccine reactions
If you or your child experience any of the side effects contact your doctor immediately. In case of redness or swelling at injection site, apply ice on it. To get a medical opinion on it, use My live doctors to find a doctor in Pakistan. Send a picture of the injection site to your online doctor. It’s as simple as that.
Types of vaccines
There are 4 types of vaccines.
- Killed (inactivated) vaccines are made from a virus or bacterium that is not living.
- Live vaccines that are weakened (attenuated) version of a virus or bacterium.
- Toxoid vaccines are made of a chemical or toxin that is made by bacteria or viruses. The tetanus shot is a type of toxoid vaccine.
- Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines take a structural component from a virus or bacterium.
HOW TO TACKLE A MIGRAINE
We all get the occasional headache, but have you ever had a really severe headache? A recurring, painful and severe headache associated with other signs and symptoms is known as a migraine. It may last for hours or even days. A correct diagnosis is important so that it can be treated accordingly. A quick way to reach a doctor is to find an online doctor. Online healthcare apps can help you find an online doctor in Pakistan in no time.
- In some cases, triggers or factors that cause the headaches, such as light, sound and allergies can be identified easily.
- A migraine may be preceded by a warning symptom before it actually begins.
- Many people learn how to respond to these warning symptoms hence prevent a full-blown attack by recognizing and acting upon the warning signs.
- Different meds like OTC painkillers may help with symptom relief, but some people require more specific medication.
- There are preventive medicines for individuals who experience severe migraine attacks.
How common is a migraine?
According to the American Migraine Association, approximately 36 million Americans, or 12 percent of the population is affected by migraines! It can start as young as 10 years and go up to 40 years of age. Women are three times more likely to get migraines than men.
What causes a migraine?
Doctors don’t exactly know what causes a migraine. The headaches are looked at as symptom of an overall condition known as migraine. Some experts believe that certain changes in the brain may lead to migraines or a part of it may also be hereditary. Studies show that migraines tend to run in families. Certain triggers or factors that contribute to a migraine can even be inherited. Common triggers that cause migraine headaches include fatigue, bright lights, loud sounds, hunger and weather changes.
If you experience headaches but aren’t sure whether it’s a migraine or not, talk to your doctor about it. Take note if it seems to get worse by exposure to bright light or sounds. For expert medical advice without going to a doctor’s office find an online physician in Pakistan. If you live in Lahore, look up the online clinic list in Pakistan and find an online physician in Lahore. Telehealth services like My live doctors are available in most major cities across Pakistan.
Some scientists also believe that migraines result from changes in blood flow to the brain, the same mechanism believed to cause a simple headache. The headache is so severe and usually affects one side of the head because it involves the trigeminal nerve. This nerve supplies sensation to the head and face. Activation of the nerve causes release of certain chemicals related to inflammation and pain.
It is suspected that they result from abnormal activity in the brain. This can affect the way nerves communicate as well as the chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. Genetics may make someone more sensitive to the triggers that can cause migraines.
Even though the exact cause of a migraine headache is still under investigation, there are certain known triggers or factors that contribute to a migraine:
- Fluctuation in hormones. Women who experience migraine symptoms, tend to do so during menstruation, due to changing hormone levels.
- Emotional stress, depression, anxiety, excitement, and shock can set off a migraine.
- Sleep deprivation
- Shoulder or neck tension/pain
- Poor posture
- Excessive physical exertion
- Heat exhaustion
- Low blood sugar
- Jet lag
Contrary to popular belief, alcohol and caffeine can actually contribute to triggering migraines. In some people migraines are linked to specific foods like chocolate, cheese, citrus fruits, and foods containing the additive tyramine. Medications: Some sleeping pills, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications, and the combined contraceptive pill have all been named as possible triggers.
Environmental triggers like bright flickering screens and light, strong smells, second-hand smoke, and loud noises can set off a migraine. Sudden changes in temperature and weather can trigger the onset of a migraine as well.
If you feel like you can relate to any of the triggers above, you might be having a migraine headache. Migraines aren’t like regular headaches, they can last anywhere from 48-72 hours. Talk to your doctor for specific treatment. If time doesn’t allow you to schedule a conventional doctor’s appointment, find an online doctor and book an online doctor’s appointment in Pakistan. Online physicians in Pakistan are treating patients all over the country remotely for minor health problems like migraines. Download My live doctor app now and sign up for FREE. Talk to an online doctor in Pakistan today!
Symptoms of a migraine
Besides the severe headache, here are some things to look out for:
- Pain is usually confined to one side of the head but may shift to either side of the head
- Pain may be throbbing or pulsing
- Pain may increase during physical activity or straining
- Pain may compromise your ability to perform regular activities
- You might feel sick and vomit
- Pain may be relieved by lying in a quiet and dark space.
Request an online doctor appointment with online doctor in Pakistan at My live doctors. Get medical advice and get treated from the comfort of your own home. Once you find an online doctor, schedule follow-ups with your online doctor too. Online doctors are equipped and trained to treat basic health conditions online and write online prescriptions as well.
How do you treat a migraine?
Migraines can effectively be treated by different medications. It is advised to take the medicine early on as the migraine begins instead of allowing to it to develop further. OTC medications are helpful for symptom relief as are other painkillers like aspirin. Accompanying symptoms like nausea are treated with medicines to help lessen the nausea. Anti-depressants, certain herbal extracts and vitamins may be given to prevent migraine.
If you know what triggers your migraine, try to avoid those triggers. Talk to your online doctor in Lahore or wherever you live and work out a management plan for the type of headache you have. For more information please visit https://mylivedoctors.com.
HEPATITIS IN EPIDEMIC PROPORTIONS IN PAKISTAN
Hepatitis is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis including autoimmune hepatitis, drug-induced hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease to name a few. If you want to know more about hepatitis and how you can protect yourself form getting it, find a physician online and get expert medical advice at home.
We will be talking mainly about viral hepatitis since it is the most common type in Pakistan and is rampantly on the rise.
What does the liver do?
Your liver is considered to be one of the major organs in the body. It is located in the right upper part of your abdomen. It is responsible for several critical functions such as:
- regulating metabolism throughout your body
- bile production, which is essential for digestion
- filtering and removing toxins from your body
- excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and drugs
- breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
- activation of enzymes, which are specialized proteins essential to body functions
- storage of glycogen (a form of sugar), minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and K)
- synthesis of blood proteins, such as albumin
- synthesis of clotting factors
You can find a physician online or ask a doctor online if you have a specific question regarding liver health. Download an online doctor app on your smartphone and access top notch physician online with just a few clicks.
How common is hepatitis in Pakistan?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, approximately 4.4 million Americans are currently living with chronic hepatitis B and C. Many more people don’t even know that they have hepatitis.
Viral hepatitis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and a rising cause for concern in Asian countries, particularly Pakistan. Weather it is transmitted by blood or water/food the increasing burden of the hepatitis virus is alarming for Pakistan.
Whether you live in Lahore, Karachi or Peshawar, you can find a physician online and book an online doctor’s appointment today. Discuss preventive measures with your online doctor and keep yourself and your family safe.
Studies show that within the region, Pakistan and Egypt bear the highest burden of hepatitis and within Pakistan around 12 million people are suffering from hepatitis B or C. There are about 150,000 new cases each year!
Treatment options vary depending on which type of hepatitis you have. You can prevent some forms of hepatitis through immunizations and lifestyle precautions. Have you gotten the hepatitis vaccine? If not, contact your doctor or find a physician online and ask about the vaccine. Download the My live doctors app on Get it as soon as you can.
Different types of hepatitis
There are 5 different types of viral hepatitis namely Hep A, B, C, D, and E. Hepatitis A and E infections are transmitted by consuming food and water contaminated with the respective viruses. More commonly found in areas with poor sanitation and contaminated water supply.
If you live or work in an area where clean water is scarce, then take appropriate measures to ensure the water is filtered or boiled before consumption. Avoid buying food from street vendors. Make sure the produce you buy is thoroughly washed and cleaned before use. Further talk to a healthcare provider about additional measures you can take to prevent hepatitis. Talk to a physician online. Look up your doctor at My live doctors and book a doctors appointment on line. If you live in Lahore, then find a physician online in Lahore, one that is familiar with the local disease trend.
Hepatitis B, C and D are transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the respective hepatitis viruses. Sharing contaminated syringes for injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner, sharing razors with an infected person, or contaminated surgical instruments particularly dental tools may cause hepatitis. Hepatitis B and C are at the forefront in Pakistan while hepatitis D often occurs in conjunction with Hepatitis B.
If you or a family member require blood transfusion or a dental procedure, make sure the blood is screened and instruments sterilized respectively. Find and connect with a physician online and ask about which hospitals/blood banks provide screened blood and are safe to use. Get expert medical advice on the go at My live doctors.
The incidence of hepatitis is extremely high in rural areas. Online physicians are playing their role through telemedicine in raising awareness about this serious medical condition and making prevention the key aspect of management.
There are other causes of non-infectious hepatitis. Autoimmune hepatitis is when the body’s own cells attack the liver cells and cause inflammation. Certain drugs/medicines cause hepatitis, also known as drug induced hepatitis. Alcoholic hepatitis is common in alcoholics.
Signs and symptoms of hepatitis
Most people with hepatitis infection don’t show symptoms till much later. However, here are some symptoms to look out for:
- flu-like symptoms
- dark urine
- pale stool
- abdominal pain
- loss of appetite
- unexplained weight loss
- yellow skin and eyes, which may be signs of jaundice
If you experience any of the above symptoms, see your doctor as soon as possible. You can also book an appointment at My live doctors and find a physician online who can take a look at you until you are able to visit your doctor. An acute or sudden infection may also show similar symptoms.
As the disease progresses, chronic hepatitis can lead to progressive liver failure, resulting in jaundice, swelling of the lower extremities, confusion, and blood in the feces or vomit.
The following may also occur:
- itchy skin
- light-colored feces
- yellow skin, whites of the eyes, and tongue
- blood in stool
- vomiting of blood
These are serious symptoms and warrant emergency care and management.
How do you treat hepatitis?
Hepatitis A and E is managed mostly by wait and watch method. Emphasis is more on primary care like diet, abstaining from alcohol and rest. It usually gets better without any intervention. Hepatitis B and C are treated with antiviral drugs along with managing any complications associated with hepatitis.
Minimal invasive techniques such as TACE may also be performed to try and wall off and minimize infection. Liver transplant is the last treatment option in case of total liver failure.
Find a physician online anywhere in Pakistan and learn more about different options. Get a second opinion or get a lab report checked and understand what it means. An informed patient is an empowered one. For more details, go to https://mylivedoctors.com.
8 WAYS TO REDUCE PERIOD PAIN!
Menstruation is a natural process that women go through. The first period, also known as menarche marks the onset of puberty and continues every month up until 50 years of age on average. Once menstruation stops completely it is known as menopause. Understanding how menstruation works can help you understand how your own cycle works. For an expert take on menstrual cycles, find best online physician and get your answers on the phone!
Why do women get their period anyway?
Your menstrual cycle prepares your body for a possible pregnancy each month. It is important to understand how the process works so you can use this information to conceive if you are planning to get pregnant or avoid pregnancy altogether. Talk to your doctor if you are planning to have a baby or get first-hand information by finding the best online physician with an online doctor app. Download my live doctors and find the best online physician in Lahore, Karachi or any other city in Pakistan.
Talking to an online physician is a quick and convenient way to get expert medical advice without having to wait long hours at a clinic, especially during your period! If you suffer from period cramps, or abdominal pain, find best online physician who can help you manage any menstrual symptoms you are experiencing, and understand when there might be a problem.
What is menstruation?
Menstruation is the scientific term for getting your period. About every month, females who have gone through puberty will experience menstrual bleeding. It is a physiological process that takes place because the lining of the uterus has prepared itself for a possible pregnancy by becoming thicker and richer in blood vessels.
If pregnancy does not occur, this thickened lining is shed and this shedding of the uterine lining causes the bleeding. Bleeding usually lasts for 3-8 days. For most women, menstrual cycles occur in a fairly regular, predictable pattern. The course of a menstrual cycle i.e. from one period to another normally ranges from 21-35 days.
If you have shorter or longer cycles with scanty or extremely heavy bleeding, it might be indicative of an underlying medical problem. Visit your doctor and get other medical conditions ruled out. Different hormones regulate the menstrual cycle and sometimes a hormonal imbalance may cause irregular periods. If you can’t get to your primary healthcare provider any time soon, find best online physician at My live doctors and book an online doctors appointment today!
Do all women experience cramps?
According to studies, more than half of women who menstruate report some pain from period cramps for a day or two each month. While menstrual cramps, also called dysmenorrhea, are usually not a sign of a serious health condition, they can affect your quality of life.
If your period pain is so severe that it stops you from working or even getting out of bed, see your doctor as soon as possible. An alternative to an in-clinic visit is finding the best physician online for expert medical advice. You don’t have to get out of bed, just book an online doctor appointment with the My live doctors app at a time that suits you best and work out a treatment plan that works for you!
Abdominal discomfort and pain in and around your abdomen, lower back, and thighs is normal when you’re menstruating. The pain is caused by the constant contraction and relaxation of the uterus to help shed the uterine lining. Some women may experience nausea, vomiting, headaches, or diarrhea as well.
We aren’t sure why some women experience painful menstruation and others don’t, but studies have show some factors that may contribute to the pain:
- having a heavy blood flow
- having your first child
- being under the age of 20, or just starting your period
- having an overproduction of or sensitivity to prostaglandins, a hormone that influences your womb
- Other factors include growths in your womb, endometriosis (abnormal uterine tissue growth), and use of birth control.
If you fall into any one of these categories then that may be the reason your period is more painful compared to other women. Period pain is manageable so ask your doctor about different treatment options. For a second opinion, you can find the best online physician. See what works for you and go with it.
How can you reduce period pain?
To help with the pain, here are 10 safe and effective tactics. If your period cramps seem severe or you don't get relief despite trying some of these options, check with your doctor to rule out more serious health issues. For mild to moderate cramps these tips and tricks may help with symptom relief. Read on for tips on getting fast relief and learn how to potentially lessen the pain during your next cycle.
8 ways to lessen period pain:
- Diet. Improving your diet during your period days can help reduce the pain. A diet low in fat decreases overall inflammation in the body and may help ease the cramps.
- Herbal teas. Herbal teas provide a calming and soothing effect. It has shown to relieve abdominal cramps and back pain in some women.
- Painkillers. Over the counter painkillers are an effective method of pain relief. Ibuprofen and Nsaids are commonly used drugs. Always ask your doctor before using it though.
- Fish oil and vitamin B1. Research suggests that fish oil supplements and/or vitamin B1 supplements result in significantly less pain compared to women who don’t take it.
- Massage. A relaxing massage of the back, lower abdomen and thighs with essential oils has shown to relieve period pain. Research shows that women who got massages with essential oils reported of less pain and the duration of pain had shortened as well.
- Acupuncture. Acupuncture basically relaxes the nervous system by targeting specific pressure points on the body with needles. It also increases the blood flow to major internal organs and has an overall anti-inflammatory effect.
- Heat. Studies show that the use of a heating pad seems to work for most women in symptom relief. Using a heating pad along with painkillers may be more effective.
- Exercise. A good low-impact workout can release endorphins and reduce overall inflammation. Prostaglandin release reduces the pain.
We hope you have a better understanding about menstrual cycle, pain and how to deal with it. Before trying any of these tips you can connect with the best online physician if you have more questions. Go to https://mylivedoctors.com and book an appointment today!
MUST KNOW SYMPTOMS OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic or long-term, disabling autoimmune disease that keeps progressing over time. An autoimmune condition is one in which the immune system (the body’s natural self-defense system) becomes disordered and starts to attack your body’s healthy tissues. In rheumatoid arthritis, the main way it does this is with inflammation in your joints. It causes inflammation, swelling, and pain in and around the joints and other body organs. If you have a pre-existing condition and have been experiencing joint pain recently see your doctor about it or find expert doctors online. If you live in Lahore, find expert doctors in Lahore or any city across Pakistan.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) usually affects the hands and feet initially, but it involve any joint and most often involves the same joints on both sides of the body. To develop a better understanding of RA, it might help to learn about how a normal joint functions first.
How does a normal joint work?
A joint is the meeting place of two or more bones. Most of our joints are designed to allow the bones to move in certain directions and within certain limits. Collectively this is known as ‘range of motion’.
For instance, the knee joint is the largest and one of the most important joints in the body and one of the most complicated. It must be strong enough to support the body weight and must lock into position so you can stand up straight. In addition to this, it also acts as a hinge providing mobility so you can walk, sit, twist and turn while running or playing sports.
The end of each bone is covered with a very smooth and slippery surface called cartilage. The cartilage protects the ends of bones from erosion, allowing them to move against each other, almost without any friction. The whole joint is held in place by the synovial capsule, which contains thick fluid to protect the bones and joint. It has a tough outer layer that provides stability to the joint. Muscles attach the bones with strong cords called tendons. They anchor the muscles to the bones.
For more information about how joints work, find expert doctors online on an online doctor app. Download My live doctors, an online doctor app on your smartphone and book an online doctor appointment right away. You can find expert doctors online and get your answers from the comfort of your own home.
Common symptoms of RA include early morning stiffness i.e. stiff joints particularly after getting up in the mornings or after a period of rest. Some people often experience fatigue and a general feeling of being unwell.
How common is RA?
According to The Rheumatoid Arthritis Support Network, it is estimated that RA affects up to 1 percent of the world's population and over 1.3 million people in America. It is more common in females as compared to males.
What are the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis?
Signs and symptoms of RA are not continuous in nature, but rather intermittent and are most prominent upon waking up in the morning. They tend to come and go. Some common symptoms of RA include:
- pain, swelling, and stiffness in more than one joint
- affects small joints like fingers, wrist etc.
- symmetrical joint involvement
- joint deformity
- imbalance or unsteadiness when walking
- a general feeling of being unwell
- loss of function and mobility
- weight loss
If you have one or more of the above symptoms it is better to get evaluated to rule out the possibility of rheumatoid arthritis. For expert medical advice you can find expert doctors online. Simply download the My live doctors app on your smartphone and book an online doctor appointment. Finding expert doctors online has never been easier.
If you live far from a medical facility or want to get a second opinion, expert doctors online are a great option to get started. You no longer have to brush away health problems due to inaccessibility. Telehealth portals like My live doctors is changing the game for patients and doctors alike. Find expert doctors online in Lahore, Karachi or any major city in Pakistan.
Some individuals with RA develop small lumps under the skin around the affected joint. They are called rheumatoid nodules. They can sometimes be painful, but usually are not. It is a visible deformity and may limit joint function and movement. If something like this is a concern for you, take a picture of the lump and send it to your expert doctor online. Get a heads up before you go to your primary healthcare provider.
Complications of RA
Individuals with RA have a higher likelihood of developing heart disease and obesity. Due to chronic pain and deformity they may also develop depression, anxiety and stress. Other complications may include:
- carpal tunnel syndrome
- inflammation of the lungs, heart, blood vessels, eyes and other parts of the body
- cervical myelopathy
- tendon rupture
- more prone to other infections
If you think you have RA or have been diagnosed with RA, it is important that your condition be monitored regularly. To keep you health on track, regular check-ups are integral to management. However, it can be tough to take time out and attend every follow-up. So why not find expert doctor online and schedule regular appointments online? It’s quick, convenient, and much cheaper!
Other medical conditions with joint pain and symptoms similar to RA include gout, osteoarthritis, lupus and psoriatic arthritis. It is important to get these conditions ruled out before a definitive diagnosis of RA.
How do you treat RA?
RA is treated according to how far the disease has progressed and how bad the symptoms are. There are a variety of painkillers that may be prescribed such as NSAIDs and steroids to reduce inflammation or DMARDs to slow the progression of disease. TNF-alpha inhibitors are a class of drugs that also improve symptoms like morning stiffness, inflammation and swelling. Physical therapy may also help in improving motion and quality of life.
RA is a painful and chronic condition make it difficult for a person to go about their daily routine. Anyone who experiences pain and swelling in two or more joints should see a doctor or find expert doctors online so an early treatment plan can begin and reduce the risk of long-term problems. For more information please go to http://mylivedoctors.com
YOU MIGHT STOP BREATHING WHILE YOU SLEEP!
IT’S CALLED SLEEP APNEA
When we think about sleep disorders, we often restrict it to insomnia (sleeplessness) or problems related to excessive sleep. Another common sleep disorder is obstructive sleep apnea. OSA is a sleep disorder in which breathing is briefly and repeatedly interrupted during sleep. Do you or someone you care about have this problem? Talk to your doctor about it or find the best online physician to help you out.
The word "apnea" refers to a breathing pause that lasts at least ten seconds. When the muscles in the back of the throat fail to keep the airway open, it results in obstructive sleep apnea. Another form of sleep apnea is central sleep apnea, in which the brain fails to properly control breathing during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is far more common than central sleep apnea.
How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
According to reports, around 22 million Americans suffer from lack of restorative sleep. Typical symptoms of sleep apnea include heavy snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness or fatigue, difficulty with concentration or memory, and waking during the night feeling short of breath. If you think you fall into this category it is best to see a doctor about it as untreated sleep apnea can lead to serious health consequences. Or you could use an online doctor mobile app like My live doctors to find the best physician online to help you with a treatment plan. With the correct treatment, many people see dramatic improvements to their quality of life.
Is sleep apnea dangerous?
Obstructive sleep apnea, or simply sleep apnea, can result in a broken sleep pattern. Fragmented breathing can lead to low blood oxygen levels. For people with sleep apnea, the combination of disturbed sleep and oxygen deprivation may lead to high blood pressure, heart disease and mood and memory problems. Sleep apnea also increases the risk of drowsy driving. Prevention is better than cure when it comes to any health problem. Get yourself evaluated by your primary healthcare provider to prevent complicated OSA. You can get expert medical advice at My live doctors. Find the best online physician and book an online doctor appointment today!
Who Has Sleep Apnea?
OSA occurs in both males and females affecting all age groups. It is difficult to estimate the prevalence of childhood OSA because of various monitoring techniques, but a minimum prevalence of 2 to 3% is likely, with prevalence as high as 10 to 20% in habitually snoring children.
What Causes Sleep Apnea?
The exact cause of OSA is not clear, but there are a number of factors that increase the likelihood of getting sleep apnea.
- Small upper airway (or large tongue, tonsils or uvula)
- Being overweight
- Having a recessed chin
- Small jaw or a large overbite
- Large neck size (17 inches or greater in a man, or 16 inches or greater in a woman)
- Alcohol use
- Age 40 or older
- Ethnicity (African-Americans, Pacific-Islanders and Hispanics)
Also, OSA seems to run in some families, suggesting a possible genetic basis.
What are the signs and symptoms of sleep apnea?
Besides interrupted and paused breathing, here are some symptoms you should look out for:
- Chronic snoring
- Difficulty concentrating
- Sexual dysfunction
- Learning and memory difficulties
- Falling asleep while at work, on the phone, or driving.
If you have one or more of the above symptoms go to your primary healthcare provider right away. If you’re looking for a second opinion, find the best online physician at My live doctors and get one without delay. Early intervention is key in preventing unwanted complications.
It is important to note that is OSA is left untreated, the symptoms of sleep deprivation may affect quality of life. Symptoms of sleep apnea can include disturbed sleep, excessive sleepiness during the day, high blood pressure, heart attack, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmia, stroke or depression.
Finding the best online physician is not a problem anymore. Instant access to top-notch physicians and specialists is in the palm of your hand. Online mobile apps like My live doctors facilitate patients to connect with best online physicians from home. Skip the long wait at the hospital and get treated on the go!
How do you treat sleep apnea?
If you think you have sleep apnea, the first thing to do is see your doctor. It would help if you brought with you a record of your sleep and fatigue levels throughout the day, and any other symptoms you might be having. If you are unable to reach your doctor anytime soon, find an online physician and share your findings online. My live doctors is a safe and secure online space where only you can access your medical records.
Ask your family members if they notice you snore heavily, choke, gasp, or stop breathing during sleep. If you have access to a sleep center, visit it or you can ask your online physician to refer you to a sleep specialist. A sleep study might be required for the diagnosis of OSA.
The treatment of choice for obstructive sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure device (CPAP). CPAP is a mask that fits over the nose and/or mouth, and gently blows air into the airway to help keep it open during sleep. This method of treatment is highly effective. Using the CPAP as recommended by your doctor is very important.
If you are having second thoughts, connect to the best online physician and discuss your concerns online. Find out about other treatment options as well. Certain lifestyle changes can also help improve symptoms like losing weight, stop smoking and limit alcohol consumption. Lie on your side instead of your back. Your online physician may recommend additional tips.
The most important part of treatment for people with OSA is using the CPAP whenever they sleep. The health benefits of this therapy can be enormous, but only if used correctly. If you are unsure about how to use your CPAP or you're experiencing side effects of wearing the appliance, ask your online physician or talk to the doctor who prescribed it and ask for assistance.